Skip to content
Aurelia Style Guide: A starting point for Aurelia development teams to provide consistency through best practices. http://aurelia.io
Branch: master
Clone or download
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Permalink
Type Name Latest commit message Commit time
Failed to load latest commit information.
README.md

README.md

Aurelia Style Guide

The purpose of this style guide is to provide guidance on building Aurelia applications by showing the conventions that I use and, more importantly.

About the this style guide

This guide explains the what , why and how to see them in practice. This guide is accompanied by a sample application that follows these styles and patterns.

Table of Content

  1. Single Responsibility
  2. Application Bootstrap Config
  3. Views and ViewModels

Single Responsibility

Rule of 1

[Style 01-01]

If you use Typescript language follow Typescript guideline please.

  • Define 1 component per file, recommended to be less than 400 lines of code.

    Why?: One component per file promotes easier unit testing and mocking.

    Why?: One component per file makes it far easier to read, maintain, and avoid collisions with teams in source control.

    Why?: One component per file avoids hidden bugs that often arise when combining components in a file where they may share variables, create unwanted closures, or unwanted coupling with dependencies.

    The following negative example defines the App component, bootstraps the app, defines the User model object, and loads models from the server ... all in the same file. Don't do this.

      /* avoid */
      import {HttpClient} from 'aurelia-fetch-client';
      import {autoinject} from 'aurelia-framework';
      import 'fetch';
    
      class User{
        id: number;
        name: string;
      }
    
      @autoinject
      export class App {
        public user = new User();
    
        constructor(private http: HttpClient) {
          http.configure(config => {
            config
              .useStandardConfiguration()
              .withBaseUrl('https://api.github.com/');
          });
        }
    
        public activate() {
          return this.http.fetch('users/behzad888')
            .then(user => this.user = user as User);
        }
      }

    It is a better practice to redistribute the component and its supporting classes into their own, dedicated files.

    App.ts

    /* recommended */
    import {autoinject} from 'aurelia-framework';
    import User from './models/user';
    import UserService from './services/userService';
    import 'fetch';
    
    @autoinject
    export class App {
        public user: {} = new User();
        public userService: UserService;
    
        constructor(private userService: UserService) {
          this.userService = userService;
        }
    
        public activate() {
          return this.userService.getSingleUser('behzad888')
            .then(user => this.user = user as User);
        }
      }
    

    User.ts

    /* recommended */
    export default class User {
      id: number;
      name: string;
    }

    Base.ts

      /* recommended */
      import {HttpClient} from 'aurelia-fetch-client';
      import {autoinject} from 'aurelia-framework';
      import 'fetch';
    
      @autoinject
      export default class BaseService {
        public http: HttpClient;
        constructor(private http: HttpClient) {
          this.http = http.configure(config => {
            config
              .useStandardConfiguration()
              .withBaseUrl('https://api.github.com/');
          });
        }
      }

    UserService.ts

    /* recommended */
    import Base from './base';
    
    export default class UserService extends BaseService {
      /**
      * Return the promise 
      * 
      * Return the raw comment string for the given node.
      */
      getSingleUser(userName) {
        return return this.http.fetch('users/' + userName);
      }
    }

    As the app grows, this rule becomes even more important.

Back to top

Small Functions

[Style 01-02]
  • Define small functions, no more than 75 LOC (less is better).

Why?: Small functions are easier to test, especially when they do one thing and serve one purpose.

Why?: Small functions promote reuse.

Why?: Small functions are easier to read.

Why?: Small functions are easier to maintain.

Why?: Small functions help avoid hidden bugs that come with large functions that share variables with external scope, create unwanted closures, or unwanted coupling with dependencies.

Back to top

Application Bootstrap Config

[Style 01-02]

Aurelia was originally designed for Evergreen Browsers. This includes Chrome, Firefox, IE11 and Safari 8. However, we have identified how to support IE9 and above. To make this work, you need to add an additional polyfill for MutationObservers. This can be achieved by a jspm install of github:polymer/mutationobservers. Then wrap the call to aurelia-bootstrapper as follows:

<!-- recommended -->
<!-- Based on Aurelia Hub -->

<!doctype html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>My App</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <script src="jspm_packages/system.js"></script>
    <script src="config.js"></script>
    <script>
      SystemJS.import('raf/polyfill').then(function() {
        return SystemJS.import('aurelia-polyfills');
      }).then(function() {
        return SystemJS.import('webcomponents/webcomponentsjs/MutationObserver');
      }).then(function() {
        SystemJS.import('aurelia-bootstrapper');
      });
    </script>
  </body>
</html>

Let's give our app the name sample-app and reflect this in the body tag of index.html

<!-- recommended -->

<body aurelia-app="sample-app">
    <script src="jspm_packages/system.js"></script>
    <script src="config.js"></script>
    <script>
      System.config({
        "paths": {
          "*": "src/*.js"
        }
      });
    </script>
    <script>
      System.import('aurelia-bootstrapper');
    </script>
  </body>

Aurelia looks for a JavaScript file with the same name in the src directory for the main app config details.

