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from io import BytesIO
import pickle
from rdflib.events import Dispatcher, Event
"""
============
rdflib.store
============
Types of store
--------------
``Context-aware``: An RDF store capable of storing statements within contexts
is considered context-aware. Essentially, such a store is able to partition
the RDF model it represents into individual, named, and addressable
sub-graphs.
Relevant Notation3 reference regarding formulae, quoted statements, and such:
http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/Notation3.html
``Formula-aware``: An RDF store capable of distinguishing between statements
that are asserted and statements that are quoted is considered formula-aware.
``Transaction-capable``: capable of providing transactional integrity to the
RDF operations performed on it.
``Graph-aware``: capable of keeping track of empty graphs.
------
"""
# Constants representing the state of a Store (returned by the open method)
VALID_STORE = 1
CORRUPTED_STORE = 0
NO_STORE = -1
UNKNOWN = None
Pickler = pickle.Pickler
Unpickler = pickle.Unpickler
UnpicklingError = pickle.UnpicklingError
__all__ = [
"StoreCreatedEvent",
"TripleAddedEvent",
"TripleRemovedEvent",
"NodePickler",
"Store",
]
class StoreCreatedEvent(Event):
"""
This event is fired when the Store is created, it has the following
attribute:
- ``configuration``: string used to create the store
"""
class TripleAddedEvent(Event):
"""
This event is fired when a triple is added, it has the following
attributes:
- the ``triple`` added to the graph
- the ``context`` of the triple, if any
- the ``graph`` to which the triple was added
"""
class TripleRemovedEvent(Event):
"""
This event is fired when a triple is removed, it has the following
attributes:
- the ``triple`` removed from the graph
- the ``context`` of the triple, if any
- the ``graph`` from which the triple was removed
"""
class NodePickler(object):
def __init__(self):
self._objects = {}
self._ids = {}
self._get_object = self._objects.__getitem__
def _get_ids(self, key):
try:
return self._ids.get(key)
except TypeError:
return None
def register(self, object, id):
self._objects[id] = object
self._ids[object] = id
def loads(self, s):
up = Unpickler(BytesIO(s))
up.persistent_load = self._get_object
try:
return up.load()
except KeyError as e:
raise UnpicklingError("Could not find Node class for %s" % e)
def dumps(self, obj, protocol=None, bin=None):
src = BytesIO()
p = Pickler(src)
p.persistent_id = self._get_ids
p.dump(obj)
return src.getvalue()
def __getstate__(self):
state = self.__dict__.copy()
del state["_get_object"]
state.update(
{"_ids": tuple(self._ids.items()), "_objects": tuple(self._objects.items())}
)
return state
def __setstate__(self, state):
self.__dict__.update(state)
self._ids = dict(self._ids)
self._objects = dict(self._objects)
self._get_object = self._objects.__getitem__
class Store(object):
# Properties
context_aware = False
formula_aware = False
transaction_aware = False
graph_aware = False
def __init__(self, configuration=None, identifier=None):
"""
identifier: URIRef of the Store. Defaults to CWD
configuration: string containing infomation open can use to
connect to datastore.
"""
self.__node_pickler = None
self.dispatcher = Dispatcher()
if configuration:
self.open(configuration)
def __get_node_pickler(self):
if self.__node_pickler is None:
from rdflib.term import URIRef
from rdflib.term import BNode
from rdflib.term import Literal
from rdflib.graph import Graph, QuotedGraph
from rdflib.term import Variable
from rdflib.term import Statement
self.__node_pickler = np = NodePickler()
np.register(self, "S")
np.register(URIRef, "U")
np.register(BNode, "B")
np.register(Literal, "L")
np.register(Graph, "G")
np.register(QuotedGraph, "Q")
np.register(Variable, "V")
np.register(Statement, "s")
return self.__node_pickler
node_pickler = property(__get_node_pickler)
# Database management methods
def create(self, configuration):
self.dispatcher.dispatch(StoreCreatedEvent(configuration=configuration))
def open(self, configuration, create=False):
"""
Opens the store specified by the configuration string. If
create is True a store will be created if it does not already
exist. If create is False and a store does not already exist
an exception is raised. An exception is also raised if a store
exists, but there is insufficient permissions to open the
store. This should return one of:
VALID_STORE, CORRUPTED_STORE, or NO_STORE
"""
return UNKNOWN
def close(self, commit_pending_transaction=False):
"""
This closes the database connection. The commit_pending_transaction
parameter specifies whether to commit all pending transactions before
closing (if the store is transactional).
"""
def destroy(self, configuration):
"""
This destroys the instance of the store identified by the
configuration string.
"""
def gc(self):
"""
Allows the store to perform any needed garbage collection
"""
pass
# RDF APIs
def add(self, triple, context, quoted=False):
"""
Adds the given statement to a specific context or to the model. The
quoted argument is interpreted by formula-aware stores to indicate
this statement is quoted/hypothetical It should be an error to not
specify a context and have the quoted argument be True. It should also
be an error for the quoted argument to be True when the store is not
formula-aware.
