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A Scope & Engine based, clean, powerful, customizable and sophisticated paginator for Rails 3
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A Scope & Engine based, clean, powerful, customizable and sophisticated paginator for modern web app frameworks and ORMs



Does not globally pollute Array, Hash, Object or AR::Base.

Easy to use

Just bundle the gem, then your models are ready to be paginated. No configuration required. Don't have to define anything in your models or helpers.

Simple scope-based API

Everything is method chainable with less “Hasheritis”. You know, that's the Rails 3 way. No special collection class or anything for the paginated values, instead using a general AR::Relation instance. So, of course you can chain any other conditions before or after the paginator scope.

Customizable engine-based I18n-aware helper

As the whole pagination helper is basically just a collection of links and non-links, Kaminari renders each of them through its own partial template inside the Engine. So, you can easily modify their behaviour, style or whatever by overriding partial templates.

ORM & template engine agnostic

Kaminari supports multiple ORMs (ActiveRecord, Mongoid, MongoMapper) multiple web frameworks (Rails, Sinatra), and multiple template engines (ERB, Haml).


The pagination helper outputs the HTML5 <nav> tag by default. Plus, the helper supports Rails 3 unobtrusive Ajax.

Supported versions

  • Ruby 1.8.7, 1.9.2, 1.9.3, 2.0 (trunk)

  • Rails 3.0.x, 3.1, 3.2, 4.0 (edge)

  • Haml 3+

  • Mongoid 2+

  • MongoMapper 0.9+

  • DataMapper 1.1.0+


Put this line in your Gemfile:

gem 'kaminari'

Then bundle:

% bundle


Query Basics

  • the page scope

    To fetch the 7th page of users (default per_page is 25)
  • the per scope

    To show a lot more users per each page (change the per_page value)

    Note that the per scope is not directly defined on the models but is just a method defined on the page scope. This is absolutely reasonable because you will never actually use per_page without specifying the page number.

  • the padding scope

    Occasionally you need to padding a number of records that is not a multiple of the page size.

    Note that the padding scope also is not directly defined on the models.

General configuration options

You can configure the following default values by overriding these values using Kaminari.configure method.

default_per_page  # 25 by default
window            # 4 by default
outer_window      # 0 by default
left              # 0 by default
right             # 0 by default
page_method_name  # :page by default
param_name        # :page by default

There's a handy generator that generates the default configuration file into config/initializers directory. Run the following generator command, then edit the generated file.

% rails g kaminari:config
  • changing page_method_name

    You can change the method name `page` to `bonzo` or `plant` or whatever you like, in order to play nice with existing `page` method or association or scope or any other plugin that defines `page` method on your models.

Configuring default per_page value for each model

  • paginates_per

    You can specify default per_page value per each model using the following declarative DSL.

    class User < ActiveRecord::Base
      paginates_per 50


  • the page parameter is in params[:page]

    Typically, your controller code will look like this:

    @users = User.order(:name).page params[:page]


  • the same old helper method

    Just call the paginate helper:

    <%= paginate @users %>

    This will render several ?page=N pagination links surrounded by an HTML5 <nav> tag.


  • the paginate helper method

    <%= paginate @users %>

    This would output several pagination links such as « First ‹ Prev ... 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ... Next › Last »

  • specifing the “inner window” size (4 by default)

    <%= paginate @users, :window => 2 %>

    This would output something like ... 5 6 7 8 9 ... when 7 is the current page.

  • specifing the “outer window” size (0 by default)

    <%= paginate @users, :outer_window => 3 %>

    This would output something like 1 2 3 4 ...(snip)... 17 18 19 20 while having 20 pages in total.

  • outer window can be separetely specified by left, right (0 by default)

    <%= paginate @users, :left => 1, :right => 3 %>

    This would output something like 1 ...(snip)... 18 19 20 while having 20 pages in total.

  • changing the parameter name (:param_name) for the links

    <%= paginate @users, :param_name => :pagina %>

    This would modify the query parameter name on each links.

  • extra parameters (:params) for the links

    <%= paginate @users, :params => {:controller => 'foo', :action => 'bar'} %>

    This would modify each link's url_option. :controller and :action might be the keys in common.

