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Microsoft Azure Cloud Provider Shell 2G

Release date: August 2020

Shell version: 2.1.0

Document version: 2.0

In This Guide

Overview

A shell integrates a device model, application or other technology with CloudShell. A shell consists of a data model that defines how the device and its properties are modeled in CloudShell, along with automation that enables interaction with the device via CloudShell.

Cloud Provider Shells

CloudShell Cloud Providers shells provide L2 or L3 connectivity between resources and/or Apps.

Microsoft Azure Cloud Provider Shell 2G

Microsoft Azure Cloud Provider Shell 2G provides you with apps deployment and management capabilities.

For more information on the device, see the vendor's official product documentation.

Standard version

Microsoft Azure Cloud Provider Shell 2G is based on the Cloud Provider Standard version 1.0.0.

For detailed information about the shell’s structure and attributes, see the Cloud Provider Standard in GitHub.

Requirements

Release: Microsoft Azure Cloud Provider Shell 2G

CloudShell version 9.3 and above

Note: If your CloudShell version does not support this shell, you should consider upgrading to a later version of CloudShell or contact customer support.

Data Model

The shell's data model includes all shell metadata, families, and attributes.

Microsoft Azure Cloud Provider Shell 2G Attributes

The attribute names and types are listed in the following section of the Cloud Provider Shell Standard:

Common Cloud Provider Attributes

The following table describes attributes that are unique to this shell and are not documented in the Shell Standard:

Attribute Name Data Type Description
Region String The Azure region to be used by this cloud provider resource. For example, "East US".
VM Size String The Microsoft Azure VM Size. The VM Size determines the CPU, memory, disk size and networking capacity of the VM. For example: “Standard_A1_v2”
Networks in Use String Comma-separated list of CIDRs to be excluded when allocating sandbox networks. The value must include at least the CloudShell Management VNet. For example, 10.0.0.0/24,10.1.0.0/16,172.31.0.0/24
Azure Subscription ID String The Subscription ID of the Azure user
Azure Tenant ID String The Azure Tenant Id that is associated with your Azure Active Directory (AAD) instance. For example: ccd13026-98e3-4e90-01f4-28e2afdf3213. The Tenant ID is created for the Active Directory and can be retrieved when creating the Azure API web application or retrieved from Azure CLI
Azure Application ID String Application Id associated with the Azure API application. The application ID allows CloudShell to access the Azure API and is generated as part of the web application’s configuration process
Azure Application Key Password Application key associated with the Azure API application. The application key allows CloudShell to access the Azure API and is generated as part of the Azure application’s configuration process
Management Group Name String The name of the Management Resource Group
Sandbox Virtual Network Name String Sandbox VNet name. VNet in which the sandbox subnets will reside. Notes:In dedicated mode, the sandbox subnet will be created in this VNet. In predefined mode, you must make sure the subnet to be used is located within this VNet.
Management Virtual Network Name String (Optional) Management VNet name. Used to store management network security rules
Additional Mgmt Networks String Networks to be allowed to interact with all sandboxes. This is used for allowing connectivity to Azure resources outside the CloudShell Management VNet that should be available to CloudShell sandboxes. The syntax is comma separated CIDRs.
Custom Tags string Semi-colon separated list of up to 9 tags to be applied to all related Azure objects created during the App deployment, such as the sandbox's resource group, VNETs, subnets, NSGs and VMs. Attribute supports the following syntax: [TagName]=[TagValue]; [TagName]=[TagValue]. For example: “Tag1=Val1;Tag2=Val2”.
Private IP Allocation Method String Defines the method that will be used to allocated private IP addresses to VMs. When Cloudshell Allocation method is selected the Azure-Shell will use the CloudShell Pool API to checkout the next available IP address when needed. When the instance is deleted the checked out IP addresses will be released. When Azure Allocation method is selected the private ips will be assigned by Azure when creating the network interface.
Execution Server Selector String This attribute points to a pre-defined group of execution servers (grouped by a common Execution Server Selector value). To make the association, enter the same value you specified on the execution server.

Automation

This section describes the automation (driver) associated with the data model. The shell’s driver is provided as part of the shell package. There are two types of automation processes, Autoload and Resource. Autoload is executed when creating the resource in the Inventory dashboard.

For detailed information on each available commands, see the following section of the Cloud Provider Standard:

Common Cloud Provider Commands

Azure Integration Process

In order to integrate CloudShell with Azure, you need to first deploy the CloudShell management and sandbox VNets on your Azure region. This is done using Azure templates that define the management and sandbox VNets, the connection to your Quali Server and more. Additional steps are required, such as configuring the integration's management VMs and creating App templates which include the definition of the VMs, images and configuration management to be performed on the deployed VMs. For details, see CloudShell Help's Azure Integration chapter.

Downloading the Shell

The Microsoft Azure Cloud Provider Shell 2G shell is available from the Quali Community Integrations page.

Download the files into a temporary location on your local machine.

The shell comprises:

File name Description
Microsoft.Azure.Cloud.Provider.Shell.2G.zip Device shell package
cloudshell-Microsoft-Azure-Cloud-Provider-Shell-2G-dependencies-win32-package-2.1.0.zip,cloudshell-Microsoft-Azure-Cloud-Provider-Shell-2G-dependencies-linux-package-2.1.0.zip Shell Python dependencies (for offline deployments only)
Azure.Subnet.zip Service package for connecting to predefined subnets

Importing and Configuring the Shell

This section describes how to import the Microsoft Azure Cloud Provider Shell 2G shell and configure and modify the shell’s devices.

