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A Docker image for Discourse
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SamSaffron Pull ImageMagick and libpng from official site
previously we were taking stuff from GitHub which is often out-of-date
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bin FEATURE: ./launcher enter <CONTAINER> Jun 27, 2014
cids oops needed for bootstrap Sep 22, 2015
containers add git keep so we have this container Nov 28, 2013
image Pull ImageMagick and libpng from official site Mar 21, 2019
samples Update CDN URL in samples to have a protocol Feb 20, 2019
scripts DEV: cleanup docker prune pattern Feb 13, 2019
shared remove sample config in wrong spot Nov 4, 2013
templates FEATURE: add missing hooks into web.yml template Mar 19, 2019
.gitignore .gitignore show some love for emacs Jul 12, 2018
LICENSE Add missing license file Dec 21, 2018
README.md Add a way to expose a port without publishing Mar 7, 2019
Vagrantfile
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discourse-setup Make our swap config compatible with systemd >= 207 (#331) Nov 27, 2018
launcher FEATURE: add start-cmd to provide the command line used to launch con… Mar 19, 2019

README.md

About

  • Docker is an open source project to pack, ship and run any Linux application in a lighter weight, faster container than a traditional virtual machine.

  • Docker makes it much easier to deploy a Discourse forum on your servers and keep it updated. For background, see Sam's blog post.

  • The templates and base image configure Discourse with the Discourse team's recommended optimal defaults.

Getting Started

The simplest way to get started is via the standalone template, which can be installed in 30 minutes or less. For detailed install instructions, see

https://github.com/discourse/discourse/blob/master/docs/INSTALL-cloud.md

Directory Structure

/cids

Contains container ids for currently running Docker containers. cids are Docker's "equivalent" of pids. Each container will have a unique git like hash.

/containers

This directory is for container definitions for your various Discourse containers. You are in charge of this directory, it ships empty.

/samples

Sample container definitions you may use to bootstrap your environment. You can copy templates from here into the containers directory.

/shared

Placeholder spot for shared volumes with various Discourse containers. You may elect to store certain persistent information outside of a container, in our case we keep various logfiles and upload directory outside. This allows you to rebuild containers easily without losing important information. Keeping uploads outside of the container allows you to share them between multiple web instances.

/templates

pups-managed templates you may use to bootstrap your environment.

/image

Dockerfiles for Discourse; see the README for further details.

The Docker repository will always contain the latest built version at: https://hub.docker.com/r/discourse/base/, you should not need to build the base image.

Launcher

The base directory contains a single bash script which is used to manage containers. You can use it to "bootstrap" a new container, enter, start, stop and destroy a container.

Usage: launcher COMMAND CONFIG [--skip-prereqs]
Commands:
    start:      Start/initialize a container
    stop:       Stop a running container
    restart:    Restart a container
    destroy:    Stop and remove a container
    enter:      Use docker exec to enter a container
    logs:       Docker logs for container
	memconfig:  Configure sane defaults for available RAM
    bootstrap:  Bootstrap a container for the config based on a template
    rebuild:    Rebuild a container (destroy old, bootstrap, start new)

If the environment variable "SUPERVISED" is set to true, the container won't be detached, allowing a process monitoring tool to manage the restart behaviour of the container.

Container Configuration

The beginning of the container definition can contain the following "special" sections:

templates:

templates:
  - "templates/cron.template.yml"
  - "templates/postgres.template.yml"

This template is "composed" out of all these child templates, this allows for a very flexible configuration structure. Furthermore you may add specific hooks that extend the templates you reference.

expose:

expose:
  - "2222:22"
  - "127.0.0.1:20080:80"

Publish port 22 inside the container on port 2222 on ALL local host interfaces. In order to bind to only one interface, you may specify the host's IP address as ([<host_interface>:[host_port]])|(<host_port>):<container_port>[/udp] as defined in the docker port binding documentation. To expose a port without publishing it, specify only the port number (e.g., 80).

volumes:

volumes:
  - volume:
      host: /var/discourse/shared
      guest: /shared

Expose a directory inside the host to the container.

links:

links:
  - link:
      name: postgres
      alias: postgres

Links another container to the current container. This will add --link postgres:postgres to the options when running the container.

environment variables:

Setting environment variables to the current container.

# app.yml

env:
  DISCOURSE_DB_HOST: some-host
  DISCOURSE_DB_NAME: {{config}}_discourse

The above will add -e DISCOURSE_DB_HOST=some-host -e DISCOURSE_DB_NAME=app_discourse to the options when running the container.

labels:

# app.yml

labels:
  monitor: 'true'
  app_name: {{config}}_discourse

Add labels to the current container. The above will add --l monitor=true -l app_name=dev_discourse to the options when running the container

Upgrading Discourse

The Docker setup gives you multiple upgrade options:

  1. Use the front end at http://yoursite.com/admin/upgrade to upgrade an already running image.

  2. Create a new base image manually by running:

  • ./launcher rebuild my_image

Single Container vs. Multiple Container

The samples directory contains a standalone template. This template bundles all of the software required to run Discourse into a single container. The advantage is that it is easy.

The multiple container configuration setup is far more flexible and robust, however it is also more complicated to set up. A multiple container setup allows you to:

  • Minimize downtime when upgrading to new versions of Discourse. You can bootstrap new web processes while your site is running and only after it is built, switch the new image in.
  • Scale your forum to multiple servers.
  • Add servers for redundancy.
  • Have some required services (e.g. the database) run on beefier hardware.

If you want a multiple container setup, see the data.yml and web_only.yml templates in the samples directory. To ease this process, launcher will inject an env var called DISCOURSE_HOST_IP which will be available inside the image.

WARNING: In a multiple container configuration, make sure you setup iptables or some other firewall to protect various ports (for postgres/redis). On Ubuntu, install the ufw or iptables-persistent package to manage firewall rules.

Email

For a Discourse instance to function properly Email must be set up. Use the SMTP_URL env var to set your SMTP address, see sample templates for an example. The Docker image does not contain postfix, exim or another MTA, it was omitted because it is very tricky to set up correctly.

Troubleshooting

View the container logs: ./launcher logs my_container

Spawn a shell inside your container using ./launcher enter my_container. This is the most foolproof method if you have host root access.

If you see network errors trying to retrieve code from github.com or rubygems.org try again - sometimes there are temporary interruptions and a retry is all it takes.

Behind a proxy network with no direct access to the Internet? Add proxy information to the container environment by adding to the existing env block in the container.yml file:

env:
    …existing entries…
    HTTP_PROXY: http://proxyserver:port/
    http_proxy: http://proxyserver:port/
    HTTPS_PROXY: http://proxyserver:port/
    https_proxy: http://proxyserver:port/

Security

Directory permissions in Linux are UID/GID based, if your numeric IDs on the host do not match the IDs in the guest, permissions will mismatch. On clean installs you can ensure they are in sync by looking at /etc/passwd and /etc/group, the Discourse account will have UID 1000.

Advanced topics

Developing with Vagrant

If you are looking to make modifications to this repository, you can easily test out your changes before committing, using the magic of Vagrant. Install Vagrant as per the default instructions, and then run:

vagrant up

This will spawn a new Ubuntu VM, install Docker, and then await your instructions. You can then SSH into the VM with vagrant ssh, become root with sudo -i, and then you're right to go. Your live git repo is already available at /vagrant, so you can just cd /vagrant and then start running launcher.

License

MIT

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