Skip to content
🎞 Shaka PHP is a library that uses Shaka Packager for DASH and HLS packaging and encryption, supporting Common Encryption for Widevine and other DRM Systems.
PHP
Branch: master
Clone or download
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Permalink
Type Name Latest commit message Commit time
Failed to load latest commit information.
.github
docs
examples
src
tests
.appveyor.yml
.gitignore
.travis.yml
CODE_OF_CONDUCT.md
CONTRIBUTING.md
LICENSE
README.md
SECURITY.md
_config.yml
composer.json
renovate.json

README.md

Shaka PHP

Build Status Build status

Shaka PHP is a library that uses Shaka Packager for DASH and HLS packaging and encryption, supporting Common Encryption for Widevine and other DRM Systems.

Contents

Requirements

  1. This version of the package is only compatible with PHP 7.2 or higher.

  2. This library requires a working Shaka Packager binary. Be that the binary can be located with system PATH to auto get binary file in PHP. You can also give the binary path on load.

Getting Shaka Packager

There are several ways you can get Shaka Packager.

For users who get prebuilt binary: Please rename packager-'OS' to packager and add the path of shaka packager to your system PATH.(e.g. 'packager-win.exe' to 'packager.exe')

Installation

Use Composer to install this library from Packagist:

Run the following command from your project directory to add the dependency:

composer require aminyazdanpanah/php-shaka

Alternatively, add the dependency directly to your composer.json file:

"require": {
    "aminyazdanpanah/php-shaka": "^1.0"
}

Usage

The best way to learn how to use this library is to review the examples and browse the source code as it is self-documented.

It is highly recommended to read Shaka Packager Documentation.

Basic Usage

Initializing

Shaka PHP auto-detect packager binary. An associative array of config can also be passed to the initialize method to give binary path and timout explicitly:

$config = [
    'packager.binaries' => 'path/to/packager/binary',
    'timeout'           =>  3600
];

$shaka = \Shaka\Shaka::initialize($config);

Streams

There can be multiple streams with input from the same “file” or multiple different “files”.

$stream1 = \Shaka\Options\Streams\Stream::input('/the/path/to/the/file');
$stream2 = \Shaka\Options\Streams\Stream::input('/the/path/to/the/file');
//...

you can add options to your streams

$stream1->streamSelector('video')
        ->output('video.mp4');
Stream Options
Option Default Description
streamSelector() NULL Required field with value ‘audio’, ‘video’, ‘text’ or stream number (zero based).
output() NULL Required output file path (single file).
initSegment() NULL initialization segment path (multiple file).
segmentTemplate() NULL Optional value which specifies the naming pattern for the segment files, and that the stream should be split into multiple files. Its presence should be consistent across streams.
bandwidth() NULL Optional value which contains a user-specified maximum bit rate for the stream, in bits/sec. If specified, this value is propagated to (HLS) EXT-X-STREAM-INF:BANDWIDTH or (DASH) Representation@bandwidth and the $Bandwidth$ template parameter for segment names. If not specified, the bandwidth value is estimated from content bitrate. Note that it only affects the generated manifests/playlists; it has no effect on the media content itself.
language() NULL Optional value which contains a user-specified language tag. If specified, this value overrides any language metadata in the input stream.
outputFormat() NULL Optional value which specifies the format of the output files (MP4 or WebM). If not specified, it will be derived from the file extension of the output file.
trickPlayFactor() 0 Optional value which specifies the trick play, a.k.a. trick mode, stream sampling rate among key frames. If specified, the output is a trick play stream.

Media File Analysis

It can be used to inspect the content of a media file and dump basic stream information:

$export = $shaka->streams($stream)
    ->mediaFileAnalysis()
    ->export();

The $export is instance of StreamCollection. For more information, please see examples.

Basic Transmuxing

It can be used to extract streams, optionally transmuxes the streams from one container format to another container format.

$stream1 = Stream::input('/the/path/to/the/file')
    ->streamSelector('video')
    ->output('video.mp4');

$stream2 = Stream::input('/the/path/to/the/file')
    ->streamSelector('audio')
    ->output('audio.mp4');

$export = $shaka->streams($stream1, $stream2)
            ->mediaPackaging()
            ->export();

Basic Usage Examples

Please see examples/Basic for details.

DASH

Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP (DASH) is an adaptive bitrate streaming technique that enables high quality streaming of media content over HTTP.

DASH Stream Options

Besides Stream Options and DRM Stream Options, you can add DASHRoles() method to your DASHStream object. You can pass roles to the method. The roles can be separated by colon or semi-colon. The value should be one of: caption, subtitle, main, alternate, supplementary, commentary and dub. See DASH (ISO/IEC 23009-1) specification for details.

