What is this?
A simple demo showing how to use React and Redux middleware to control a Web Audio API system.
DTMF (Dual-tone multi-frequency) signaling is the audio protocol used by TouchTone telephones to dial numbers. In short, when a key on the keypad is pressed, two frequencies are emitted, according to the following table:
We can simulate a TouchTone keypad using the Web Audio API by wiring up a couple of oscillators and telling them which frequencies to play when we press a key. The question is how to interface such an audio system with a React/Redux application.
With React/Redux, reducers generally handle actions that we dispatch from the UI, e.g., 'play these two tones'. However reducers are meant to manage serializable application state. A Web Audio system is not a serializable object and has no place being handled in a reducer. Instead, we handle such things with middleware.
Install Node and npm
Node 10.0 or above (also installs npm)
Install Node modules
cd path/to/react-dtmf-dialer (the rest of this document assumes you are at this location)
The npm script to launch the application has been defined in
Inside your IDE
If you're running a modern IDE like Webstorm, you can just open the npm window and double-click on each
From the command line
npm run start
Once that's done, open a browser window and navigate to
You should see the application keypad:
Click a key to hear that TouchTone goodness.
This React client uses:
- react-scripts for abstracting away the config of Babel, Webpack, and JSX
- redux to manage application state
- react-redux to inject the store's dispatch function and selected parts of the application state into any component's props.
- bootstrap for UI components
- react-bootstrap for integration of bootstrap with react
- styled-components to apply CSS for managing the layout and making the buttons nice and square
- react-app-rewired for overriding react-scripts so styled-components can do its magic