Cloud Firestore model framework for iOS - Google
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README.md

Version Platform Downloads

Please donate to continue development.

https://github.com/1amageek/pring.ts

Pring <β>

Firestore model framework. The concept of Document and Collection has been added to Firestore. Pring defines the Scheme of the Document and enables type - safe programming. SubCollection can also be defined in Scheme.

Deep Dive into the Firebase

Please report issues here

Requirements ❗️

Installation ⚙

CocoaPods

  • Insert pod 'Pring' to your Podfile.
  • Run pod install.

Feature 🎊

☑️ You can define Firestore's Document scheme.
☑️ Of course type safety.
☑️ It seamlessly works with Firestore and Storage.
☑️ You can easily associate subcollections.
☑️ Support GeoPoint.

Design 💻

Firestore Database Design

If you are going to use Firestore and make products, I recommend you to read it.

TODO

Implementation

  • Implement DataType that Firestore can handle
  • Implement data management
  • Implement custom DataType (Specification under consideration)
  • Implement linkage with Firestorage
  • Implement the NestedCollection feature
  • Implement the ReferenceCollection feature
  • Implement DataSource
  • Implement Query-enabled DataSource (Specification under consideration)

Verification (Running Unit test)

  • Verify the implementation of DataType that Firestore can handle
  • Verify the implementation of data management
  • Verify the implementation of custom DataType
  • Verify cooperation with Firestorage
  • Verify the implementation of the NestedCollection feature
  • Verify the implementation of the ReferenceCollection feature
  • Verify the implementation of Query-enabled DataSource

If you have a Feature Request, please post an issue.

Usage

For example..

@objcMembers
class User: Object {
    @objc enum UserType: Int {
        case normal
        case gold
        case premium        
    }
    dynamic var type: UserType = .normal
    dynamic var name: String?
    dynamic var thumbnail: File?
    dynamic var followers: ReferenceCollection<User> = []
    dynamic var items: NestedCollection<Item> = []
    
    // Custom property
    override func encode(_ key: String, value: Any?) -> Any? {
        if key == "type" {
            return self.type.rawValue
        }
        return nil
    }

    override func decode(_ key: String, value: Any?) -> Bool {
        if key == "type" {
            self.type = UserType(rawValue: value as! Int)
            return true
        }
        return false
    }
}
@objcMembers
class Item: Object {
    dynamic var thumbnail: File?
    dynamic var name: String? = "OWABIISHI"
}
// Set an arbitrary ID
let user: User = User(id: "ID")
user.save()
let userA: User = User()
userA.name = "userA"
userA.thumbnail = File(data: UIImageJPEGRepresentation(IMAGE, 0.3)!, mimeType: .jpeg)

let userB: User = User()
userB.name = "userB"
userB.thumbnail = File(data: UIImageJPEGRepresentation(IMAGE, 0.3)!, mimeType: .jpeg)

let item: Item = Item()
item.thumbnail = File(data: UIImageJPEGRepresentation(IMAGE, 0.3)!, mimeType: .jpeg)

userA.followers.insert(userB)
userA.items.insert(item)
userA.save()

Important❗️

Pring clearly separates save and update. This is to prevent unexpected overwriting. Pring provides three methods of initializing Object.

Initialization giving AutoID to Object

let user: User = User()

Initialization giving arbitrary ID

let user: User = User(id: "YOUR_ID") // isSaved false

Initialization when dealing with already saved Object

If you are dealing with an Object that has already been saved, please perform the following initialization. In case of this initialization can not save Please update.

let user: User = User(id: "YOUR_ID", value: [:]) // isSaved true

It is the developer's responsibility to manage the saved state of the Object.

Scheme

Pring inherits Object class and defines the Model. Pring supports many data types.

@objcMembers
class User: Object {
    dynamic var array: [String]                     = ["array"]
    dynamic var set: Set<String>                    = ["set"]
    dynamic var bool: Bool                          = true
    dynamic var binary: Data                        = "data".data(using: .utf8)!
    dynamic var file: File                          = File(data: UIImageJPEGRepresentation(UIImage(named: "")!, 1))
    dynamic var url: URL                            = URL(string: "https://firebase.google.com/")!
    dynamic var int: Int                            = Int.max
    dynamic var float: Double                       = Double.infinity
    dynamic var date: Date                          = Date(timeIntervalSince1970: 100)
    dynamic var geoPoint: GeoPoint                  = GeoPoint(latitude: 0, longitude: 0)
    dynamic var dictionary: [String: Any]      = ["key": "value"]    
    dynamic var string: String                      = "string"
    
