README - CUPS v2.3b5 - 2018-06-05
Looking for compile instructions? Read the file
CUPS is a standards-based, open source printing system developed by Apple Inc. for macOS® and other UNIX®-like operating systems. CUPS uses the Internet Printing Protocol ("IPP") and provides System V and Berkeley command-line interfaces, a web interface, and a C API to manage printers and print jobs. It supports printing to both local (parallel, serial, USB) and networked printers, and printers can be shared from one computer to another, even over the Internet!
Internally, CUPS uses PostScript Printer Description ("PPD") files to describe printer capabilities and features and a wide variety of generic and device- specific programs to convert and print many types of files. Sample drivers are included with CUPS to support many Dymo, EPSON, HP, Intellitech, OKIDATA, and Zebra printers. Many more drivers are available online and (in some cases) on the driver CD-ROM that came with your printer.
CUPS is licensed under the Apache License Version 2.0. See the file "LICENSE" for more information.
READING THE DOCUMENTATION
Once you have installed the software you can access the documentation (and a bunch of other stuff) online at http://localhost:631/.
If you're having trouble getting that far, the documentation is located under
Please read the documentation before asking questions.
GETTING SUPPORT AND OTHER RESOURCES
If you have problems, read the documentation first! We also provide two mailing lists which are available at https://lists.cups.org/mailman/listinfo.
See the CUPS web site at https://www.cups.org/ for other resources.
SETTING UP PRINTER QUEUES USING YOUR WEB BROWSER
CUPS includes a web-based administration tool that allows you to manage printers, classes, and jobs on your server. Open http://localhost:631/admin/ in your browser to access the printer administration tools:
Do not use the hostname for your machine - it will not work with the default
CUPS configuration. To enable administration access on other addresses, check
Allow Remote Administration box and click on the `Change Settings button.
You will be asked for the administration password (root or any other user in the sys/system/root/admin/lpadmin group on your system) when performing any administrative function.
SETTING UP PRINTER QUEUES FROM THE COMMAND-LINE
CUPS currently uses PPD (PostScript Printer Description) files that describe
printer capabilities and driver programs needed for each printer. The
everywhere PPD is used for nearly all modern networks printers sold since
about 2009. For example, the following command creates a print queue for a
printer at address 184.108.40.206:
lpadmin -p printername -E -v ipp://220.127.116.11/ipp/print -m everywhere
CUPS also includes several sample PPD files you can use for "legacy" printers:
Driver PPD Name ----------------------------- ------------------------------ Dymo Label Printers drv:///sample.drv/dymo.ppd Intellitech Intellibar drv:///sample.drv/intelbar.ppd EPSON 9-pin Series drv:///sample.drv/epson9.ppd EPSON 24-pin Series drv:///sample.drv/epson24.ppd Generic PCL Laser Printer drv:///sample.drv/generpcl.ppd Generic PostScript Printer drv:///sample.drv/generic.ppd HP DeskJet Series drv:///sample.drv/deskjet.ppd HP LaserJet Series drv:///sample.drv/laserjet.ppd OKIDATA 9-Pin Series drv:///sample.drv/okidata9.ppd OKIDATA 24-Pin Series drv:///sample.drv/okidat24.ppd Zebra CPCL Label Printer drv:///sample.drv/zebracpl.ppd Zebra EPL1 Label Printer drv:///sample.drv/zebraep1.ppd Zebra EPL2 Label Printer drv:///sample.drv/zebraep2.ppd Zebra ZPL Label Printer drv:///sample.drv/zebra.ppd
You can run the
lpinfo -m command to list all of the available drivers:
lpinfo -v command to list the available printers:
Then use the correct URI to add the printer using the
lpadmin -p printername -E -v device-uri -m ppd-name
Current network printers typically use
lpadmin -p printername -E -v ipp://18.104.22.168/ipp/print -m everywhere lpadmin -p printername -E -v ipps://22.214.171.124/ipp/print -m everywhere
Older network printers typically use
lpadmin -p printername -E -v socket://126.96.36.199 -m ppd-name lpadmin -p printername -E -v lpd://188.8.131.52/ -m ppd-name
The sample drivers provide basic printing capabilities, but generally do not exercise the full potential of the printers or CUPS. Other drivers provide greater printing capabilities.
CUPS provides both the System V
lp and Berkeley
lpr commands for printing:
lp filename lpr filename
lpr commands support printing options for the driver:
lp -o media=A4 -o resolution=600dpi filename lpr -o media=A4 -o resolution=600dpi filename
CUPS recognizes many types of images files as well as PDF, PostScript, and text files, so you can print those files directly rather than through an application.
If you have an application that generates output specifically for your printer
then you need to use the
lp -o raw filename lpr -l filename
This will prevent the filters from misinterpreting your print file.
Copyright © 2007-2018 by Apple Inc. Copyright © 1997-2007 by Easy Software Products.
CUPS is provided under the terms of the Apache License, Version 2.0. A copy of
this license can be found in the file
LICENSE. Additional legal information
is provided in the file
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.