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Datera Cinder Repository

Datera Cinder Volume Driver Installation

1. Clone Repository ``git clone``
2. Copy Driver ``cd cinder-driver && rsync -a --exclude '' --exclude 'backup/' src/cinder/ /usr/local/lib/pythonX.X/dist-packages/cinder``
3. Install Python-SDK ``sudo pip install -U dfs_sdk``
4. Modify ``/etc/cinder/cinder.conf``
  * Under [DEFAULT]
    * ``default_volume_type = datera``
    * ``enabled_backends = datera``
    * ``debug = True``
  * Under [datera]
    * ``volume_driver = cinder.volume.drivers.datera.datera_iscsi.DateraDriver``
    * ``san_ip = <datera_mgmt_ip>``
    * ``san_login = <datera_username>``
    * ``san_password = <datera_password>``
    * ``volume_backend_name = datera``
    * ``datera_tenant_id = <datera_tenant>``
5. Restart Cinder ``service cinder-volume restart``

If you get an error like:

ImportError: No module named dfs_sdk

Then you can install the Python-SDK manually via

$ pip install -U dfs_sdk

Here is an example to follow:

$ git clone
$ cd cinder-driver
$ rsync -a --exclude '' --exclude 'backup/' src/cinder/ /openstack/venvs/cinder-
$ service cinder-volume restart
$ source /openstack/venvs/cinder-
(cinder- $ pip install -U dfs_sdk
(cinder- $ pip freeze | grep sdk
(cinder- $ deactivate
$ ls -l /openstack/venvs/cinder- | grep dfs
drwxr-xr-x  5 root root   4096 May 30 20:21 dfs_sdk
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root     87 May 30 20:21 dfs_sdk-1.2.22.dist-info


The Datera Cinder Volume Driver once installed can be used to provision Cinder block volumes. There are several ways to do this in OpenStack, but a common way is detailed below.

Volume Creation (default volume type, size 5GB):

$ openstack volume create myvolume --size 5

Volume Deletion:

$ openstack volume delete myvolume

Volume Type Creation (volume replicas set to 2):

$ openstack volume type create mytype --property volume_backend_name=datera --property DF:replica_count=2

Volume Creation (Non-default type, size 10GB)

$ openstack volume create myvolume --size 10 --type mytype

Volume Snapshot Creation For Existing Volume myvolume

$ openstack volume snapshot create mysnap --volume myvolume

Volume Snapshot Deletion

$ openstack volume snapshot delete mysnap

Volume Creation From Existing Snapshot mysnap (specified size MUST be >= snapshot size, otherwise this fails)

$ openstack volume create myvolume2 --size 10 --snapshot mysnap

Volume Creation From Existing Volume myvolume (specified size MUST be >= original volume size, otherwise this fails)

$ openstack volume create myvolume2 --size 10 --volume mysnap

Retype A Datera Volume (The retype command is not supported in OpenStackClient, so CinderClient must be used)

$ openstack volume type create mynewtype --property volume_backend_name=datera --property DF:replica_count=4
$ cinder retype myvolume mynewtype --migration-policy never

Migrate A Volume From Ceph To Datera

$ openstack volume type create mydateratype --property volume_backend_name=datera --property DF:replica_count=4
$ cinder retype mycephvolume mydateratype --migration-policy on-demand