In case you use Webpack, you can replace the aurelia-bootstrapper-webpack package with the ./src/main entry file in the aurelia-bootstrapper bundle defined inside of webpack.config.js, and call the bootstrapper manually:

/* recommended */
/* Based on Aurelia Hub */

import {bootstrap} from 'aurelia-bootstrapper-webpack';

bootstrap(async aurelia => {
  aurelia.use
    .standardConfiguration()
    .developmentLogging();

  await aurelia.start();
  aurelia.setRoot('app', document.body);
});

Back to top

Views and ViewModels

In Aurelia, user interface elements are composed of view and view-model pairs. The view is written with HTML and is rendered into the DOM. The view-model is written with JavaScript and provides data and behavior to the view. The templating engine and/or DI are responsible for creating these pairs and enforcing a predictable lifecycle for the process. Once instantiated, Aurelia's powerful databinding links the two pieces together allowing changes in your data to be reflected in the view and vice versa. This Separation of Concerns is great for developer/designer collaboration, maintainability, architectural flexibility, and even source control.

Dependency Injection

let's define a typical view-model class

/* recommended  */

/* App.js */
import {inject} from 'aurelia-framework';
import {HttpClient} from 'aurelia-fetch-client';

@inject(HttpClient)
export class App {
  constructor(http) {
   this.http = http;
  }

For static inject use this

/* recommended  */

/* App.js */
import {HttpClient} from 'aurelia-fetch-client';


export class App {
  static inject = [HttpClient];
  constructor(http) {
    this.http = http
  }
/* recommended */

/* App.js */
import {inject} from 'aurelia-framework'; // avoid from this line
import {HttpClient} from 'aurelia-fetch-client';

export class App {
 static inject = [HttpClient];
  constructor(http) {
   this.http = http;
  }

ES2016:

/* recommended */

/* App.js */
import {inject} from 'aurelia-framework'; // avoid from this line
import {HttpClient} from 'aurelia-fetch-client';

export class App {
  static get parameters() {
    return [[HttpClient]];
  }
  constructor(http) {
   this.http = http;
  }
/* avoid */

/* App.js */
import {inject} from 'aurelia-framework';
import {HttpClient} from 'aurelia-fetch-client';

export class App {
  constructor() {
   this.http = new HttpClient();
  }

If you are working with TypeScript, you can use the --emitDecoratorMetadata compiler flag along with Aurelia's @autoinject decorator to enable the framework to read the standard TS type information. As a result, there's no need to duplicate the types. Here's what that looks like:

/* recommended  */

/* App.ts */
import {autoinject} from 'aurelia-framework';
import {HttpClient} from 'aurelia-fetch-client';

@autoinject
export class App {
    constructor(private http:HttpClient) {
        this.http = http;
    }
}

Resolver

When explicitly declaring dependencies, it's important to know that they don't have to be just constructor types. They can also be instances of resolvers

/* recommended  */

/* app.js  */
import {Lazy, inject} from 'aurelia-framework';
import {HttpClient} from 'aurelia-fetch-client';

@inject(Lazy.of(HttpClient))
export class App{	  
	constructor(getHTTP){
		this.http = getHTTP;
	}
}

For static use this:

/* recommended  */

/* app.js  */
import {Lazy} from 'aurelia-framework';
import {HttpClient} from 'aurelia-fetch-client';

export class App {	  
 static inject = [Lazy.of(HttpClient)]
	constructor(getHTTP) {
		this.http = getHTTP;
	}
}

Back to top

Contributing

Open an issue first to discuss potential changes/additions. If you have questions with the guide, feel free to leave them as issues in the repository. If you find a typo, create a pull request. The idea is to keep the content up to date and use github’s native feature to help tell the story with issues and PR’s, which are all searchable via google. Why? Because odds are if you have a question, someone else does too! You can learn more here at about how to contribute. Back to top

You can’t perform that action at this time.