clojure.spec.alpha helpers that check for misspelled map keys, with expound integration
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README.md

spell-spec

Clojars Project

spell-spec is a Clojure/Script library that provides additional spec macros that have the same signature as clojure.spec.alpha/keys macro. spell-spec macros will also verify that unspecified map keys are not misspellings of specified map keys. spell-spec also provides expound integration for nicely formatted results.

If you are unfamiliar with Clojure Spec you can learn more from the official guide to Clojure Spec.

Example Specs and output:

(s/explain 
  (spell-spec.alpha/keys :opt-un [::hello ::there]) 
  {:there 1 :helloo 1})
;; In: [:helloo 0] val: :helloo fails at: [0] predicate: (not-misspelled #{:hello :there})
;; 	 :expound.spec.problem/type  :spell-spec.alpha/misspelled-key
;; 	 :spell-spec.alpha/misspelled-key  :helloo
;; 	 :spell-spec.alpha/likely-misspelling-of  :hello

Designed to work well with expound:

(expound/expound 
  (spell-spec.alpha/keys :opt-un [::hello ::there]) 
  {:there 1 :helloo 1})
;; -- Misspelled map key -------------
;;
;;   {:there ..., :helloo ...}
;;                ^^^^^^^
;;
;; should be spelled
;;
;;   :hello
;;
;; -------------------------
;; Detected 1 error

Maps remain open for keys that aren't similar to the specified keys.

(s/valid? 
  (spell-spec.alpha/keys :opt-un [::hello ::there]) 
  {:there 1 :hello 1 :barbara 1})
=> true

Also provides warnings instead of spec failures by binding spell-spec.alpha/*warn-only* to true

(binding [spell-spec.alpha/*warn-only* true]
  (s/valid? 
    (spell-spec.alpha/keys :opt-un [::hello ::there]) 
    {:there 1 :helloo 1}))
;; << printed to *err* >>
;; SPEC WARNING: possible misspelled map key :helloo should probably be :hello in {:there 1, :helloo 1}
=> true

or calling spell-spec.alpha/warn-keys

(s/valid?
  (spell-spec.alpha/warn-keys :opt-un [::hello ::there]) 
  {:there 1 :helloo 1})
;; << printed to *err* >>
;; SPEC WARNING: possible misspelled map key :helloo should probably be :hello in {:there 1, :helloo 1}
=> true

Why?

In certain situations there is a need to provide user feedback for miss-typed map keys. This is true for tool configuration and possibly any external API where users are repeatedly stung by single character mishaps. spell-spec can provide valuable feedback for these situations.

This library is an evolution of the library strictly-specking, which I wrote to validate the complex configuration of figwheel.

When I originally wrote strictly-specking, I really wanted to push the limits of what could be done to provide feedback for configuration errors. As a result the code in strictly-specking is very complex and tailored to the problem domain of configuration specification for a tool like figwheel.

When used with expound, spell-spec is a good enough approach which will provide good feedback for a much broader set of use cases. I am planning on using this approach instead of strictly-specking from now on.

spell-spec is much lighter as it has no dependencies other than of clojure.spec itself.

Usage

Add spell-spec as a dependency in your project config.

For leiningen in your project.clj :dependencies add:

:dependencies [[com.bhauman/spell-spec "0.1.1"]
               ;; if you want to use expound
               [expound "0.7.0"]]

For clojure cli tools in your deps.edn :deps key add:

{:deps {com.bhauman/spell-spec {:mvn/version "0.1.1"}
        ;; if you want to use expound
        expound {:mvn/version "0.7.0"}}}

Using with Expound

spell-spec does not declare expound as a dependency and does not automatically register its expound helpers.

If you want to use the spell-spec expound integration, then after expound.alpha has been required you will need to require spell-spec.expound to register the expound helpers. You will want to do this before you validate any spell-spec defined specs.

spell-spec.alpha/keys

keys is likely the macro that you will use most often when using spell-spec.

Use spell-spec.alpha/keys the same way that you would use clojure.spec.alpha/keys keeping in mind that the spec it creates will fail for keys that are misspelled.

spell-spec.alpha/keys is a spec macro that has the same signature and behavior as clojure.spec.alpha/keys. In addition to performing the same checks that clojure.spec.alpha/keys does, it checks to see if there are unknown keys present which are also close misspellings of the specified keys.

An important aspect of this behavior is that the map is left open to other keys that are not close misspellings of the specified keys. Keeping maps open is an important pattern in Clojure which allows one to simply add behavior to a program by adding extra data to maps that flow through functions. spell-spec.alpha/keys keeps this in mind and is fairly conservative in its spelling checks.

An example of using:

(require '[clojure.spec.alpha :as s])
(require '[spell-spec.alpha :as spell])

(s/def ::name string?)
(s/def ::use-history boolean?)

(s/def ::config (spell/keys :opt-un [::name ::use-history]))

(s/valid? ::config {:name "John" :use-hisory false :countr 1})
;; => false

(s/explain ::config {:name "John" :use-hisory false :countr 1})
;; In: [:use-hisory 0] val: :use-hisory fails at: [0] predicate: (not-misspelled #{:name :use-history})
;; 	 :expound.spec.problem/type  :spell-spec.alpha/misspelled-key
;; 	 :spell-spec.alpha/misspelled-key  :use-hisory
;; 	 :spell-spec.alpha/likely-misspelling-of  :use-history

;; to use with expound must first require expound
(require '[expound.alpha :refer [expound]])

;; and then the optional spell-spec expound helpers
(require 'spell-spec.expound)

(expound ::config {:name "John" :use-hisory false :countr 1})
;; -- Misspelled map key -------------
;;
;;   {:name ..., :use-hisory ..., :counter ...}
;;               ^^^^^^^^^^^
;;
;; should be spelled
;;
;;   :use-history
;;
;; -------------------------
;; Detected 1 error

spell-spec.alpha/strict-keys

strict-keys is very similar to spell-spec.alpha/keys except that the map is closed to keys that are not specified.

strict-keys will produce two types of validation problems: one for misspelled keys and one for unknown keys.

