docker-gc-cron container will periodically run the very excellent Spotify docker-gc script script to automatically clean up unused containers and images. It's particularly useful when deployed on systems onto which large numbers of Docker images and containers are built or pulled, such as CI nodes.
By default, the process will run each night at midnight, but the timing and other behaviors can be precisely specified using standard
cron syntax. A
docker-compose.yml file for this purpose can be found in the
compose directory of this repository to simplify execution.
$ wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/clockworksoul/docker-gc-cron/master/compose/docker-gc-exclude $ wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/clockworksoul/docker-gc-cron/master/compose/docker-compose.yml $ docker-compose up -d
This will pull and execute a
docker-gc-cron image associated with your installed Docker daemon. By default, the garbage collection process will execute nightly at midnight, but this can be easily changed by modifying the
CRON property (see below).
docker-gc-exclude is necessary when using this
Supported Environmental Settings
The container understands all of the settings that are supported by docker-gc, as well as additional settings that can be used to modify the cleanup frequency.
Much of the following documentation is borrowed and modified directly from the docker-gc README.
All of the following environmental variables can also be used by getting and modifying the
Modifying the cleanup schedule
By default, the docker-gc-cron process will run nightly at midnight (cron "0 0 * * *"). This schedule can be overridden by using the
CRON setting as follows:
docker run -d -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock -e CRON="0 */6 * * *" clockworksoul/docker-gc-cron
Forcing deletion of images that have multiple tags
By default, docker will not remove an image if it is tagged in multiple repositories. If you have a server running Docker where this is the case, for example in CI environments where dockers are being built, re-tagged, and pushed, you can enable a force flag to override this default.
docker run -d -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock -e FORCE_IMAGE_REMOVAL=1 clockworksoul/docker-gc-cron
Preserving a minimum number of images for every repository
You might want to always keep a set of the most recent images for any repository. For example, if you are continually rebuilding an image during development you would want to clear out all but the most recent version of an image. To do so, set the
MINIMUM_IMAGES_TO_SAVE=1 environment variable. You can preserve any count of the most recent images, e.g. save the most recent 10 with
docker run -d -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock -e MINIMUM_IMAGES_TO_SAVE=3 clockworksoul/docker-gc-cron
Forcing deletion of containers
By default, if an error is encountered when cleaning up a container, Docker will report the error back and leave it on disk. This can sometimes lead to containers accumulating. If you run into this issue, you can force the removal of the container by setting the environment variable below:
docker run -d -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock -e FORCE_CONTAINER_REMOVAL=1 clockworksoul/docker-gc-cron
Excluding Recently Exited Containers and Images From Garbage Collection
docker-gc will not remove a container if it exited less than 3600 seconds (1 hour) ago. In some cases you might need to change this setting (e.g. you need exited containers to stick around for debugging for several days). Set the
GRACE_PERIOD_SECONDS variable to override this default.
docker run -d -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock -e GRACE_PERIOD_SECONDS=86400 clockworksoul/docker-gc-cron
This setting also prevents the removal of images that have been created less than
GRACE_PERIOD_SECONDS seconds ago.
Cleaning up orphaned container volumes
Orphaned volumes that were created by containers that no longer exist can, over time, grow to take up a significant amount of disk space. By default, this process will leave any orphaned volumes untouched. However, to instruct the process to automatically clean up any dangling volumes using a
docker volume rm $(docker volume ls -qf dangling=true) call after the
docker-gc process has been executed, simply set the
CLEAN_UP_VOLUMES value to
docker run -d -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock -e CLEAN_UP_VOLUMES=1 clockworksoul/docker-gc-cron
docker-gc will proceed with deletion of containers and images. To test your command-line options set the
DRY_RUN variable to override this default.
docker run -d -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock -e DRY_RUN=1 clockworksoul/docker-gc-cron