  • Ajax links (crazy simple, but works perfectly!)

    <%= paginate @users, :remote => true %>

    This would add data-remote="true" to all the links inside.

  • the link_to_next_page helper method

    <%= link_to_next_page @items, 'Next Page' %>

    This simply renders a link to the next page. This would be helpful for creating “Twitter like” pagination feature.

  • the page_entries_info helper method

    <%= page_entries_info @users %>

    This renders a helpful message with numbers of displayed vs. total entries.

I18n and labels

The default labels for 'first', 'last', 'previous', '…' and 'next' are stored in the I18n yaml inside the engine, and rendered through I18n API. You can switch the label value per I18n.locale for your internationalized application. Keys and the default values are the following. You can override them by adding to a YAML file in your Rails.root/config/locales directory.

      first: "&laquo; First"
      last: "Last &raquo;"
      previous: "&lsaquo; Prev"
      next: "Next &rsaquo;"
      truncate: "..."

Customizing the pagination helper

Kaminari includes a handy template generator.

  • to edit your paginator

    Run the generator first,

    % rails g kaminari:views default

    then edit the partials in your app's app/views/kaminari/ directory.

  • for Haml users

    Haml templates generator is also available by adding the -e haml option (this is automatically invoked when the default template_engine is set to Haml).

    % rails g kaminari:views default -e haml
  • themes

    The generator has the ability to fetch several sample template themes from the external repository ( in addition to the bundled “default” one, which will help you creating a nice looking paginator.

    % rails g kaminari:views THEME

    To see the full list of avaliable themes, take a look at the themes repository, or just hit the generator without specifying THEME argument.

    % rails g kaminari:views
  • multiple themes

    To utilize multiple themes from within a single application, create a directory within the app/views/kaminari/ and move your custom template files into that directory.

    % rails g kaminari:views default (skip if you have existing kaminari views)
    % cd app/views/kaminari
    % mkdir my_custom_theme
    % cp _*.html.* my_custom_theme/

    Next reference that directory when calling the paginate method:

    <%= paginate @users, :theme => 'my_custom_theme' %>

    Customize away!

    Note: if the theme isn't present or none is specified, kaminari will default back to the views included within the gem.

Paginating a generic Array object

Kaminari provides an Array wrapper class that adapts a generic Array object to the paginate view helper. However, the paginate helper doesn't automatically handle your Array object (this is intentional and by design). Kaminari::paginate_array method converts your Array object into a paginatable Array that accepts page method.


You can specify the `total_count` value through options Hash. This would be helpful when handling an Array-ish object that has a different `count` value from actual `count` such as RSolr search result.

Creating friendly URLs and caching

Because of the `page` parameter and Rails 3 routing, you can easily generate SEO and user-friendly URLs. For any resource you'd like to paginate, just add the following to your `routes.rb`:

resources :my_resources do
  get 'page/:page', :action => :index, :on => :collection

This will create URLs like `/my_resources/page/33` instead of `/my_resources?page=33`. This is now a friendly URL, but it also has other added benefits…

Because the `page` parameter is now a URL segment, we can leverage on Rails page caching!

NOTE: In this example, I've pointed the route to my `:index` action. You may have defined a custom pagination action in your controller - you should point `:action => :your_custom_action` instead.

Sinatra/Padrino support

Since version 0.13.0, kaminari started to support Sinatra or Sinatra-based frameworks experimentally.

To use kaminari and its helpers with these frameworks,

require 'kaminari/sinatra'

or edit gemfile:

gem 'kaminari', :require => 'kaminari/sinatra'

More features are coming, and again, this is still experimental. Please let us know if you found anything wrong with the Sinatra support.

For more information

Check out Kaminari recipes on the GitHub Wiki for more advanced tips and techniques.

Build Status

Questions, Feedback

Feel free to message me on Github (amatsuda) or Twitter (@a_matsuda) ☇☇☇ :)

Contributing to Kaminari

  • Fork, fix, then send me a pull request.


Copyright © 2011 Akira Matsuda. See MIT-LICENSE for further details.

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