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DigitalOcean plugin for https://velero.io
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README.md

Getting Started

This README explains how to install and configure the DigitalOcean Block Storage provider plugin for Velero. The plugin is designed to create filesystem snapshots of Block Storage backed PersistentVolumes that are used in a Kubernetes cluster running on DigitalOcean.

Prerequisites

Credentials setup

  1. To use this plugin with Velero to create persistent volume snapshots, you will need a DigitalOcean API token. Create one before proceeding with the rest of these steps. Make sure your token has Read/Write permissions or snapshots will not work.

  2. For the object storage Velero component, generate a Spaces access key and secret key

Velero installation

  1. Complete the Prerequisites and Credentials setup steps mentioned above.

  2. Clone this repository. cd into the examples directory and edit the cloud-credentials file. The file will look like this:

    [default]
    aws_access_key_id=<AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID>
    aws_secret_access_key=<AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY>
    

Edit the <AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID> and <AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY> placeholders to use your DigitalOcean Spaces keys. Be sure to remove the < and > characters.

  1. Still in the examples directory, edit the 01-velero-secret.patch.yaml file. It should look like this:

    ---
    apiVersion: v1
    kind: Secret
    stringData:
    digitalocean_token: <DIGITALOCEAN_API_TOKEN>
    type: Opaque
    
    • Change the entire <DIGITALOCEAN_API_TOKEN> portion to use your DigitalOcean personal API token. The line should look something like digitalocean_token: 18a0d730c0e0....
  2. Now you're ready to install velero, configure the snapshot storage location, and work with backups. Ensure that you edit each of the following settings to match your Spaces configuration before running the velero install command:

    • --bucket velero-backups: Change the velero-backups value to match the name of your Space.
    • --backup-location-config s3Url=https://nyc3.digitaloceanspaces.com,region=nyc3: Change the URL and region to match your Space's settings. Specifically, edit the nyc3 portion in both to match the region where your Space is hosted. Use one of nyc3, sfo2, sgp1, or fra1 depending on your region.
  3. Now run the install command:

    velero install \
        --provider velero.io/aws \
        --bucket velero-backups \
        --plugins velero/velero-plugin-for-aws:v1.0.0,digitalocean/velero-plugin:v1.0.0 \
        --backup-location-config s3Url=https://nyc3.digitaloceanspaces.com,region=nyc3 \
        --use-volume-snapshots=false \
        --secret-file=./cloud-credentials
    

Snapshot configuration

  1. Enable the digitalocean/velero-plugin:v1.0.0 snapshot provider. This command will configure Velero to use the plugin for persistent volume snapshots.

    velero snapshot-location create default --provider digitalocean.com/velero
    
  2. Patch the cloud-credentials Kubernetes Secret object that the velero install command installed in the cluster. This command will add your DigitalOcean API token to the cloud-credentials object so that this plugin can use the DigitalOcean API:

    kubectl patch secret/cloud-credentials -p "$(cat 01-velero-secret.patch.yaml)" --namespace velero
    
  3. Patch the velero Kubernetes Deployment to expose your API token to the Velero pod(s). Velero needs this change in order to authenticate to the DigitalOcean API when manipulating snapshots:

    kubectl patch deployment/velero -p "$(cat 02-velero-deployment.patch.yaml)" --namespace velero
    

Backup and restore example

  1. Install the Nginx examples/nginx-example.yaml Deployment into your cluster. The example uses a persistent volume for Nginx logs. It also creates a LoadBalancer with a public IP address:

    kubectl apply -f examples/nginx-example.yaml
    
  2. Ensure that your Nginx Deployment is running and there is a Service with an EXTERNAL-IP (kubectl get service --namespace nginx-example). Browse the IP a few times to write some log entries to the persistent volume. Then create a backup with Velero:

    velero backup create nginx-backup --selector app=nginx --snapshot-volumes=true
    velero backup describe nginx-backup --details
    
  3. The various backup files will be in your Spaces bucket. A snapshot of the persistent volume will be listed in the DigitalOcean control panel under the Images link. Now you can simulate a disaster by deleting the nginx-example namespace.

    kubectl delete namespace nginx-example
    
  4. Once the delete finishes, restore the nginx-backup backup:

    velero restore create --from-backup nginx-backup
    
  5. Check the restored PersistentVolume, Deployment, and Service are back using kubectl:

    kubectl get persistentvolume --namespace nginx-example
    kubectl get service --namespace nginx-example
    kubectl get deployment --namespace nginx-example
    

Build the plugin

make clean
make container IMAGE=digitalocean/velero-plugin:dev

Delete Velero from your cluster

If you're testing or have run into configuration issues and would like to start from scratch, the following commands will delete all the Velero objects from your Kubernetes cluster:

kubectl delete ns velero
kubectl get crds |awk '/velero/ {print $1}' |xargs kubectl delete crds
kubectl delete clusterrolebindings.rbac.authorization.k8s.io velero
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