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emr-dynamodb-connector

Access data stored in Amazon DynamoDB with Apache Hadoop, Apache Hive, and Apache Spark

Introduction

You can use this connector to access data in Amazon DynamoDB using Apache Hadoop, Apache Hive, and Apache Spark in Amazon EMR. You can process data directly in DynamoDB using these frameworks, or join data in DynamoDB with data in Amazon S3, Amazon RDS, or other storage layers that can be accessed by Amazon EMR.

Currently, the connector supports the following data types:

Hive type Default DynamoDB type Alternate DynamoDb type(s)
string string (S)
bigint or double number (N)
binary binary (B)
boolean boolean (BOOL)
array list (L) number set (NS), string set (SS), binary set (BS)
map<string,string> item (ITEM) map (M)
map<string,?> map (M)
struct map (M)

The connector can serialize null values as DynamoDB null type (NULL).

Hive StorageHandler Implementation

For more information, see Hive Commands Examples for Exporting, Importing, and Querying Data in DynamoDB in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

Hadoop InputFormat and OutputFormat Implementation

An implementation of Apache Hadoop InputFormat interface and OutputFormat are included, which allows DynamoDB AttributeValues to be directly ingested by MapReduce jobs. For an example of how to use these classes, see Set Up a Hive Table to Run Hive Commands in the Amazon EMR Release Guide, as well as their usage in the Import/Export tool classes in DynamoDBExport.java and DynamoDBImport.java.

Import/Export Tool

This simple tool that makes use of the InputFormat and OutputFormat implementations provides an easy way to import to and export data from DynamoDB.

Supported Versions

Currently the project builds against Hive 2.3.0, 1.2.1, and 1.0.0. Set this by using the hive1.version, hive1.2.version and hive2.version properties in the root Maven pom.xml, respectively.

How to Build

After cloning, run mvn clean install.

Example: Hive StorageHandler

Syntax to create a table using the DynamoDBStorageHandler class:

CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE hive_tablename (
    hive_column1_name column1_datatype,
    hive_column2_name column2_datatype
)
STORED BY 'org.apache.hadoop.hive.dynamodb.DynamoDBStorageHandler'
TBLPROPERTIES (
    "dynamodb.table.name" = "dynamodb_tablename",
    "dynamodb.column.mapping" =
        "hive_column1_name:dynamodb_attribute1_name,hive_column2_name:dynamodb_attribute2_name",
    "dynamodb.type.mapping" =
        "hive_column1_name:dynamodb_attribute1_type_abbreviation",
    "dynamodb.null.serialization" = "true"
);

dynamodb.type.mapping and dynamodb.null.serialization are optional parameters.

Hive query will automatically choose the most suitable secondary index if there is any based on the search condition. For an index that can be chosen, it should have following properties:

  1. It has all its index keys in Hive query search condition;
  2. It contains all the DynamoDB attributes mentioned in dynamodb.column.mapping. (If you have to map more columns than index attributes in your Hive table but still want to use an index when running queries that only select the attributes within that index, consider create another Hive table and narrow down the mappings to only include the index attributes. Use that table for reading the index attributes to reduce table scans)

Example: Input/Output Formats with Spark

Using the DynamoDBInputFormat and DynamoDBOutputFormat classes with spark-shell:

$ spark-shell --jars /usr/share/aws/emr/ddb/lib/emr-ddb-hadoop.jar
...
import org.apache.hadoop.io.Text;
import org.apache.hadoop.dynamodb.DynamoDBItemWritable
import org.apache.hadoop.dynamodb.read.DynamoDBInputFormat
import org.apache.hadoop.dynamodb.write.DynamoDBOutputFormat
import org.apache.hadoop.mapred.JobConf
import org.apache.hadoop.io.LongWritable

var jobConf = new JobConf(sc.hadoopConfiguration)
jobConf.set("dynamodb.input.tableName", "myDynamoDBTable")

jobConf.set("mapred.output.format.class", "org.apache.hadoop.dynamodb.write.DynamoDBOutputFormat")
jobConf.set("mapred.input.format.class", "org.apache.hadoop.dynamodb.read.DynamoDBInputFormat")

var orders = sc.hadoopRDD(jobConf, classOf[DynamoDBInputFormat], classOf[Text], classOf[DynamoDBItemWritable])

orders.count()

Example: Import/Export Tool

Export usage
java -cp target/emr-dynamodb-tools-4.2.0-SNAPSHOT.jar org.apache.hadoop.dynamodb.tools.DynamoDBExport /where/output/should/go my-dynamo-table-name
Import usage
java -cp target/emr-dynamodb-tools-4.2.0-SNAPSHOT.jar org.apache.hadoop.dynamodb.tools.DynamoDBImport /where/input/data/is my-dynamo-table-name

Additional options

export <path> <table-name> [<read-ratio>] [<total-segment-count>]

read-ratio: maximum percent of the specified DynamoDB table's read capacity to use for export

total-segments: number of desired MapReduce splits to use for the export
import <path> <table-name> [<write-ratio>]

write-ratio: maximum percent of the specified DynamoDB table's write capacity to use for import

Maven Dependency

To depend on the specific components in your projects, add one (or both) of the following to your pom.xml.

Hadoop InputFormat/OutputFormats & DynamoDBItemWritable

<dependency>
  <groupId>com.amazon.emr</groupId>
  <artifactId>emr-dynamodb-hadoop</artifactId>
  <version>4.2.0</version>
</dependency>

Hive SerDes & StorageHandler

<dependency>
  <groupId>com.amazon.emr</groupId>
  <artifactId>emr-dynamodb-hive</artifactId>
  <version>4.2.0</version>
</dependency>

Contributing

  • If you find a bug or would like to see an improvement, open an issue.

    Check first to make sure there isn't one already open. We'll do our best to respond to issues and review pull-requests

  • Want to fix it yourself? Open a pull request!

    If adding new functionality, include new, passing unit tests, as well as documentation. Also include a snippet in your pull request showing that all current unit tests pass. Tests are ran by default when invoking any goal for maven that results in the package goal being executed (mvn clean install will run them and produce output showing such).

  • Follow the Google Java Style Guide

    Style is enforced at build time using the Apache Maven Checkstyle Plugin.

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Implementations of open source Apache Hadoop/Hive interfaces which allow for ingesting data from Amazon DynamoDB

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