$stream1 = $stream1 = DASHStream::input('/the/path/to/the/file')
                        //->other options

DASH Packaging

This library supports DASH content packaging.

$export = $shaka->streams($stream1, $stream2, ...)
    ->mediaPackaging()
    ->DASH('output.mpd')
    ->export();

You can add options to your DASH object using a callback method:

$export = $shaka->streams($stream1, $stream2, ...)
    ->mediaPackaging()
    ->DASH('output.mpd', function ($options) {
        return $options->generateStaticMpd();
            //->other options;
    })
    ->export();

DASH Options

Option Default Description
generateStaticMpd() FALSE If enabled, generates static mpd. If segment_template is specified in stream descriptors, shaka-packager generates dynamic mpd by default; if this flag is enabled, shaka-packager generates static mpd instead. Note that if segment_template is not specified, shaka-packager always generates static mpd regardless of the value of this flag.
baseUrls() NULL Comma separated BaseURLs for the MPD: [,]…. The values will be added as element(s) immediately under the element.
minBufferTime() NULL Specifies, in seconds, a common duration used in the definition of the MPD Representation data rate.
minimumUpdatePeriod() NULL Indicates to the player how often to refresh the media presentation description in seconds. This value is used for dynamic MPD only.
suggestedPresentationDelay() NULL Specifies a delay, in seconds, to be added to the media presentation time. This value is used for dynamic MPD only.
timeShiftBufferDepth() NULL Guaranteed duration of the time shifting buffer for dynamic media presentations, in seconds.
preservedSegmentsOutsideLiveWindow() NULL Segments outside the live window (defined by time_shift_buffer_depth above) are automatically removed except for the most recent X segments defined by this parameter. This is needed to accommodate latencies in various stages of content serving pipeline, so that the segments stay accessible as they may still be accessed by the player. The segments are not removed if the value is zero.
utcTimings() NULL Comma separated UTCTiming schemeIdUri and value pairs for the MPD: <scheme_id_uri>=[,<scheme_id_uri>=]… This value is used for dynamic MPD only.
defaultLanguage() NULL Any audio/text tracks tagged with this language will have <Role … value=”main” /> in the manifest. This allows the player to choose the correct default language for the content. This applies to both audio and text tracks. The default language for text tracks can be overriden by ‘default_text_language’.
defaultTextLanguage() NULL Same as above, but this applies to text tracks only, and overrides the default language for text tracks.
allowApproximateSegmentTimeline() NULL For live profile only. If enabled, segments with close duration (i.e. with difference less than one sample) are considered to have the same duration. This enables MPD generator to generate less SegmentTimeline entries. If all segments are of the same duration except the last one, we will do further optimization to use SegmentTemplate@duration instead and omit SegmentTimeline completely. Ignored if $Time$ is used in segment template, since $Time$ requires accurate Segment Timeline.

Also you can add some Chunking and MP4 output options to your DASH Object(before using these options, please read the Description):

Chunking and MP4 Output Options

Option Default Description
Mp4IncludePsshInStream() TRUE MP4 only: include pssh in the encrypted stream.
generateSidxInMediaSegments() NULL For MP4 with DASH live profile only: Indicates whether to generate ‘sidx’ box in media segments. Note that it is reuqired by spec if segment template contains $Time$ specifier.
nogenerateSidxInMediaSegments() NULL For MP4 with DASH live profile only: Indicates whether to generate ‘sidx’ box in media segments. Note that it is reuqired by spec if segment template contains $Time$ specifier.
transportStreamTimestampOffsetMs() 100ms Transport stream only (MPEG2-TS, HLS Packed Audio): A positive value, in milliseconds, by which output timestamps are offset to compensate for possible negative timestamps in the input. For example, timestamps from ISO-BMFF after adjusted by EditList could be negative. In transport streams, timestamps are not allowed to be less than zero.
segmentDuration() NULL Segment duration in seconds. If single_segment is specified, this parameter sets the duration of a subsegment; otherwise, this parameter sets the duration of a segment. Actual segment durations may not be exactly as requested.
fragmentDuration() NULL Fragment duration in seconds. Should not be larger than the segment duration. Actual fragment durations may not be exactly as requested.
segmentSapAligned() TRUE Force segments to begin with stream access points.
fragmentSapAligned() TRUE Force fragments to begin with stream access points. This flag implies segment_sap_aligned.

The implementation is based on Template-based Segment URL construction described in ISO/IEC 23009-1:2014.