Datera Volume Driver Version History

Version History for Datera Volume Driver
Version Changes
2020.4.4.0 Version upstreamed to Cinder community for Ussuri release. Mostly CI changes.
2019.12.10.0 Python 3.x support, tox tests, CI ready, live migration support, image cache, bugfixes.
2019.6.4.1 Packaging as pip install, UT, CI related changes.
2019.2.25.0 Scalability fixes and utility script updates
2019.1.24.0 Python-SDK requirements update, README updates
2018.11.14.0 Bugfixes for v2.1 API support and unicode character support
2018.11.8.0 Fixing bug that broke 2.2.X support
2018.11.1.0 Added flash and hybrid capacity info to get_volume_stats
2018.10.30.0 Adding template_override support. Added datera_disable_template_override cfgOpt to disable this feature. Updated required requests version to >=2.20.0 because of a security vulnerability in <=2.19.X. Added support for filter_function and goodness_function.
2018.10.8.1 Adding thread_local to Python-SDK constructor call. This preserves trace_id in the logs
2018.10.8.0 Added extra_headers to Python-SDK constructor call. This allows for the SDK to send the type of driver performing each request along with the request. This functionality existed before the Python-SDK revamp, so this change adds the functionality back in.
2018.9.17.0 Readme and requirements.txt changes
2018.7.13.0 Massive update porting to use the Datera Python-SDK
2018.6.7.0 Bugfix for missing project_id during image clone
2018.5.18.0 Bugfix for None tenant handling
2018.5.1.0 Bugfix for Map tenant auto-creation
2018.4.27.0 Major driver revamp/restructure, no functionality change
2018.4.17.1 Bugfixes to IP Pools, Templates and Initiators
2018.4.5.0 Switch to new date-based versioning scheme. Removed v2 API support
2.9.2 Made ensure_export a no-op. Removed usage of initiator-groups
2.9.1 Added extended metadata attributes during volume creation and attachment. Added datera_disable_extended_metadata option to disable it.
2.9.0 Volumes now correctly renamed during backend migration. Implemented update_migrated_volume (API 2.1+ only)
2.8.7 Bugfix for missing tenancy calls in offline_flip
2.8.6 Added LDAP support and CHAP support
2.8.5 Membership check for fast image cloning. Metadata API pinning
2.8.4 Fixed missing API version pinning in _offline_flip
2.8.3 Bugfix for not allowing fast clones for shared/community volumes
2.8.2 Updated most retype operations to not detach volume
2.8.1 Bugfix for missing default dict during retype
2.8.0 LDAP Support
2.7.2 Allowing DF: QoS Spec prefix, QoS type leak bugfix
2.7.0 IOPS/GB and BW/GB settings, driver level overrides
2.6.1 Glance interoperability fix
2.6.0 Api 2.2 support
2.5.0 Glance Image Caching, retyping/QoS bugfixes
2.4.0 Fast Retype Support
2.3.2 Volume Placement, ACL multi-attach bugfix
2.3.1 Scalability bugfixes
2.3 Templates, Tenants, Snapshot Polling, 2.1 Api Version Support, Restructure
2.2 Capabilites List, Extended Volume-Type Support Naming convention change, Volume Manage/Unmanage support
2.1 Multipath, ACL and reorg
2.0 Update For Datera API v2
1.1 Look for lun-0 instead of lun-1.
1.0 Initial driver

Volume Driver Cinder.conf Options

Description of Datera volume driver configuration options
Configuration option = Default value Description
san_ip = None (String) The IP address of the Datera management interface (REQUIRED)
san_login = None (String) The username of the Datera account (REQUIRED)
san_password = None (String) The password of the Datera account (REQUIRED)
use_chap_auth = False (Bool) Set to True for CHAP authentication
chap_username = None (String) Username to use for CHAP authentication with ISCSI volumes
chap_password = None (String) Password to use for CHAP authentication with ISCSI volumes
driver_client_cert_key = None (String) The path to the client certificate key for verification, if the driver supports it.
datera_503_timeout = 120 (Int) Timeout for HTTP 503 retry messages
datera_503_interval = 5 (Int) Interval between 503 retries
datera_ldap_server = None (String) LDAP authentication server
datera_debug = False (Bool) True to set function arg and return logging
datera_debug_replica_count_override = False (Bool) True to set replica_count to 1
datera_tenant_id = None (String) If set to 'Map' --> OpenStack project ID will be mapped implicitly to Datera tenant ID. If set to 'None' --> Datera tenant ID will not be used during volume provisioning. If set to anything else --> Datera tenant ID will be the provided value
datera_disable_profiler = False (Bool) Set to True to disable profiling in the Datera driver
datera_volume_type_defaults = None (Dict) Settings here will be used as volume-type defaults if the volume-type setting is not provided. This can be used, for example, to set a very low total_iops_max value if none is specified in the volume-type to prevent accidental overusage. Options are specified via the following format, WITHOUT ANY 'DF:' PREFIX: 'datera_volume_type_defaults= iops_per_gb:100,bandwidth_per_gb:200...etc'
datera_enable_image_cache = False (Bool) Set to True to enable Datera backend image caching
datera_image_cache_volume_type_id = None (String) Cinder volume type id to use for cached images

