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Using Credentials

mpgn edited this page Apr 30, 2020 · 27 revisions

Using Credentials

Every protocol supports using credentials in one form or another. For details on using credentials with a specific protocol, see the appropriate wiki section.

Generally speaking, to use credentials, you can run the following commands:

crackmapexec <protocol> <target(s)> -u username -p password

Note 1: When using usernames or passwords that contain special symbols, wrap them in single quotes to make your shell interpret them as a string.

Example:

crackmapexec <protocol> <target(s)> -u username -p 'Admin!123@'

Note 2: Due to a bug in Python's argument parsing library, credentials beginning with a dash (-) will throw an expected at least one argument error message. To get around this, specify the credentials by using the 'long' argument format (note the = sign):

crackmapexec <protocol> <target(s)> -u='-username' -p='-Admin!123@'

Using a credential set from the database

By specifying a credential ID (or multiple credential IDs) with the -id flag CME will automatically pull that credential from the back-end database and use it to authenticate (saves a lot of typing):

crackmapexec <protocol> <target(s)> -id <cred ID(s)>

Multi-domain environment

https://github.com/byt3bl33d3r/CrackMapExec/issues/243

You can use CME with mulitple domain environment

crackmapexec <protocol> <target(s)> -p FILE -u password

Where FILE is a file with usernames in this format

DOMAIN1\user
DOMAIN2\user

Brute Forcing & Password Spraying

All protocols support brute-forcing and password spraying. For details on brute-forcing/password spraying with a specific protocol, see the appropriate wiki section.

By specifying a file or multiple values CME will automatically brute-force logins for all targets using the specified protocol:

Examples:

crackmapexec <protocol> <target(s)> -u username1 -p password1 password2
crackmapexec <protocol> <target(s)> -u username1 username2 -p password1
crackmapexec <protocol> <target(s)> -u ~/file_containing_usernames -p ~/file_containing_passwords
crackmapexec <protocol> <target(s)> -u ~/file_containing_usernames -H ~/file_containing_ntlm_hashes

Password Spraying without bruteforce

Can be usefull for protocols like WinRM and MSSQL. This option avoid the bruteforce when you use files (-u file -p file)

crackmapexec <protocol> <target(s)> -u ~/file_containing_usernames -H ~/file_containing_ntlm_hashes --no-bruteforce
crackmapexec <protocol> <target(s)> -u ~/file_containing_usernames -p ~/file_containing_passwords --no-bruteforce
user1 -> pass1
user2 -> pass2

Note: By default CME will exit after a successful login is found. Using the --continue-on-success flag will continue spraying even after a valid password is found. Usefull for spraying a single password against a large user list.

crackmapexec <protocol> <target(s)> -u ~/file_containing_usernames -H ~/file_containing_ntlm_hashes --no-bruteforce --continue-on-success