Segment Template Formatting

$ Identifier $ Substitution parameter Format
$$ is an escape sequence, i.e. “$$” is replaced with a single “$”. Not applicable.
$Number$ This identifier is substitued with the number of the corresponding Segment. The format tag may be present. If no format tag is present, a default format tag with width=1 shall be used.
$Time$ This identifier is substituted with the value of the SegmentTimeline@t attribute for the Segment being accessed. Either $Number$ or $Time$ may be used but not both at the same time. The format tag may be present. If no format tag is present, a default format tag with width=1 shall be used.
  • Note: Identifiers $RepresentationID$ and $Bandwidth$ are not supported in this version. Please file an issue if you want it to be supported.

DASH Examples

Please see examples/DASH for details.

HLS

HTTP Live Streaming (also known as HLS) is an HTTP-based media streaming communications protocol implemented by Apple Inc. as part of its QuickTime, Safari, OS X, and iOS software. It resembles MPEG-DASH in that it works by breaking the overall stream into a sequence of small HTTP-based file downloads, each download loading one short chunk of an overall potentially unbounded transport stream. As the stream is played, the client may select from a number of different alternate streams containing the same material encoded at a variety of data rates, allowing the streaming session to adapt to the available data rate. At the start of the streaming session, HLS downloads an extended M3U playlist containing the metadata for the various sub-streams which are available.

HLS Stream Options

Besides Stream Options and DRM Stream Options, you can add options below:

Option Default Description
HLSName() NULL MP4 only: include pssh in the encrypted stream.
HLSGroupId() NULL For MP4 with DASH live profile only: Indicates whether to generate ‘sidx’ box in media segments. Note that it is reuqired by spec if segment template contains $Time$ specifier.
playlistName() NULL For MP4 with DASH live profile only: Indicates whether to generate ‘sidx’ box in media segments. Note that it is reuqired by spec if segment template contains $Time$ specifier.
iframePlaylistName() NULL Transport stream only (MPEG2-TS, HLS Packed Audio): A positive value, in milliseconds, by which output timestamps are offset to compensate for possible negative timestamps in the input. For example, timestamps from ISO-BMFF after adjusted by EditList could be negative. In transport streams, timestamps are not allowed to be less than zero.
HLSCharacteristics() NULL Segment duration in seconds. If single_segment is specified, this parameter sets the duration of a subsegment; otherwise, this parameter sets the duration of a segment. Actual segment durations may not be exactly as requested.
$stream1 = $stream1 = HLSStream::input('/the/path/to/the/file')
                        //->other options

HLS Packaging

This library supports HLS content packaging.

$export = $shaka->streams($stream1, $stream2, ...)
    ->mediaPackaging()
    ->HLS('output.m3u8')
    ->export();

You can add options to your HLS object using a callback method:

$export = $shaka->streams($stream1, $stream2, ...)
    ->mediaPackaging()
    ->HLS('output.m3u8', function ($options) {
        return $options->HLSMasterPlaylistOutput();
            //->other options;
    })
    ->export();

HLS Options

Option Default Description
HLSMasterPlaylistOutput() NULL Output path for the master playlist for HLS. This flag must be used to output HLS.
HLSBaseUrl() NULL The base URL for the Media Playlists and media files listed in the playlists. This is the prefix for the files.
HLSKeyUri() NULL The key uri for ‘identity’ and ‘com.apple.streamingkeydelivery’ (FairPlay) key formats. Ignored if the playlist is not encrypted or not using the above key formats.
HLSPlaylistType() NULL VOD, EVENT, or LIVE. This defines the EXT-X-PLAYLIST-TYPE in the HLS specification. For hls_playlist_type of LIVE, EXT-X-PLAYLIST-TYPE tag is omitted.
timeShiftBufferDepth() NULL Guaranteed duration of the time shifting buffer for LIVE playlists, in seconds.
preservedSegmentsOutsideLiveWindow() NULL Segments outside the live window (defined by time_shift_buffer_depth above) are automatically removed except for the most recent X segments defined by this parameter. This is needed to accommodate latencies in various stages of content serving pipeline, so that the segments stay accessible as they may still be accessed by the player. The segments are not removed if the value is zero.
defaultLanguage() NULL Any audio/text tracks tagged with this language will have <Role … value=”main” /> in the manifest. This allows the player to choose the correct default language for the content. This applies to both audio and text tracks. The default language for text tracks can be overriden by ‘default_text_language’.
defaultTextLanguage() NULL Same as above, but this applies to text tracks only, and overrides the default language for text tracks.

