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README.textile

Interpreted language built on .NET/Mono

  • Dynamic and strong typing
  • Everything is an (expando) object
  • Prototypal inheritance
  • First-class functions
  • CLR interoperability
  • Cross-platform (Windows, OSX, Linux)

Examples

Fibonacci

func fib( n ) {
    n <= 2 ? n: fib( n - 1 ) + fib( n - 2 )
}
print( "n: " );
var n = readln();
println( fib( n.to_number() ) );
read();

Memoize

func memoize(f) {
  var cache = {
    member_missing: func() { null }
  };
  return func recur(n) {
    cache[n] || (cache[n] = f(recur, n));
  };
}
var m_fib = memoize(func(recur, n) {
  n < 2 ? 1 : recur(n-1) + recur(n-2);
});

Curry

Bike.Function.curry = func( *args ) {
	if ( args == null || args.size() == 0 ) return this;
	var me = this;
	return func( *more ) {
		if ( more != null )  
			args.add_all( more );
		me.call( this, *args );
	};
};
func add( a, b ) { a + b }
var addTo2 = add.curry( 2 );
println( addTo2( 3 ) );

Missing

obj = {
  member_missing: func(name) {
    if (name == "add") {
      return func(a, b) { a + b };
    } 
  }
};
println(obj.add(1, 2));

WinForms

load 'System.Drawing, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b03f5f7f11d50a3a';
load 'System.Windows.Forms, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089';
var btn = System.Windows.Forms.Button();
btn.Text = "Click count: 0";
btn.Size = System.Drawing.Size( 100, 30 );
var count = 0;
btn.Click += func() {
	this.Text = "Click count: {0}".with( ++count );
};
var form = System.Windows.Forms.Form();
form.Text = "My Dialog Box";
form.Controls.Add( btn );
form.ShowDialog();

GTK

load 'gtk-sharp, Version=2.12.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=35e10195dab3c99f';
Gtk.Application.Init();
var lblHello = Gtk.Label();
var btnHello = Gtk.Button("Hello");
var count = 0;
btnHello.Clicked += func() {
	lblHello.Text = "Hello World ({0} {1})".with(
		++count, "time" + (count == 1 ? "" : "s"));
};
var btnQuit = Gtk.Button("Quit");
btnQuit.Clicked += func() {
	Gtk.Application.Quit();
};
var box = Gtk.VBox(false, 10);
box.PackStart(btnHello, true, true, 0);
box.PackStart(lblHello, true, true, 0);
box.PackStart(btnQuit, true, true, 0);
var win = Gtk.Window("Hello World");
win.DeleteEvent += func() {
	Gtk.Application.Quit();
};
win.Add(box);
win.Resize(300, 200);
win.ShowAll();
Gtk.Application.Run();

Run Bike

I don’t update the Mac OSX and Windows installers frequently, except for major releases. So to access latest features, you should follow these steps:

  • Fork or download code
  • Build (with VS.NET or MonoDevelop, if you’re on Mac OSX)
  • If you use Windows, run
    [code_folder]/src/Bike.Console/bin/Debug/bike.exe" -h="[code_folder]" bike_file.bk
  • If you use Mac OSX, run
    /usr/bin/mono "[code_folder]/src/Bike.Console/bin/Debug/bike.exe" -h="[code_folder]" bike_file.bk

Notes:
- You should configure NotePad++, TextMate or whatever code editor to run bike based on the above commands
- NotePad++ users can use this file to enable syntax highlighting (View > User-Defined Dialog > Import)
- I will upload a TextMate bundle later

Install Bike on Mac OSX

  • Prerequisite: Mono 2.10.2 (not tested yet with earlier versions)
  • Download bike.pkg in installers/osx
  • Run bike.pkg to install Bike
  • Open the Terminal and type the followings
    cat > hello.bk
    println('Hello World');
    Ctrl-D
    bike.sh hello.bk

Notes:
- If you didn’t install Mono or Bike to their default folders, modify /usr/local/bin/bike.sh to use correct paths
- If you want to double-click to execute a Bike file in Finder, associate the .bk extension to Applications/bike/bin/bike.app

Install Bike on Windows

  • Prerequisite: .NET 4.0
  • Download bike.exe in installers/win
  • Run bike.exe to extract and install Bike
  • Create a file named hello.bk with this content
    println('Hello World');
  • In the cmd, type bike hello.bk to execute it. Alternatively, you can double-click a Bike file in Windows Explorer.

The setup program also makes the following changes to your system:
- BIKE_HOME env variable pointing to the installation folder
- Append [installation_folder]bin/ to PATH env variable
- Associate .bk extension with bike.exe

Bike folder structure

In OSX, Bike is installed to Applications/bike. In Windows, Bike is installed to Program Files/bike. The structure of the Bike folder is as follows:

  • bin: binaries and dependencies and
    • bike.app (OSX only): the app you can used to associate with .bk files so that they are executable via Finder
    • bike.action (OSX only): the Automator action code used to create bike.app, feel free to customize
    • bike.sh (OSX only): the shell script used to run Bike (the same file also exists in /usr/local/bin)
  • lib
    • src
      • core: Library source code
      • test: Test for library
      • tools: Bike doc and unit tools
    • doc: API documentation
  • samples: Sample programs, most notable is spec.bk
  • resources (Windows only)
    • np.xml: Syntax highlighting file for NotePad++ (in NotePad++, select View > User-Defined Dialog > Import)
  • LICENSE

What’s next?

  • Want to learn more about Bike? Take a look at sample code in samples. The file spec.bk should give you a good overview.
  • Want to contribute? There are many things you can do to help:
    • Implement features (see Issues tab)
    • Suggest new features
    • Report or fix bugs
    • Document code or features
    • Add unit test cases

Contact

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