multipy -- Install multiple Python versions locally
multipy is a shell utility that helps you install and manage multiple local Python installations. It downloads source tarballs for the newest version of any Python X.Y, compiles the source, and installs everything under a single directory hierarchy. By default, the install location is ~/multipy.
multipy is a single shell script. It requires a POSIX compliant shell, wget, tar and gzip to download and extract source tarballs, and a compiler, development headers and libraries to compile Python. No existing Python installation is required. multipy should work on any Unix-like system that Python can be compiled on.
Python versions 2.4 and up can be installed (including all 3.x releases).
Install Python 2.7.6 and 3.3.4:
$ multipy install 2.7.6 3.3.4
Install the latest release of Python 2.6:
$ multipy install 2.6
Install all latest releases of all supported Python versions (2.4 and up):
$ multipy install all
List installed Python versions:
$ multipy list
Remove Python 2.7.6:
$ multipy remove 2.7.6
Use a custom installation directory:
$ multipy -b /path/to/somewhere install 3.2
Tweak PATH to "activate" the local Python 2.5.6:
$ . $(multipy activate 2.5.6)
After this, e.g. python and easy_install can be used without an absolute path. To leave this mode, use deactivate.
Show the directory where Python 3.1.5 has been installed:
$ multipy path 3.1.5 /home/you/multipy/pythons/3.1.5
$ multipy -h
Here's a list of supported command line options:
-b BASEDIR The base directory [default: ~/multipy] -k Keep temporary files and logs after installation -n Don't install setuptools -j N Compile with N jobs in parallel [default: number of CPUs]
Upon startup, multipy tries to source ~/.multipyrc and ~/.config/multipyrc. The following variables can be assigned in these files:
Variable: Command-line option: basedir=BASEDIR -b BASEDIR keep_tmp=1 -k no_setuptools=1 -n no_distribute=1 -n (for backwards compatibility) jobs=2 -j 2
Under the hood
By default, the top directory of the multipy is basedir=$HOME/multipy. This can be changed with the -b option or in the config files discussed in the last section.
When Python X.Y[.Z] is installed, the following things happen:
- If Z is not specified the newest released X.Y is figured out. For example, when writing this, the newest version of Python 2.7 is 2.7.6, so Z is set to 6.
- The source tarball of Python X.Y.Z is downloaded to $basedir/sources.
- The source is then extracted to a temporary directory under $basedir/tmp and compiled. The result is installed to $basedir/pythons/X.Y.Z/. This is the standard configure, make, make install procedure.
- The newest release of setuptools is downloaded to $basedir/sources (if not already there). It's extracted to a directory under $basedir/tmp and python setup.py install is run with the Python version that was installed in the previous step. (This step can be skipped using the -n option.)
- An activate script is installed to the bin/ directory of the Python installation.
- Finally, $basedir/tmp is removed (this can be disabled with the -k option).
If anything goes wrong, $basedir/tmp is left in place, and logs of each step are available as $basedir/tmp/*.log.
The source tarballs are left in the $basedir/sources directory for future use, but you can safely remove them if you want to free up some disk space.
Copyright (C) 2011-2014 Petri Lehtinen. Licensed under the MIT license.