Also you can add some Chunking and MP4 output options to your HLS Object(before using these options, please read the Description).

  • Note: Also you can use Segment template formatting in your output.

  • Note: DASH and HLS options can both be specified to output DASH and HLS manifests at the same time. Note that it works only for MP4 outputs.

$export = $shaka->streams($stream1, $stream2, ...)
    ->mediaPackaging()
    ->HLS('hls.m3u8')
    ->DASH('dash.mpd')
    ->export();

HLS Examples

Please see examples/HLS for details.

Live

A typical live source is UDP multicast, which is the only live protocol packager supports directly right now.

For other unsupported protocols, you can use FFmpeg to pipe the input. See FFmpeg piping for details.

UDP File Options

UDP file is of the form:

udp://<ip>:<port>[?<option>[&<option>]...]
Option Description
buffer_size UDP maximum receive buffer size in bytes. Note that although it can be set to any value, the actual value is capped by maximum allowed size defined by the underlying operating system. On linux, the maximum size allowed can be retrieved using sysctl net.core.rmem_max and configured using sysctl -w net.core.rmem_max=<size_in_bytes>.
interface Multicast group interface address. Only the packets sent to this address are received. Default to “0.0.0.0” if not specified.
reuse Allow or disallow reusing UDP sockets.
source Multicast source ip address. Only the packets sent from this source address are received. Enables Source Specific Multicast (SSM) if set.
timeout UDP timeout in microseconds.

Example:

udp://224.1.2.30:88?interface=10.11.12.13&reuse=1

HLS Examples

Please see examples/Live for details.

DRM

Shaka Packager supports fetching encryption keys from Widevine Key Server and PlayReady Key Server. Shaka Packager also supports Raw Keys, for which keys are provided to Shaka Packager directly.

Regardless of which key server you are using, you can instruct Shaka Packager to generate other protection systems in additional to the native protection system from the key server. This allows generating multi-DRM contents easily.

DRM Stream options

Besides Stream Options, you can add options below:

Option Default Description
skipEncryption() 0 Optional. If it is set to 1, no encryption of the stream will be made.
drmLabel() NULL Optional value for custom DRM label, which defines the encryption key applied to the stream. Typically values include AUDIO, SD, HD, UHD1, UHD2. For raw key, it should be a label defined in –keys. If not provided, the DRM label is derived from stream type (video, audio), resolutions, etc. Note that it is case sensitive.

General encryption options

Option Default Description
protectionScheme() NULL Specify a protection scheme, ‘cenc’ or ‘cbc1’ or pattern-based protection schemes ‘cens’ or ‘cbcs’.
vp9SubsampleEncryption() TRUE Enable / disable VP9 subsample encryption
novp9SubsampleEncryption() FALSE Enable / disable VP9 subsample encryption
clearLead() NULL Clear lead in seconds if encryption is enabled.
protectionSystems() NULL Protection systems to be generated. Supported protection systems include Widevine, PlayReady, FairPlay, Marlin, and CommonSystem (https://goo.gl/s8RIhr).

Widevine Key Server

The easiest way to generate Widevine protected content is to use Widevine Cloud Service.

Shaka Packager can talk to Widevine Cloud Service or any key server that implements Common Encryption API for Widevine DRM to fetch encryption keys.

Widevine Common Encryption API supports request validation using either AES or RSA.

Enable encryption with Widevine key server. User should provide either AES signing key (aesSigningKey(), aesSigningIv()) or RSA signing key (rsaSigningKeyPath()).

$export = $shaka->streams($stream1, $stream2, ...)
    ->mediaPackaging()
    ->DRM('widevine', function ($options) {
        return $options->keyServerUrl('https://license.uat.widevine.com/cenc/getcontentkey/widevine_test')**
            ->//other options
    })
    ->HLS('hls.m3u8')
    ->DASH('dash.mpd')
    ->export();

Widevine Options

Besides General encryption options, you can add options below:

