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README.md

doctl

The doctl mascot.

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doctl is a command-line interface (CLI) for the DigitalOcean API.

Usage:
  doctl [command]

Available Commands:
  1-click         Display commands that pertain to 1-click applications
  account         Display commands that retrieve account details
  auth            Display commands for authenticating doctl with an account
  balance         Display commands for retrieving your account balance
  billing-history Display commands for retrieving your billing history
  completion      Modify your shell so doctl commands autocomplete with TAB
  compute         Display commands that manage infrastructure
  databases       Display commands that manage databases
  help            Help with any command
  invoice         Display commands for retrieving invoices for your account
  kubernetes      Displays commands to manage Kubernetes clusters and configurations
  projects        Manage projects and assign resources to them
  registry        [EA] Display commands for working with container registries
  version         Show the current version
  vpcs            Display commands that manage VPCs

Flags:
  -t, --access-token string   API V2 access token
  -u, --api-url string        Override default API endpoint
  -c, --config string         Specify a custom config file (default "$HOME/.config/doctl/config.yaml")
      --context string        Specify a custom authentication context name
  -h, --help                  help for doctl
  -o, --output string         Desired output format [text|json] (default "text")
      --trace                 Show a log of network activity while performing a command
  -v, --verbose               Enable verbose output

Use "doctl [command] --help" for more information about a command.

See the full reference documentation for information about each available command.

Installing doctl

Using a Package Manager (Preferred)

A package manager allows you to install and keep up with new doctl versions using only a few commands. Our community distributes doctl via a growing set of package managers in addition to the officially supported set listed below; chances are good a solution exists for your platform.

MacOS

Use Homebrew to install doctl on macOS:

brew install doctl

doctl is also available via MacPorts. Note that the port is community maintained and may not be on the latest version.

Snap supported OS

Use Snap on Snap-supported systems to install doctl:

sudo snap install doctl
Use with kubectl

Using kubectl requires the kube-config personal-files connection for doctl:

sudo snap connect doctl:kube-config
Using doctl compute ssh

Using doctl compute ssh requires the core ssh-keys interface:

sudo snap connect doctl:ssh-keys :ssh-keys
Use with Docker

Using doctl registry login requires the dot-docker personal-files connection for doctl:

sudo snap connect doctl:dot-docker

This allows doctl to add DigitalOcean container registry credentials to your Docker configuration file.

Arch Linux

doctl is available in the official Arch Linux repository:

sudo pacman -S doctl

As an alternative, you can install it from the AUR.

Nix supported OS

Users of NixOS or other supported platforms may install doctl from Nixpkgs. Please note this package is also community maintained and may not be on the latest version.

Docker Hub

Containers for each release are available under the digitalocean organization on Docker Hub. Links to the containers are available in the GitHub releases.

Downloading a Release from GitHub

Visit the Releases page for the doctl GitHub project, and find the appropriate archive for your operating system and architecture. Download the archive from your browser or copy its URL and retrieve it to your home directory with wget or curl.

For example, with wget:

cd ~
wget https://github.com/digitalocean/doctl/releases/download/v<version>/doctl-<version>-linux-amd64.tar.gz

Or with curl:

cd ~
curl -OL https://github.com/digitalocean/doctl/releases/download/v<version>/doctl-<version>-linux-amd64.tar.gz

Extract the binary:

tar xf ~/doctl-<version>-linux-amd64.tar.gz

Or download and extract with this oneliner:

curl -sL https://github.com/digitalocean/doctl/releases/download/v<version>/doctl-<version>-linux-amd64.tar.gz | tar -xzv

where <version> is the full semantic version, e.g., 1.17.0.

On Windows systems, you should be able to double-click the zip archive to extract the doctl executable.

Move the doctl binary to somewhere in your path. For example, on GNU/Linux and OS X systems:

sudo mv ~/doctl /usr/local/bin

Windows users can follow How to: Add Tool Locations to the PATH Environment Variable in order to add doctl to their PATH.

Building with Docker

If you have Docker configured, you can build a local Docker image using doctl's Dockerfile and run doctl within a container.

docker build --tag=doctl .

Then you can run it within a container.

docker run --rm --interactive --tty --env=DIGITALOCEAN_ACCESS_TOKEN="your_DO_token" doctl any_doctl_command

Building the Development Version from Source

If you have a Go environment configured, you can install the development version of doctl from the command line.

go get github.com/digitalocean/doctl/cmd/doctl

While the development version is a good way to take a peek at doctl's latest features before they get released, be aware that it may have bugs. Officially released versions will generally be more stable.

Dependencies

doctl uses Go modules with vendoring.

Authenticating with DigitalOcean

To use doctl, you need to authenticate with DigitalOcean by providing an access token, which can be created from the Applications & API section of the Control Panel. You can learn how to generate a token by following the DigitalOcean API guide.

Docker users will have to use the DIGITALOCEAN_ACCESS_TOKEN environmental variable to authenticate, as explained in the Installation section of this document.

If you're not using Docker to run doctl, authenticate with the auth init command.

doctl auth init

You will be prompted to enter the DigitalOcean access token that you generated in the DigitalOcean control panel.

