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Automated Functional testing for Android based on cucumber

README.md

Welcome to Calabash for Android

Calabash is an automated testing technology for Android and iOS native and hybrid applications. This repository contains support for Android, for iOS, see Calabash Landing Page.

Calabash is a free open source project, developed and maintained by Xamarin.

While Calabash is completely free, Xamarin provides a number of commercial services centered around Calabash and quality assurance for mobile, namely Xamarin Test Cloud consisting of hosted test-execution environments which let you execute Calabash tests on a large number of Android and iOS devices.

Please see xamarin.com/test-cloud.

If you have any questions on Calabash-Android, please use the Google group http://groups.google.com/group/calabash-android

Documentation

The documention is split into the following sections:

Generate a Cucumber skeleton

To get started with calabash it might be a good idea to run calabash-android gen. It will create a Cucumber skeleton in the current folder like this:

features
|_support
| |_app_installation_hooks.rb
| |_app_life_cycle_hooks.rb
| |_env.rb
|_step_definitions
| |_calabash_steps.rb
|_my_first.feature

In this skeleton you find all the predefined steps that comes with calabash. Try to take a look my_first.feature and change it to fit your app.

Writing a test

The Cucumber features goes in the features library and should have the ".feature" extension.

You can start out by looking at features/my_first.feature. You can extend this feature or make your own using some of the predefined steps that comes with Calabash.

Running test

To run your test:

calabash-android run <apk>

Calabash-android will install an instrumentation along with your app when executing the app. We call this instrumentation for "test server". The "test server" has special permission that allows it to interact very closely with your app during test. Everytime you test a new binary or use an upgraded version of calabash a new test server will be build. The test server is an intrumentation that will run along with your app on the device to execute the test.

Screenshot location

Screenshots are placed in the current working directory by default. The location can be changed by setting the SCREENSHOT_PATH environment variable.

SCREENSHOT_PATH=/tmp/foo/ calabash-android run

would cause the first screenshot to appear at /tmp/foo/screenshot_0.png.

Predefined steps

The predefined steps are located in the features/step_definitions folder. A compiled list of predefined steps with comments is available here

Troubleshooting

Problems clicking on buttons and text

If it seems that buttons/text aren't being clicked properly, you need to add the following xml to your AndroidManifest.xml:

<uses-sdk android:targetSdkVersion="SDK_VERSION" />

Where SDK_VERSION is the version of the Android SDK you are using. Version numbers can be found here

For example, Android 4.0 uses version 14, Android 4.0.3 uses version 15 and Android 4.1 uses version 16.

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