Volume-Type ExtraSpecs

Description of Datera volume-type extra specs
Configuration option = Default value Description
DF:replica_count = 3 (Int) Specifies number of replicas for each volume. Can only increase, never decrease after volume creation
DF:round_robin = False (Bool) True to round robin the provided portals for a target
DF:placement_policy = hybrid (Bool) True to set acl 'allow_all' on volume created. Cannot be changed on volume once set
DF:ip_pool = default (String) Specifies IP pool to use for volume
DF:template = "" (String) Specifies Datera Template to use for volume provisioning
DF:default_storage_name = storage-1 (String) The name to use for storage instances created
DF:default_volume_name = volume-1 (String) The name to use for volumes created
DF:read_bandwidth_max = 0 (Int) Max read bandwidth setting for volume QoS. Use 0 for unlimited
DF:write_bandwidth_max = 0 (Int) Max write bandwidth setting for volume QoS. Use 0 for unlimited
DF:total_bandwidth_max = 0 (Int) Total write bandwidth setting for volume QoS. Use 0 for unlimited
DF:read_iops_max = 0 (Int) Max read IOPS setting for volume QoS. Use 0 for unlimited
DF:write_iops_max = 0 (Int) Max write IOPS setting for volume QoS. Use 0 for unlimited
DF:total_iops_max = 0 (Int) Total write IOPS setting for volume QoS. Use 0 for unlimited
DF:iops_per_gb = 0 (Int) IOPS per GB of data allocated for the volume. If this value exceeds the total_max_iops value, the total_max_iops will be used instead
DF:bandwidth_per_gb = 0 (Int) Bandwidth (KB/s) per GB of data allocated for the volume. If this value exceeds the total_max_bandwidth value, the total_max_bandwidth will be used instead

Collecting Logs for OpenStack Cinder

If for some reason there is a problem with the OpenStack Cinder driver. You MUST collect the cinder-volume service logs. Without logs, debugging issues is significantly more difficult.

The location of the cinder-volume logs varies between installations but here are a few places to check:

  • /var/log/cinder
  • /opt/stack/cinder
  • journalctl -u cinder-volume

These places are usually only valid on the controller node running the cinder-volume service

If they're not in any of the above places you will have to look into where the service is saving logs. Often they will be inside a container for the service.

Building the PyPI package

Run the following to build the packages (if uploading, ensure the version is incremented in

python sdist bdist_wheel

Then to upload the package to PyPI (this step requires valid PyPI credentials)

twine upload dist/*

You can perform a test upload by running. This requires credentials on the test PyPI server

twine upload --repository-url dist/*

Datera Cinder Backup Version History

Datera Backup Driver Versions
Version Changes
1.0 Initial driver

Backup Driver Cinder.conf Options

Description of Datera backup driver configuration options
Configuration option = Default value Description
backup_datera_san_ip = None (Required) (String) Datera EDF Mgmt IP
backup_datera_san_login = None (Required) (String) Datera EDF Username
backup_datera_san_password = None (Required) (String) Datera EDF Password
backup_datera_tenant_id = /root (Required) (String) Datera EDF Tenant
backup_datera_chunk_size = 1 (Int) Total chunk size (in GB, min 1 GB) to use for backup
backup_datera_progress_timer = False (Bool) Enable progress timer for backup
backup_datera_replica_count = 3 (Int) Number of replicas for each backup container
backup_datera_placement_mode = hybrid (String) Options: hybrid, single_flash, all_flash
backup_datera_api_port = 7717 (String) Datera EDF API port
backup_datera_secondary_backup_drivers = [] (List) Secondary backup drivers for the Datera EDF driver to manage

Backup Driver Dispatching/Multiplexing

As of backup driver version 1.0.1 we allow for managing multiple secondary backup driver backends. Vanilla Cinder supports only a single backup driver backend in an OpenStack cluster. We've added backup driver dispatching to the Datera EDF backup driver to allow for multiple backup driver backends to be used along side the Datera EDF backup driver backend.

To utilize this function, set the following in your cinder.conf:

backup_datera_secondary_backup_drivers = your.backup.driver.module

If you wanted to use Ceph, you would set this to:

backup_datera_secondary_backup_drivers = cinder.backup.drivers.ceph

You would then use the following naming convention to select which backend you want to store the backup on:

openstack volume backup create your_volume --name <driver_module>_you_backup_name

Where <driver_module> is replaced by the module of the driver you want to use. In the case of Ceph it would be "ceph". Example:

openstack volume backup create hadoop1 --name ceph_hadoop1_backup

If no name is specified the Datera EDF driver will be used, but you can also use the following to manually specify the Datera EDF backup driver:

openstack volume backup create cassandra1 --name datera_cassandra1_backup


Datera Elastic Data Fabric Cinder Volume Driver Repository




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