DigitalOcean access token: your_DO_token

After entering your token, you will receive confirmation that the credentials were accepted. If the token doesn't validate, make sure you copied and pasted it correctly.

Validating token: OK

This will create the necessary directory structure and configuration file to store your credentials.

Logging into multiple DigitalOcean accounts

doctl allows you to log in to multiple DigitalOcean accounts at the same time and easily switch between them with the use of authentication contexts.

By default, a context named default is used. To create a new context, run doctl auth init --context <new-context-name>. You may also pass the new context's name using the DIGITALOCEAN_CONTEXT environment variable. You will be prompted for your API access token which will be associated with the new context.

To use a non-default context, pass the context name to any doctl command. For example:

doctl compute droplet list --context <new-context-name>

To set a new default context, run doctl auth switch --context <new-context-name>. This command will save the current context to the config file and use it for all commands by default if a context is not specified.

The --access-token flag or DIGITALOCEAN_ACCESS_TOKEN variable are acknowledged only if the default context is used. Otherwise, they will have no effect on what API access token is used. To temporarily override the access token if a different context is set as default, use doctl --context default --access-token your_DO_token ....

Configuring Default Values

The doctl configuration file is used to store your API Access Token as well as the defaults for command flags. If you find yourself using certain flags frequently, you can change their default values to avoid typing them every time. This can be useful when, for example, you want to change the username or port used for SSH.

On OS X, doctl saves its configuration as ${HOME}/Library/Application Support/doctl/config.yaml. The ${HOME}/Library/Application Support/doctl/ directory will be created once you run doctl auth init.

On Linux, doctl saves its configuration as ${XDG_CONFIG_HOME}/doctl/config.yaml if the ${XDG_CONFIG_HOME} environmental variable is set, or ~/.config/doctl/config.yaml if it is not. On Windows, the config file location is %APPDATA%\doctl\config.yaml.

The configuration file is automatically created and populated with default properties when you authenticate with doctl for the first time. The typical format for a property is category.command.sub-command.flag: value. For example, the property for the force flag with tag deletion is tag.delete.force.

To change the default SSH user used when connecting to a Droplet with doctl, look for the compute.ssh.ssh-user property and change the value after the colon. In this example, we changed it to the username sammy.

. . .
compute.ssh.ssh-user: sammy
. . .

Save and close the file. The next time you use doctl, the new default values you set will be in effect. In this example, that means that it will SSH as the sammy user (instead of the default root user) next time you log into a Droplet.

Enabling Shell Auto-Completion

doctl also has auto-completion support. It can be set up so that if you partially type a command and then press TAB, the rest of the command is automatically filled in. For example, if you type doctl comp<TAB><TAB> drop<TAB><TAB> with auto-completion enabled, you'll see doctl compute droplet appear on your command prompt.

Note: Shell auto-completion is not available for Windows users.

How you enable auto-completion depends on which operating system you're using. If you installed doctl via Homebrew, auto-completion is activated automatically, though you may need to configure your local environment to enable it.

doctl can generate an auto-completion script with the doctl completion your_shell_here command. Valid arguments for the shell are Bash (bash), ZSH (zsh), and fish (fish). By default, the script will be printed to the command line output. For more usage examples for the completion command, use doctl completion --help.

Linux Auto Completion

The most common way to use the completion command is by adding a line to your local profile configuration. At the end of your ~/.profile file, add this line:

source <(doctl completion your_shell_here)

Then refresh your profile.

source ~/.profile

MacOS

macOS users will have to install the bash-completion framework to use the auto-completion feature.

brew install bash-completion

After it's installed, load bash_completion by adding the following line to your .profile or .bashrc/.zshrc file.

source $(brew --prefix)/etc/bash_completion

Then refresh your profile using the appropriate command for the bash configurations file.

source ~/.profile
source ~/.bashrc
source ~/.zshrc

Uninstalling doctl

Using a Package Manager

MacOS Uninstall

Use Homebrew to uninstall all current and previous versions of the doctl formula on macOS:

brew uninstall -f doctl

To completely remove the configuration, also remove the following directory:

rm -rf $HOME/Library/Application Support/doctl

Examples

doctl is able to interact with all of your DigitalOcean resources. Below are a few common usage examples. To learn more about the features available, see the full tutorial on the DigitalOcean community site.

  • List all Droplets on your account:
doctl compute droplet list
  • Create a Droplet:
doctl compute droplet create <name> --region <region-slug> --image <image-slug> --size <size-slug>
  • Assign a Floating IP to a Droplet:
doctl compute floating-ip-action assign <ip-addr> <droplet-id>
  • Create a new A record for an existing domain:
doctl compute domain records create --record-type A --record-name www --record-data <ip-addr> <domain-name>

doctl also simplifies actions without an API endpoint. For instance, it allows you to SSH to your Droplet by name:

doctl compute ssh <droplet-name>

By default, it assumes you are using the root user. If you want to SSH as a specific user, you can do that as well:

doctl compute ssh <user>@<droplet-name>

Tutorials

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