    let group: Reference<Group>                         = .init()
    let nestedCollection: NestedCollection<Item>             = []
    let referenceCollection: ReferenceCollection<User>  = []
}
DataType Description
Array It is Array type.
Set It is Set type.In Firestore it is expressed as {"value": true}.
Bool It is a boolean value.
File It is File type. You can save large data files.
URL It is URL type. It is saved as string in Firestore.
Int It is Int type.
Float It is Float type. In iOS, it will be a 64 bit Double type.
Date It is Date type.
GeoPoint It is GeoPoint type.
Dictionary It is a Dictionary type. Save the structural data.
nestedCollection or referenceCollection It is SubCollection type.
String It is String type.
Reference It is Reference type. It hold DocumentReference
Null It is Null type.
Any It is custom type. You can specify it as a custom type if it is a class that inherits from NSObject.

⚠️ Bool Int Float Double are not supported optional type.

⚙️ Manage data

Save

Document can be saved only once.

let object: MyObject = MyObject()
object.save { (ref, error) in
   // completion
}

Retrieve

Retrieve document with ID.

MyObject.get(document!.id, block: { (document, error) in
    // do something
})

Update

Document has an update method. Be careful as it is different from Salada.

MyObject.get(document!.id, block: { (document, error) in
    document.string = "newString"
    document.update { error in
       // update
    }
})

Delete

Delete document with ID.

MyObject.get(document!.id, block: { (document, error) in
    document.delete()
})

Batched writes

let batch: WriteBatch = Firestore.firestore().batch()
batch.add(.save, object: userA)    //  ** File is not saved.
batch.add(.update, object: userB)
batch.add(.delete, object: userC)
batch.commit(completion: { (error) in
  // error handling
})

📄 File

Pring has a File class because it seamlessly works with Firebase Storage.

Save

File is saved with Document Save at the same time.

let object: MyObject = MyObject()
object.thumbnailImage = File(data: PNG_DATA, mimeType: .png)
let tasks: [String: StorageUploadTask] = object.save { (ref, error) in

}

save method returns the StorageUploadTask that is set with the key. For details on how to use StorageUploadTask, refer to Firebase docs.

let task: StorageUploadTask = tasks["thumbnailImage"]

Get data

Get data with size.

let task: StorageDownloadTask = object.thumbnail.getData(100000, block: { (data, error) in
    // do something
})

Update

If the Document is already saved, please use update method. update method also returns StorageUploadTask. Running update method automatically deletes old files.

let newFile: File = File(data: PNG_DATA, mimeType: .png)
object.thumbnailImage = newFile
object.update()

Delete

Delete it with delete method.

object.thumbnailImage = File.delete()
object.update()

Nested Collection & Reference Collection

NestedCollection and ReferenceCollection are classes that define SubCollection.

When holding File in SubCollection, saving of File will be executed first. When many Files are stored in SubCollection at once, the performance deteriorates.

Nested Collection

  • NestedCollection nests data and saves it under the document.
  • The destination path of File is nested path.

Reference Collection

  • ReferenceCollection saves the documentID under the document.
  • Data is saved separately.
@objcMembers
class User: Object {
    dynamic var name: String?
    dynamic var followers: ReferenceCollection<User> = []
    dynamic var items: NestedCollection<Item> = []
}

@objcMembers
class Item: Object {
    dynamic var thumbnail: File?
}

let userA: User = User()
userA.name = "userA"

let userB: User = User()
userB.name = "userB"

let item: Item = Item()
item.thumbnail = File(data: JPEG_DATA, mimeType: .jpeg)

userA.followers.insert(userB)
userA.items.insert(item)
userA.save()
let item: Item = Item()
userA.items.insert(item)
userA.update() { error in
  if let error = error {
    // error handling
    return
  }
  // do something
}

DataSource

DataSource is a class for easy handling of data retrieval from Collection.

class DataSourceViewController: UITableViewController {

    var dataSource: DataSource<User>?
    
