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WP Queue

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Job queues for WordPress.


The recommended way to install this library in your project is by loading it through Composer:

composer require deliciousbrains/wp-queue

It is highly recommended to prefix wrap the library class files using PHP-Scoper, to prevent collisions with other projects using this same library.


WP_Queue requires PHP 7.3+.

The following database tables need to be created:

CREATE TABLE {$wpdb->prefix}queue_jobs (
    id bigint(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
    job longtext NOT NULL,
    attempts tinyint(3) NOT NULL DEFAULT 0,
    reserved_at datetime DEFAULT NULL,
    available_at datetime NOT NULL,
    created_at datetime NOT NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY (id)
CREATE TABLE {$wpdb->prefix}queue_failures (
    id bigint(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
    job longtext NOT NULL,
    error text DEFAULT NULL,
    failed_at datetime NOT NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY (id)

Alternatively, you can call the wp_queue_install_tables() helper function to install the tables. If using WP_Queue in a plugin you may opt to call the helper from within your register_activation_hook.


Job classes should extend the WP_Queue\Job class and normally only contain a handle method which is called when the job is processed by the queue worker. Any data required by the job should be passed to the constructor and assigned to a public property. This data will remain available once the job is retrieved from the queue. Let's look at an example job class:


use WP_Queue\Job;

class Subscribe_User_Job extends Job {

	 * @var int
	public $user_id;

	 * Subscribe_User_Job constructor.
	 * @param int $user_id
	public function __construct( $user_id ) {
		$this->user_id = $user_id;

	 * Handle job logic.
	public function handle() {
		$user = get_user_by( 'ID', $this->user_id );

		// Process the user...


Dispatching Jobs

Jobs can be pushed to the queue like so:

wp_queue()->push( new Subscribe_User_Job( 12345 ) );

You can create delayed jobs by passing an optional second parameter to the push method. This job will be delayed by 60 minutes:

wp_queue()->push( new Subscribe_User_Job( 12345 ), 3600 );

Cron Worker

Jobs need to be processed by a queue worker. You can start a cron worker like so, which piggy backs onto WP cron:


You can also specify the number of times a job should be attempted before being marked as a failure.

wp_queue()->cron( 3 );

Restricting Allowed Job Classes

The queue will handle any subclass of WP_Queue\Job. For better security, it is strongly recommended that the DatabaseConnection be instantiated with a list of allowed Job subclasses that are expected to be handled.

You can do that by passing in an array of Job subclasses when the Queue sets up its database connection, or by having a database connection that only handles certain Job subclasses.

class Connection extends DatabaseConnection {
    public function __construct( $wpdb, array $allowed_job_classes = [] ) {
        // If a connection is always dealing with the same Jobs,
        // you could explicitly set the allowed job classes here
        // rather than pass them in.
        if ( empty( $allowed_job_classes ) ) {
            $allowed_job_classes = [ Subscribe_User_Job::class ];

        parent::__construct( $wpdb, $allowed_job_classes );

        $this->jobs_table     = $wpdb->base_prefix . 'myplugin_subs_jobs';
        $this->failures_table = $wpdb->base_prefix . 'myplugin_subs_failures';

class Subscribe_User_Queue extends Queue {
    public function __construct() {
        global $wpdb;

        // Set up custom database queue, with list of allowed job classes.
        parent::__construct( new Connection( $wpdb, [ Subscribe_User_Job::class ] ) );

        // Other set up stuff ...

class MyPlugin {
     * @var Subscribe_User_Queue
    private $queue;

    public function __construct() {
        // Part of bring-up ...
        $this->queue = new Subscribe_User_Queue();
        // Other stuff ...

    protected function subscribe_user( $user_id ) {
        $this->queue->push( new Subscribe_User_Job( $user_id ) );

     * Triggered by cron or background process etc.
     * @return bool
    protected function process_queue_job() {
        return $this->queue->worker()->process();

Local Development

When developing locally you may want jobs processed instantly, instead of them being pushed to the queue. This can be useful for debugging jobs via Xdebug. Add the following filter to use the sync connection.

add_filter( 'wp_queue_default_connection', function() {
	return 'sync';
} );


Contributions are welcome via Pull Requests, but please do raise an issue before working on anything to discuss the change if there isn't already an issue. If there is an approved issue you'd like to tackle, please post a comment on it to let people know you're going to have a go at it so that effort isn't wasted through duplicated work.

Unit & Style Tests

When working on the library, please add unit tests to the appropriate file in the tests directory that cover your changes.

Setting Up

We use the standard WordPress test libraries for running unit tests.

Please run the following command to set up the libraries:

bin/ db_name db_user db_pass

Substitute db_name, db_user and db_pass as appropriate.

Please be aware that running the unit tests is a destructive operation, database tables will be cleared, so please use a database name dedicated to running unit tests. The standard database name usually used by the WordPress community is wordpress_test, e.g.

bin/ wordpress_test root root

Please refer to the Initialize the testing environment locally section of the WordPress Handbook's Plugin Integration Tests entry should you run into any issues.

Running Unit Tests

To run the unit tests, simply run:

make test-unit

If the composer dependencies aren't in place, they'll be automatically installed first.

Running Style Tests

It's important that the code in the library use a consistent style to aid in quickly understanding it, and to avoid some common issues. PHP_Code_Sniffer is used with mostly standard WordPress rules to help check for consistency.

To run the style tests, simply run:

make test-style

If the composer dependencies aren't in place, they'll be automatically installed first.

Running All Tests

To make things super simple, just run the following to run all tests:


If the composer dependencies aren't in place, they'll be automatically installed first.

Creating a PR

When creating a PR, please make sure to mention which GitHub issue is being resolved at the top of the description, e.g.:

Resolves #123

The unit and style tests will be run automatically, the PR will not be eligible for merge unless they pass, and the branch is up-to-date with master.


WP Queue is open-sourced software licensed under the MIT license.