Linux service to collect and transfer Xiaomi Mi Flora plant sensor data via MQTT, with mass-cluster support šŸŒ±šŸŒ¼šŸ„€šŸ”šŸŒ³
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README.md

Xiaomi Mi Flora Plant Sensor MQTT Client/Daemon

A simple Linux python script to query arbitrary Mi Flora plant sensor devices and send the data to an MQTT broker, e.g., the famous Eclipse Mosquitto. After data made the hop to the MQTT broker it can be used by home automation software, like openHAB or Home Assistant.

Demo gif for command line execution

The program can be executed in daemon mode to run continuously in the background, e.g., as a systemd service.

About Mi Flora

  • Xiaomi Mi Flora sensors (e.g. 12-17ā‚¬) are meant to keep your plants alive by monitoring soil moisture, soil conductivity and light conditions
  • The sensor uses Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) and has a rather limited range
  • A coin cell battery is used as power source, which should last between 1.5 to 2 years under normal conditions
  • Food for thought: The sensor can also be used for other things than plants, like in the fridge or as door and blind sensor

Features

  • Tested with Mi Flora firmware v2.6.2, v2.6.4, v2.6.6, v3.1.4, others anticipated
  • Build on top of open-homeautomation/miflora
  • Highly configurable
  • Data publication via MQTT
  • Configurable topic and payload:
  • Announcement messages to support auto-discovery services
  • MQTT authentication support
  • No special/root privileges needed
  • Daemon mode (default)
  • Systemd service, sd_notify messages generated
  • MQTT-less mode, printing data directly to stdout/file
  • Automatic generation of openHAB items and rules
  • Reliable and intuitive
  • Tested on Raspberry Pi 3 and Raspberry Pi 0W

Promotional image

Readings

The Mi Flora sensor offers the following plant and soil readings:

Name Description
temperature Air temperature, in [Ā°C] (0.1Ā°C resolution)
light Sunlight intensity, in [lux]
moisture Soil moisture, in [%]
conductivity Soil fertility, in [ĀµS/cm]
battery Sensor battery level, in [%]

Prerequisites

An MQTT broker is needed as the counterpart for this daemon. Even though an MQTT-less mode is provided, it is not recommended for normal smart home automation integration. MQTT is huge help in connecting different parts of your smart home and setting up of a broker is quick and easy.

Installation

On a modern Linux system just a few steps are needed to get the daemon working. The following example shows the installation under Debian/Raspbian below the /opt directory:

sudo apt install git python3 python3-pip bluetooth bluez

git clone https://github.com/ThomDietrich/miflora-mqtt-daemon.git /opt/miflora-mqtt-daemon

cd /opt/miflora-mqtt-daemon
sudo pip3 install -r requirements.txt

The daemon depends on gatttool, an external tool provided by the package bluez installed just now. Make sure gatttool is available on your system by executing the command once:

gatttool --help

Configuration

To match personal needs, all operation details can be configured using the file config.ini. The file needs to be created first:

cp /opt/miflora-mqtt-daemon/config.{ini.dist,ini}
vim /opt/miflora-mqtt-daemon/config.ini

Attention: You need to add at least one sensor to the configuration. Scan for available Mi Flora sensors in your proximity with the command:

sudo hcitool lescan

Interfacing your Mi Flora sensor with this program is harmless. The device will not be modified and will still work with the official Xiaomi app.

Execution

A first test run is as easy as:

python3 /opt/miflora-mqtt-daemon/miflora-mqtt-daemon.py

With a correct configuration the result should look similar to the the screencap above. Pay attention to communication errors due to distance related weak BLE connections.

Using the command line argument --config, a directory where to read the config.ini file from can be specified, e.g.

python3 /opt/miflora-mqtt-daemon/miflora-mqtt-daemon.py --config /opt/miflora-config

The extensive output can be reduced to error messages:

python3 /opt/miflora-mqtt-daemon/miflora-mqtt-daemon.py > /dev/null

Continuous Daemon/Service

You most probably want to execute the program continuously in the background. This can be done either by using the internal daemon or cron.