    override func viewDidLoad() {
        super.viewDidLoad()
        self.dataSource = User.order(by: \User.createdAt).limit(to: 30).dataSource()
            .on({ [weak self] (snapshot, changes) in
                guard let tableView: UITableView = self?.tableView else { return }
                switch changes {
                case .initial:
                    tableView.reloadData()
                case .update(let deletions, let insertions, let modifications):
                    tableView.beginUpdates()
                    tableView.insertRows(at: insertions.map { IndexPath(row: $0, section: 0) }, with: .automatic)
                    tableView.deleteRows(at: deletions.map { IndexPath(row: $0, section: 0) }, with: .automatic)
                    tableView.reloadRows(at: modifications.map { IndexPath(row: $0, section: 0) }, with: .automatic)
                    tableView.endUpdates()
                case .error(let error):
                    print(error)
                }
            }).listen()
    }

    // MARK: - Table view data source

    override func tableView(_ tableView: UITableView, numberOfRowsInSection section: Int) -> Int {
        return self.dataSource?.count ?? 0
    }

    override func tableView(_ tableView: UITableView, cellForRowAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> UITableViewCell {
        let cell: DataSourceViewCell = tableView.dequeueReusableCell(withIdentifier: "DataSourceViewCell", for: indexPath) as! DataSourceViewCell
        configure(cell, atIndexPath: indexPath)
        return cell
    }

    func configure(_ cell: DataSourceViewCell, atIndexPath indexPath: IndexPath) {
        guard let user: User = self.dataSource?[indexPath.item] else { return }
        cell.textLabel?.text = user.name
        cell.disposer = user.listen { (user, error) in
            cell.textLabel?.text = user?.name
        }
    }

    func tableView(_ tableView: UITableView, didEndDisplaying cell: DataSourceViewCell, forRowAt indexPath: IndexPath) {
        cell.disposer?.dispose()
    }

    override func tableView(_ tableView: UITableView, canPerformAction action: Selector, forRowAt indexPath: IndexPath, withSender sender: Any?) -> Bool {
        return true
    }

    override func tableView(_ tableView: UITableView, commit editingStyle: UITableViewCellEditingStyle, forRowAt indexPath: IndexPath) {
        if editingStyle == .delete {
            self.dataSource?.removeDocument(at: indexPath.item)
        }
    }
}

SubCollection DataSource

User.get("USER_ID") { (user, error) in
    guard let user: User = user else { return }
    self.dataSource = user.followers.order(by: \User.createdAt).dataSource()
        .on { (snapshot, changes) in
            // something
        }.listen()
}

Synchronous Client Side Join

@objcMembers
class User: Object {

    let group: Reference<Group> = Reference()
}

Please add on(parse:) to DataSource.

self.dataSource = User.order(by: \User.updatedAt).dataSource()
    .on({ [weak self] (snapshot, changes) in
        guard let tableView: UITableView = self?.tableView else { return }
        debugPrint("On")
        switch changes {
        case .initial:
            tableView.reloadData()
        case .update(let deletions, let insertions, let modifications):
            tableView.beginUpdates()
            tableView.insertRows(at: insertions.map { IndexPath(row: $0, section: 0) }, with: .automatic)
            tableView.deleteRows(at: deletions.map { IndexPath(row: $0, section: 0) }, with: .automatic)
            tableView.reloadRows(at: modifications.map { IndexPath(row: $0, section: 0) }, with: .automatic)
            tableView.endUpdates()
        case .error(let error):
            print(error)
        }
    })
    .on(parse: { (snapshot, user, done) in
        user.group.get({ (group, error) in
            done(user)
        })
    })
    .onCompleted({ (snapshot, users) in
        debugPrint("completed")
    })
    .listen()

Query

Get documents

User.where(\User.name, isEqualTo: "name").get { (snapshot, error) in
    print(snapshot?.documents)
}

Get SubCollections

WHERE

let user: User = User(id: "user_id")
user.items.where(\Item.name, isEqualTo: "item_name").get { (snapshot, error) in
    print(snapshot?.documents)
}

ORDER

let user: User = User(id: "user_id")
user.items.order(by: \Item.updatedAt).get { (snapshot, error) in
    print(snapshot?.documents)
}

Create DataSource from Query

let user: User = User(id: "user_id")
user.items
    .where(\Item.name, isEqualTo: "item_name")
    .dataSource()
    .on({ (snapshot, change) in
        // do something
    })
    .onCompleted { (snapshot, items) in
        print(items)
}

Full-text search

Please use ElasticSearch or Algolia when performing full-text search on Firebase. There is a library when implementing with Swift.

https://github.com/miuP/Algent