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README.markdown

ruck: a port of ChucK's strong timing to Ruby!

ruck lets you create virtual timelines on which you can precisely time the execution of events.

This is accomplished using Shred, Clock, and Shreduler:

  • Shred: a resumable Proc (a Fiber wrapper on 1.9)
  • Clock: manages objects on a timeline
  • Shreduler: executes Shreds on time by managing them with a Clock

Here's an example of how to use Shred:

shred = Ruck::Shred.new do
  puts "A"
  Ruck::Shred.current.pause
  puts "B"
  Ruck::Shred.current.pause
  puts "C"
end

shred.call
shred.call
shred.call

# prints:
# A
# B
# C

Here's how Clock works:

clock = Ruck::Clock.new

clock.schedule("C", 3)
clock.schedule("B", 2)
clock.schedule("A", 1)

3.times do
  letter, time = clock.unschedule_next
  puts "#{letter} @ #{time}"
end

# prints:
# A @ 1.0
# B @ 2.0
# C @ 3.0

Here's how these two are combined with Shreduler:

@shreduler = Ruck::Shreduler.new

@shreduler.shredule(Ruck::Shred.new do
  %w{ A B C D E }.each do |letter|
    puts "#{letter}"
    @shreduler.shredule(Ruck::Shred.current, @shreduler.now + 1)
    Ruck::Shred.current.pause
  end
end)

@shreduler.shredule(Ruck::Shred.new do
  %w{ 1 2 3 4 5 }.each do |number|
    puts "#{number}"
    @shreduler.shredule(Ruck::Shred.current, @shreduler.now + 1)
    Ruck::Shred.current.pause
  end
end)

@shreduler.run

# prints
# A
# 1
# B
# 2
# C
# 3
# D
# 4
# E
# 5

Though this is somewhat inconvenient to use, so when you're using just one global Shreduler, you can call Shreduler#make_convenient, which adds useful methods to Object and Shred so that you can write the above example more concisely:

@shreduler = Ruck::Shreduler.new
@shreduler.make_convenient

spork do
  %w{ A B C D E }.each do |letter|
    puts "#{letter}"
    Ruck::Shred.yield(1)
  end
end

spork do
  %w{ 1 2 3 4 5 }.each do |number|
    puts "#{number}"
    Ruck::Shred.yield(1)
  end
end

@shreduler.run

Shredulers and time

ruck doesn't specify any behavior for when time passes, so by default all shreds are executed as fast as possible as they're drained from the queue. In other words, there's no mapping from virtual time to anything else, so Shreduler only really cares about order.

You change this by sub-classing Shreduler and overriding its methods. For example, an easy modification is to map the time units to seconds:

class RealTimeShreduler < Ruck::Shreduler
  def fast_forward(dt)
    super
    sleep(dt)
  end
end

Useful Shredulers

These gems provide shredulers with other interesting mappings, as well as defining convenient DSLs to make shreduling less verbose:

ruck-realtime
the above example
ruck-midi
maps to quarter notes in a MIDI file, quarter notes in real-time, or both simultaneously (playing back, then saving to disk)
ruck-ugen
maps to samples in an audio stream, providing a simple unit generator framework for reading and writing WAV files with effects

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A port of ChucK's strong timing to Ruby

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