Attention: Daemon mode must be enabled in the configuration file (default).

  1. Systemd service - on systemd powered systems the recommended option

    sudo cp /opt/miflora-mqtt-daemon/template.service /etc/systemd/system/miflora.service
    
    sudo systemctl daemon-reload
    
    sudo systemctl start miflora.service
    sudo systemctl status miflora.service
    
    sudo systemctl enable miflora.service
  2. Screen Shell - Run the program inside a screen shell:

    screen -S miflora-mqtt-daemon -d -m python3 /path/to/miflora-mqtt-daemon.py

Usage with Docker

A Dockerfile in the repository can be used to build a docker container from the sources with a command such as:

docker build -t miflora-mqtt-daemon .

Running the container in interactive mode works like this:

docker run -it --name miflora-mqtt-daemon -v .:/config miflora-mqtt-daemon

To run the container in daemon mode use -d flag:

docker run -d --name miflora-mqtt-daemon -v .:/config miflora-mqtt-daemon

The /config volume can be used to provide a directory on the host which contains your config.ini file (e.g. the . in the above example could represent /opt/miflora-mqtt-daemon). You may need to tweak the network settings (e.g. --network host) for Docker depending on how your system is set up.

Integration

In the "mqtt-json" reporting mode, data will be published to the MQTT broker topic "miflora/sensorname" (e.g. miflora/petunia, names configurable). An example:

{"light": 5424, "moisture": 30, "temperature": 21.4, "conductivity": 1020, "battery": 100}

This data can be subscribed to and processed by other applications, like openHAB.

Enjoy!

openHAB

To make further processing of the sensor readings as easy as possible, the program has an integrated generator for openHAB Items definitions. To generate a complete listing of Items, which you can then copy and adapt to your openHAB setup, execute:

python3 /opt/miflora-mqtt-daemon/miflora-mqtt-daemon.py --gen-openhab

The following code snippet shows a simple example of how a Mi Flora openHAB Items file could look like for the above example:

// miflora.items

// Mi Flora specific groups
Group gBattery "Mi Flora sensor battery level elements" (gAll)
Group gTemperature "Mi Flora air temperature elements" (gAll)
Group gMoisture "Mi Flora soil moisture elements" (gAll)
Group gConductivity "Mi Flora soil conductivity/fertility elements" (gAll)
Group gLight "Mi Flora sunlight intensity elements" (gAll)

// Mi Flora "Big Blue Petunia" (C4:7C:8D:60:DC:E6)
Number Balcony_Petunia_Battery "Balcony Petunia Sensor Battery Level [%d %%]" <text> (gBalcony, gBattery) {mqtt="<[broker:miflora/petunia:state:JSONPATH($.battery)]"}
Number Balcony_Petunia_Temperature "Balcony Petunia Air Temperature [%.1f Ā°C]" <text> (gBalcony, gTemperature) {mqtt="<[broker:miflora/petunia:state:JSONPATH($.temperature)]"}
Number Balcony_Petunia_Moisture "Balcony Petunia Soil Moisture [%d %%]" <text> (gBalcony, gMoisture) {mqtt="<[broker:miflora/petunia:state:JSONPATH($.moisture)]"}
Number Balcony_Petunia_Conductivity "Balcony Petunia Soil Conductivity/Fertility [%d ĀµS/cm]" <text> (gBalcony, gConductivity) {mqtt="<[broker:miflora/petunia:state:JSONPATH($.conductivity)]"}
Number Balcony_Petunia_Light "Balcony Petunia Sunlight Intensity [%d lux]" <text> (gBalcony, gLight) {mqtt="<[broker:miflora/petunia:state:JSONPATH($.light)]"}

Disclaimer and Legal

Xiaomi and Mi Flora are registered trademarks of BEIJING XIAOMI TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

This project is a community project not for commercial use. The authors will not be held responsible in the event of device failure or withered plants.

This project is in no way affiliated with, authorized, maintained, sponsored or endorsed by Xiaomi or any of its affiliates or subsidiaries.