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README.md

GraphQL Server for Express, Connect, Hapi, Cloudflare workers, and more

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Apollo Server is a community-maintained open-source GraphQL server. It works with pretty much all Node.js HTTP server frameworks, and we're happy to take PRs for more! Apollo Server works with any GraphQL schema built with GraphQL.js, so you can build your schema with that directly or with a convenience library such as graphql-tools.

Documentation

Read the docs!

Principles

Apollo Server is built with the following principles in mind:

  • By the community, for the community: Apollo Server's development is driven by the needs of developers
  • Simplicity: by keeping things simple, Apollo Server is easier to use, easier to contribute to, and more secure
  • Performance: Apollo Server is well-tested and production-ready - no modifications needed

Anyone is welcome to contribute to Apollo Server, just read CONTRIBUTING.md, take a look at the roadmap and make your first PR!

Getting started

Apollo Server is super easy to set up. Just npm install apollo-server-<integration>, write a GraphQL schema, and then use one of the following snippets to get started. For more info, read the Apollo Server docs.

Installation

Run npm install --save apollo-server-<integration> and you're good to go!

const { ApolloServer, gql } = require('apollo-server');

// The GraphQL schema
const typeDefs = gql`
  type Query {
    "A simple type for getting started!"
    hello: String
  }
`;

// A map of functions which return data for the schema.
const resolvers = {
  Query: {
    hello: () => 'world',
  },
};

const server = new ApolloServer({
  typeDefs,
  resolvers,
});

While we recommend the use schema-definition language (SDL) for defining a GraphQL schema since we feel it's more human-readable and language-agnostic, Apollo Server can be configured with a GraphQLSchema object:

const { ApolloServer, gql } = require('apollo-server');
const { GraphQLSchema, GraphQLObjectType, GraphQLString } = require('graphql');

// The GraphQL schema
const schema = new GraphQLSchema({
  query: new GraphQLObjectType({
    name: 'Query',
    fields: {
      hello: {
        type: GraphQLString,
        description: 'A simple type for getting started!',
        resolve: () => 'world',
      },
    },
  }),
});

const server = new ApolloServer({ schema });

server.listen().then(({ url }) => {
  console.log(`🚀 Server ready at ${url}`);
});

Integrations

Often times, Apollo Server needs to be run with a particular integration. To start, run npm install --save apollo-server-<integration> where <integration> is one of the following:

  • express
  • hapi
  • lambda
  • cloudflare

If a framework is not on this list and it should be supported, please open a PR.

Express

const express = require('express');
const { ApolloServer, gql } = require('apollo-server-express');

// Construct a schema, using GraphQL schema language
const typeDefs = gql`
  type Query {
    hello: String
  }
`;

// Provide resolver functions for your schema fields
const resolvers = {
  Query: {
    hello: () => 'Hello world!',
  },
};

const server = new ApolloServer({ typeDefs, resolvers });

const app = express();
server.applyMiddleware({ app });

app.listen({ port: 4000 }, () =>
  console.log(`🚀 Server ready at http://localhost:4000${server.graphqlPath}`),
);

Connect

const connect = require('connect');
const { ApolloServer, gql } = require('apollo-server-express');
const query = require('qs-middleware');

// Construct a schema, using GraphQL schema language
const typeDefs = gql`
  type Query {
    hello: String
  }
`;

// Provide resolver functions for your schema fields
const resolvers = {
  Query: {
    hello: () => 'Hello world!',
  },
};

const server = new ApolloServer({ typeDefs, resolvers });

const app = connect();
const path = '/graphql';

server.use(query());
server.applyMiddleware({ app, path });

app.listen({ port: 4000 }, () =>
  console.log(`🚀 Server ready at http://localhost:4000${server.graphqlPath}`),
);

Note; qs-middleware is only required if running outside of Meteor

Hapi

The code below requires Hapi 17 or higher.

const { ApolloServer, gql } = require('apollo-server-hapi');
const Hapi = require('hapi');

async function StartServer() {
  const server = new ApolloServer({ typeDefs, resolvers });

  const app = new Hapi.server({
    port: 4000,
  });

  await server.applyMiddleware({
    app,
  });

  await server.installSubscriptionHandlers(app.listener);

  await app.start();
}

StartServer().catch(error => console.log(error));

Context

The context is created for each request. The following code snippet shows the creation of a context. The arguments are the request, the request, and h, the response toolkit.

new ApolloServer({
  typeDefs,
  resolvers,
  context: async ({ request, h }) => {
    return { ... };
  },
})

AWS Lambda

Apollo Server can be run on Lambda and deployed with AWS Serverless Application Model (SAM). It requires an API Gateway with Lambda Proxy Integration.

const { ApolloServer, gql } = require('apollo-server-lambda');

// Construct a schema, using GraphQL schema language
const typeDefs = gql`
  type Query {
    hello: String
  }
`;

// Provide resolver functions for your schema fields
const resolvers = {
  Query: {
    hello: () => 'Hello world!',
  },
};

const server = new ApolloServer({ typeDefs, resolvers });

exports.graphqlHandler = server.createHandler();

Apollo Server Development

If you want to develop Apollo Server locally you must follow the following instructions:

  • Fork this repository

  • Install the Apollo Server project in your computer

git clone https://github.com/[your-user]/apollo-server
cd apollo-server
npm install
cd packages/apollo-server-<integration>/
npm link
  • Install your local Apollo Server in other App
cd ~/myApp
npm link apollo-server-<integration>