"""
self.dispatcher.dispatch(TripleAddedEvent(triple=triple, context=context))
def addN(self, quads):
"""
Adds each item in the list of statements to a specific context. The
quoted argument is interpreted by formula-aware stores to indicate this
statement is quoted/hypothetical. Note that the default implementation
is a redirect to add
"""
for s, p, o, c in quads:
assert c is not None, "Context associated with %s %s %s is None!" % (
s,
p,
o,
)
self.add((s, p, o), c)
def remove(self, triple, context=None):
"""Remove the set of triples matching the pattern from the store"""
self.dispatcher.dispatch(TripleRemovedEvent(triple=triple, context=context))
def triples_choices(self, triple, context=None):
"""
A variant of triples that can take a list of terms instead of a single
term in any slot. Stores can implement this to optimize the response
time from the default 'fallback' implementation, which will iterate
over each term in the list and dispatch to triples
"""
subject, predicate, object_ = triple
if isinstance(object_, list):
assert not isinstance(subject, list), "object_ / subject are both lists"
assert not isinstance(predicate, list), "object_ / predicate are both lists"
if object_:
for obj in object_:
for (s1, p1, o1), cg in self.triples(
(subject, predicate, obj), context
):
yield (s1, p1, o1), cg
else:
for (s1, p1, o1), cg in self.triples(
(subject, predicate, None), context
):
yield (s1, p1, o1), cg
elif isinstance(subject, list):
assert not isinstance(predicate, list), "subject / predicate are both lists"
if subject:
for subj in subject:
for (s1, p1, o1), cg in self.triples(
(subj, predicate, object_), context
):
yield (s1, p1, o1), cg
else:
for (s1, p1, o1), cg in self.triples(
(None, predicate, object_), context
):
yield (s1, p1, o1), cg
elif isinstance(predicate, list):
assert not isinstance(subject, list), "predicate / subject are both lists"
if predicate:
for pred in predicate:
for (s1, p1, o1), cg in self.triples(
(subject, pred, object_), context
):
yield (s1, p1, o1), cg
else:
for (s1, p1, o1), cg in self.triples((subject, None, object_), context):
yield (s1, p1, o1), cg
def triples(self, triple_pattern, context=None):
"""
A generator over all the triples matching the pattern. Pattern can
include any objects for used for comparing against nodes in the store,
for example, REGEXTerm, URIRef, Literal, BNode, Variable, Graph,
QuotedGraph, Date? DateRange?
:param context: A conjunctive query can be indicated by either
providing a value of None, or a specific context can be
queries by passing a Graph instance (if store is context aware).
"""
subject, predicate, object = triple_pattern
# variants of triples will be done if / when optimization is needed
def __len__(self, context=None):
"""
Number of statements in the store. This should only account for non-
quoted (asserted) statements if the context is not specified,
otherwise it should return the number of statements in the formula or
context given.
:param context: a graph instance to query or None
"""
def contexts(self, triple=None):
"""
Generator over all contexts in the graph. If triple is specified,
a generator over all contexts the triple is in.
if store is graph_aware, may also return empty contexts
:returns: a generator over Nodes
"""
def query(self, query, initNs, initBindings, queryGraph, **kwargs):
"""
If stores provide their own SPARQL implementation, override this.
queryGraph is None, a URIRef or '__UNION__'
If None the graph is specified in the query-string/object
If URIRef it specifies the graph to query,
If '__UNION__' the union of all named graphs should be queried
(This is used by ConjunctiveGraphs
Values other than None obviously only makes sense for
context-aware stores.)
"""
raise NotImplementedError
def update(self, update, initNs, initBindings, queryGraph, **kwargs):
"""
If stores provide their own (SPARQL) Update implementation,
override this.
queryGraph is None, a URIRef or '__UNION__'
If None the graph is specified in the query-string/object
If URIRef it specifies the graph to query,
If '__UNION__' the union of all named graphs should be queried
(This is used by ConjunctiveGraphs
Values other than None obviously only makes sense for
context-aware stores.)
"""
raise NotImplementedError
# Optional Namespace methods
def bind(self, prefix, namespace):
""" """
def prefix(self, namespace):
""" """
def namespace(self, prefix):
""" """
def namespaces(self):
""" """
# Optional Transactional methods
def commit(self):
""" """
def rollback(self):
""" """
# Optional graph methods
def add_graph(self, graph):
"""
Add a graph to the store, no effect if the graph already
exists.
:param graph: a Graph instance
"""
raise Exception("Graph method called on non-graph_aware store")
def remove_graph(self, graph):
"""
Remove a graph from the store, this shoud also remove all
triples in the graph
:param graphid: a Graph instance
"""
raise Exception("Graph method called on non-graph_aware store")