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Simple ActiveRecord implementation for working with your database in Swift.

  • Easy setup
  • Beautiful syntax
  • Generically typed

Getting Started

Clone the Example project to start making your application. If you are also looking for a web server, check out Vapor. It was built to work well with Fluent.

You must have Swift 2.2 or later installed. You can learn more about Swift 2.2 at

Work in Progress

This is a work in progress, so don't rely on this for anything important. And pull requests are welcome!


Using Fluent is simple and expressive.

if let user = User.find(5) {
	print("Found \(") = "New Name"

Underlying Fluent is a powerful Query builder.

let user = Query<User>().filter("id", notIn: [1, 2, 3]).filter("age", .GreaterThan, 21).first


Start by importing Fluent into your application.

import Fluent


import PackageDescription

let package = Package(
    name: "FluentApp",
    dependencies: [
        .Package(url: "", majorVersion: 0)


Fluent currently supports SQLite. Support for MySQL, and MongoDB are in the works.

Print Driver

By default, the PrintDriver is enabled. This driver will simply print out the commands you make to Fluent. This is only useful for development of Fluent.


Start by ensuring SQLite3 is installed on your machine. If you are on a Mac, it will already be installed. For Linux, simply run sudo apt-get install libsqlite3-dev.

Once SQLite3 is installed, add the Fluent SQLiteDriver to your project.


.Package(url: "", majorVersion: 0)

Then import the driver and set it as your default database driver.

import SQLiteDriver

Database.driver = SQLiteDriver()

You are now ready to use SQLite. The database file will be stored in Database/main.sqlite.


Make your application models conform to the Model protocol to allow them to work with Fluent.

public protocol Model {
	///The entities database identifier. `nil` when not saved yet.
	var id: String? { get }

	///The database table in which entities are stored.
	static var table: String { get }

		This method will be called when the entity is saved. 
		The keys of the dictionary are the column names
		in the database.
	func serialize() -> [String: String]

	init(serialized: [String: String])

When your application models conform to the Model protocol, they gain access to the following helper functions.

extension Model {
	public func save()
	public func delete()
	public static func find(id: Int) -> Self?


Create an instance of the query builder by passing one of your application models that conforms to the Model protocol.

let query = Query<User>()


You can filter by equivalence relations, as well is in/not in relations.


query.filter("age", .GreaterThan, 21)
public enum Comparison {
	case Equals, NotEquals, GreaterThanOrEquals, LessThanOrEquals, GreaterThan, LessThan


query.filter("id", in: [1, 2, 3])
public enum Comparison {
	case In, NotIn


Call .results for all of the results from the query, or .first for only the first result.


Call .delete to delete all rows affected by the query.


Call .save(model: T), passing in an instance of the class used to instantiate the Query to save it. This performs the same function as calling .save() on the model itself.


Fluent has been successfully tested on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS (DigitalOcean) and Ubuntu 15.10 (VirtualBox).

To deploy to DigitalOcean, simply

  • Install Swift 2.2
    • wget the .tar.gz from Apple
    • Set the export PATH in your ~/.bashrc
    • (you may need to install binutils as well if you see ar not found)
  • Clone your fork of the fluent-example repository to the server
  • cd into the repository
    • Run swift build
    • Run .build/debug/MyApp

My website is currently running using Vapor and Fluent.


Simple ActiveRecord implementation for Swift




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