Importing the shell into CloudShell

To import the shell into CloudShell:

  1. Make sure you have the shell’s zip package. If not, download the shell from the Quali Community's Integrations page.

  2. In CloudShell Portal, as Global administrator, open the Manage – Shells page.

  3. Click Import.

  4. In the dialog box, navigate to the shell's zip package, select it and click Open.

    The shell is displayed in the Shells page and can be used by domain administrators in all CloudShell domains to create new inventory resources, as explained in Adding Inventory Resources.

Offline installation of a shell

Note: Offline installation instructions are relevant only if CloudShell Execution Server has no access to PyPi. You can skip this section if your execution server has access to PyPi. For additional information, see the online help topic on offline dependencies.

In offline mode, import the shell into CloudShell and place any dependencies in the appropriate dependencies folder. The dependencies folder may differ, depending on the CloudShell version you are using:

Adding shell and script packages to the local PyPi Server repository

If your Quali Server and/or execution servers work offline, you will need to copy all required Python packages, including the out-of-the-box ones, to the PyPi Server's repository on the Quali Server computer (by default C:\Program Files (x86)\QualiSystems\CloudShell\Server\Config\Pypi Server Repository).

For more information, see Configuring CloudShell to Execute Python Commands in Offline Mode.

To add Python packages to the local PyPi Server repository:

  1. If you haven't created and configured the local PyPi Server repository to work with the execution server, perform the steps in Add Python packages to the local PyPi Server repository (offline mode).

  2. For each shell or script you add into CloudShell, do one of the following (from an online computer):

    • Connect to the Internet and download each dependency specified in the requirements.txt file with the following command: pip download -r requirements.txt. The shell or script's requirements are downloaded as zip files.

    • In the Quali Community's Integrations page, locate the shell and click the shell's Download link. In the page that is displayed, from the Downloads area, extract the dependencies package zip file.

  3. Place these zip files in the local PyPi Server repository.

Configuring a new resource

This section explains how to create a new resource from the shell.

In CloudShell, the component that models the device is called a resource. It is based on the shell that models the device and allows the CloudShell user and API to remotely control the device from CloudShell.

You can also modify existing resources, see Managing Resources in the Inventory.

To create a resource for the device:

  1. In the CloudShell Portal, in the Inventory dashboard, click Add New. Image

  2. From the list, select Microsoft Azure Cloud Provider Shell 2G.

  3. Click Create.

  4. In the Resource dialog box, enter the following mandatory attributes with data from step 1:

    • Region - Paste here the public cloud region to be used
    • Azure Application ID - Paste here your Azure Application ID
    • Azure Application Key - Paste here your Azure Application Key
    • Azure Subscription ID - Paste here your Azure Subscription ID
    • Azure Tenant ID - Paste here your Azure Tenant ID
    • VM Size - Paste here default VM Size for the VMs
    • Sandbox Virtual Network Name - VNet in which the sandbox subnets will reside.
    • Management Group Name - Paste here the name of the Management Resource Group
  5. Click Continue.

CloudShell validates provided settings and creates the new resource.

Microsoft Azure Cloud Provider Shell 2G requires you to create an appropriate App template, which would be deployed as part of the sandbox reservation. For details, see the following CloudShell Help article: Applications' Typical Workflow

Updating Python Dependencies for Shells

This section explains how to update your Python dependencies folder. This is required when you upgrade a shell that uses new/updated dependencies. It applies to both online and offline dependencies.

Updating offline Python dependencies

To update offline Python dependencies:

  1. Download the latest Python dependencies package zip file locally.

  2. Extract the zip file to the suitable offline package folder(s).

  3. Terminate the shell’s instance, as explained here.

Updating online Python dependencies

In online mode, the execution server automatically downloads and extracts the appropriate dependencies file to the online Python dependencies repository every time a new instance of the driver or script is created.

To update online Python dependencies:

  • If there is a live instance of the shell's driver or script, terminate the shell’s instance, as explained here. If an instance does not exist, the execution server will download the Python dependencies the next time a command of the driver or script runs.

Typical Workflows

Connecting Azure Apps to predefined subnets

Using the Azure 2nd Gen shell, it is possible to connect Azure Apps to subnets residing in the Sandbox VNet.

To connect Azure Apps to a predefined subnet:

  1. Download the Azure.Subnet.zip from the Azure 2nd Gen shell's Integrations page.
  2. Import the ZIP file into CloudShell Portal.
  3. Open the blueprint or sandbox.
  4. From the App / Service pane, drag the new Azure Subnet service into the diagram.
  5. Set the following details on the service:
    • Public: Subnet's privacy policy - Public to enable connections to the subnet's VMs from outside the subnet or Private.
    • Subnet Name: The name of the subnet, as displayed in the Subnets blade on Azure.
  6. Click Add.
  7. Deploy the connection(s), as appropriate.
    The connection is created like with any other VLAN service. This includes by deploying the App, connecting the purple Connector line if the App is already deployed, and reserving the blueprint.

References

To download and share integrations, see Quali Community's Integrations.

For instructional training and documentation, see Quali University.

To suggest an idea for the product, see Quali's Idea box.

To connect with Quali users and experts from around the world, ask questions and discuss issues, see Quali's Community forums.

Release Notes

What's New

For release updates, see the shell's GitHub releases page.