I really debated about whether I should add strict-keys to the library as it violates the Clojure idiom of keeping maps open. However, there are some situations where this behavior is warranted. I strongly advocate for the use of spell-spec.alpha/keys over strict-keys ... don't say I didn't warn you.

Example (continuation of the example session above):

(s/def ::strict-config (spell/strict-keys :opt-un [::name ::use-history]))

(s/valid? ::strict-config {:name "John" :use-hisory false :countr 1})
;; => false

(s/explain ::strict-config {:name "John" :use-hisory false :countr 1})
;; In: [:use-hisory 0] val: :use-hisory fails at: [0] predicate: #{:name :use-history}
;;   :expound.spec.problem/type  :spell-spec.alpha/misspelled-key
;; 	 :spell-spec.alpha/misspelled-key  :use-hisory
;; 	 :spell-spec.alpha/likely-misspelling-of  :use-history
;; In: [:countr 0] val: :countr fails at: [0] predicate: #{:name :use-history}
;; 	 :expound.spec.problem/type  :spell-spec.alpha/unknown-key
;;	 :spell-spec.alpha/unknown-key  :countr

(s/expound ::strict-config {:name "John" :use-hisory false :countr 1})
;; -- Misspelled map key -------------
;;
;;   {:name ..., :countr ..., :use-hisory ...}
;;                            ^^^^^^^^^^^
;;
;; should be spelled
;;
;;   :use-history
;;
;; -- Unknown map key ----------------
;;
;;   {:name ..., :use-hisory ..., :countr ...}
;;                                ^^^^^^^
;;
;; should be one of
;;
;;   :name, :use-history
;;
;; -------------------------
;; Detected 2 errors

Warnings only

One way to keep maps completely open is to simply warn when keys are misspelled or unknown, helpful feedback is still provided but the spec doesn't fail when these anomalies are detected.

Specs defined by spell-spec.alpha/keys and spell-spec.alpha/strict-keys will issue warnings instead of failing when one binds spell-spec.alpha/*warn-only* to true around the calls that verify the specs.

One can also use the following substitutions to get warnings instead of failures:

  • use spell-spec.alpha/warn-keys for spell-spec.alpha/keys
  • use spell-spec.alpha/warn-strict-keys for spell-spec.alpha/strict-keys

Handling warnings

By default warnings are printed to clojure.core/*err*. One can control how spell-spec warnings are reported by binding spell-spec.alpha/*warning-handler* to a function of one argument.

Example (continuing):

(s/def ::warn-config (spell/warn-strict-keys :opt-un [::name ::use-history]))

(binding [spell/*warning-handler* clojure.pprint/pprint]
  (s/valid? ::warn-config {:name "John" :use-hisory false :countr 1}))
;; << prints out >>
;; {:path [0],
;;  :pred #{:name :use-history},
;;  :val :use-hisory,
;;  :via [],
;;  :in [:use-hisory 0],
;;  :expound.spec.problem/type :spell-spec.alpha/misspelled-key,
;;  :spell-spec.alpha/misspelled-key :use-hisory,
;;  :spell-spec.alpha/likely-misspelling-of :use-history,
;;  :spell-spec.alpha/warning-message
;;  "possible misspelled map key :use-hisory should probably be :use-history in {:name \"John\", :use-hisory false, :countr 1}"
;;  :spell-spec.alpha/value {:name "John", :use-hisory false, :countr 1}}
;; {:path [0],
;;  :pred #{:name :use-history},
;;  :val :countr,
;;  :via [],
;;  :in [:countr 0],
;;  :expound.spec.problem/type :spell-spec.alpha/unknown-key,
;;  :spell-spec.alpha/unknown-key :countr,
;;  :spell-spec.alpha/warning-message
;;  "unknown map key :countr in {:name \"John\", :use-hisory false, :countr 1}"
;;  :spell-spec.alpha/value {:name "John", :use-hisory false, :countr 1}}
;; => true

Changing the threshold that detects misspelling

A misspelling is detected when an unknown map key is within a certain levenshtein distance from a specified map key. If the size of this distance is too big then the number of false positives goes up.

You can override the default behavior by binding the spell-spec.alpha/*length->threshold* to a function that takes one argument, the length of the shortest keyword (of two compared keywords) and returns an integer which is the threshold for the levenshtein distance.

Example (continuing):

(s/def ::namer (spell/keys :opt-un [::name]))

;; :namee one character off from :name an thus a detected misspelling
;; with a threshold of 1
(binding [spell/*length->threshold* (fn [_] 1)]
  (s/valid? ::namer {:namee "John"}))
;; => false

;; :nameee is two characters off from :name an thus an un-detected misspelling
;; with a threshold of 1
(binding [spell/*length->threshold* (fn [_] 1)]
  (s/valid? ::namer {:nameee "John"})) 
;; => true

;; with a threshold of 2 we can detect both of the above misspellings
(binding [spell/*length->threshold* (fn [_] 2)]
  (s/valid? ::namer {:namee "John"}))
;; => false
(binding [spell/*length->threshold* (fn [_] 2)]
  (s/valid? ::namer {:nameee "John"})) 
;; => false

License

Copyright © 2018 Bruce Hauman

Distributed under the Eclipse Public License either version 1.0 or (at your option) any later version.