Option Default Description
enableWidevineDecryption() FALSE Enable decryption with Widevine key server. User should provide either AES signing key (aesSigningKey(), aesSigningIv()) or RSA signing key (rsaSigningKeyPath()).
keyServerUrl() NULL Key server url. Required for Widevine encryption and decryption.
contentId() NULL Content identifier that uniquely identifies the content.
policy() NULL The name of a stored policy, which specifies DRM content rights.
maxSdPixels() NULL The video track is considered SD if its max pixels per frame is no higher than max_sd_pixels. Default: 442368 (768 x 576).
maxHdPixels() NULL The video track is considered HD if its max pixels per frame is higher than maxSdPixels(), but no higher than max_hd_pixels. Default: 2073600 (1920 x 1080).
maxUhd1Pixels() NULL The video track is considered UHD1 if its max pixels per frame is higher than maxPhdPixels(), but no higher than max_uhd1_pixels. Otherwise it is UHD2. Default: 8847360 (4096 x 2160).
signer() NULL The name of the signer.
aesSigningKey() NULL AES signing key in hex string. aesSigningIv() is required if aes_signing_key is specified. This option is exclusive with rsaSigningKeyPath().
aesSigningIv() NULL AES signing iv in hex string.
rsaSigningKeyPath() NULL Path to the file containing PKCS#1 RSA private key for request signing. This option is exclusive with aesSigningKey().
cryptoPeriodDuration() NULL Defines how often key rotates. If it is non-zero, key rotation is enabled.
groupId() NULL Identifier for a group of licenses.

Widevine Examples

Please see examples/DRM/Widevine for details.

PlayReady Key Server

This library can talk to PlayReady Key Server that implements AcquirePackagingData Web Method specification to fetch encryption keys.

Refer to DRM if you are interested in generating multi-DRM contents.

$export = $shaka->streams($stream1, $stream2, ...)
    ->mediaPackaging()
    ->DRM('playReady', function ($options) {
        return $options->playreadyServerUrl('http://playready.get.key')
            ->//other options
    })
    ->HLS('hls.m3u8')
    ->DASH('dash.mpd')
    ->export();

PlayReady Options

Besides General encryption options, you can add options below:

Option Default Description
playreadyServerUrl() NULL PlayReady packaging server url.
programIdentifier() NULL Program identifier for packaging request.
caFile() NULL Absolute path to the certificate authority file for the server cert. PEM format. Optional, depends on server configuration.
clientCertFile() NULL Absolute path to client certificate file. Optional, depends on server configuration.
clientCertPrivateKeyFile() NULL Absolute path to the private key file. Optional, depends on server configuration.
clientCertPrivateKeyPassword() NULL Password to the private key file. Optional, depends on server configuration.

Raw Key Server

This library supports raw keys, for which keys and key_ids are provided to Shaka Packager directly.

This is often used if you are managing the encryption keys yourself. It also allows you to support multi-DRM by providing custom PSSHs.

$export = $shaka->streams($stream1, $stream2, ...)
    ->mediaPackaging()
    ->DRM('raw', function ($options) {
        return $options->keys('...keys')
            ->//other options
    })
    ->HLS('hls.m3u8')
    ->DASH('dash.mpd')
    ->export();

Raw Options

Besides General encryption options, you can add options below:

Option Default Description
enableRawKeyDecryption() FALSE Enable decryption with raw key (keys provided in command line).
keys() NULL key_info_string is of the form: label=:key_id=<key_id>:key=label can be an arbitrary string or a predefined DRM label like AUDIO, SD, HD, etc. Label with an empty string indicates the default key and key_id.
iv() NULL IV in hex string format. If not specified, a random IV will be generated. This flag should only be used for testing. IV must be either 8 bytes (16 digits HEX) or 16 bytes (32 digits in HEX).
pssh() NULL One or more concatenated PSSH boxes in hex string format. If neither this flag nor –protection_systems is specified, a v1 common PSSH box will be generated.

pssh-box (Utility to generate PSSH boxes)

https://github.com/google/shaka-packager/tree/master/packager/tools/pssh

Raw Examples

Please see examples/DRM/Raw for details.

Ad Insertion

This package does not do Ad Insertion directly, but it can precondition content for Dynamic Ad Insertion with Google Ad Manager.

Both DASH and HLS are supported.

$export = $shaka->streams($stream1, $stream2, ...)
    ->mediaPackaging()
    ->HLS('hls.m3u8', function ($options) {
        return $options->adCues('600;1800;3000');
    })
    ->DASH('dash.mpd', function ($options) {
        return $options->adCues('600;1800;3000');
    })
    ->export();

Ad Insertion Examples

Please see examples/adInsertion for details.

Several Open Source Players

Contributing and Reporting Bugs

I'd love your help in improving, correcting, adding to the specification. Please file an issue or submit a pull request.

  • Please see Contributing File for more information.
  • If you have any questions or you want to report a bug, please just file an issue
  • If you discover a security vulnerability within this package, please see SECURITY File for more information to help with that.

NOTE: If you have any questions about this package or Shaka Packager, please DO NOT send an email to me(or submit the contact form on my website). Emails relate to these issues will be ignored.

Credits

License

The MIT License (MIT). Please see License File for more information.

You can’t perform that action at this time.