BETA: a memcached plugin for dokku
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dokku memcached (beta) Build Status IRC Network

Official memcached plugin for dokku. Currently defaults to installing memcached 1.4.31.


  • dokku 0.4.x+
  • docker 1.8.x


# on 0.4.x+
sudo dokku plugin:install memcached


memcached:backup <name> <bucket>   NOT IMPLEMENTED
memcached:backup-auth <name> <aws_access_key_id> <aws_secret_access_key> NOT IMPLEMENTED
memcached:backup-deauth <name>     NOT IMPLEMENTED
memcached:backup-schedule <name> <schedule> <bucket> NOT IMPLEMENTED
memcached:backup-unschedule <name> NOT IMPLEMENTED
memcached:clone <name> <new-name>  NOT IMPLEMENTED
memcached:connect <name>           Connect via telnet to a memcached service
memcached:create <name>            Create a memcached service with environment variables
memcached:destroy <name>           Delete the service and stop its container if there are no links left
memcached:enter <name> [command]   Enter or run a command in a running memcached service container
memcached:export <name> > <file>   NOT IMPLEMENTED
memcached:expose <name> [port]     Expose a memcached service on custom port if provided (random port otherwise)
memcached:import <name> <file>     NOT IMPLEMENTED
memcached:info <name>              Print the connection information
memcached:link <name> <app>        Link the memcached service to the app
memcached:list                     List all memcached services
memcached:logs <name> [-t]         Print the most recent log(s) for this service
memcached:promote <name> <app>     Promote service <name> as MEMCACHED_URL in <app>
memcached:restart <name>           Graceful shutdown and restart of the memcached service container
memcached:start <name>             Start a previously stopped memcached service
memcached:stop <name>              Stop a running memcached service
memcached:unexpose <name>          Unexpose a previously exposed memcached service
memcached:unlink <name> <app>      Unlink the memcached service from the app


# create a memcached service named lolipop
dokku memcached:create lolipop

# you can also specify the image and image
# version to use for the service
# it *must* be compatible with the
# official memcached image
export MEMCACHED_IMAGE="memcached"
dokku memcached:create lolipop

# you can also specify custom environment
# variables to start the memcached service
# in semi-colon separated forma
dokku memcached:create lolipop

# get connection information as follows
dokku memcached:info lolipop

# you can also retrieve a specific piece of service info via flags
dokku memcached:info lolipop --config-dir
dokku memcached:info lolipop --data-dir
dokku memcached:info lolipop --dsn
dokku memcached:info lolipop --exposed-ports
dokku memcached:info lolipop --id
dokku memcached:info lolipop --internal-ip
dokku memcached:info lolipop --links
dokku memcached:info lolipop --service-root
dokku memcached:info lolipop --status
dokku memcached:info lolipop --version

# a bash prompt can be opened against a running service
# filesystem changes will not be saved to disk
dokku memcached:enter lolipop

# you may also run a command directly against the service
# filesystem changes will not be saved to disk
dokku memcached:enter lolipop ls -lah /

# a memcached service can be linked to a
# container this will use native docker
# links via the docker-options plugin
# here we link it to our 'playground' app
# NOTE: this will restart your app
dokku memcached:link lolipop playground

# the following environment variables will be set automatically by docker (not
# on the app itself, so they won’t be listed when calling dokku config)
# and the following will be set on the linked application by default
#   MEMCACHED_URL=memcached://dokku-memcached-lolipop:11211
# NOTE: the host exposed here only works internally in docker containers. If
# you want your container to be reachable from outside, you should use `expose`.

# another service can be linked to your app
dokku memcached:link other_service playground

# since MEMCACHED_URL is already in use, another environment variable will be
# generated automatically
#   DOKKU_MEMCACHED_BLUE_URL=memcached://dokku-memcached-other-service:11211

# you can then promote the new service to be the primary one
# NOTE: this will restart your app
dokku memcached:promote other_service playground

# this will replace MEMCACHED_URL with the url from other_service and generate
# another environment variable to hold the previous value if necessary.
# you could end up with the following for example:
#   MEMCACHED_URL=memcached://dokku-memcached-other-service:11211
#   DOKKU_MEMCACHED_BLUE_URL=memcached://dokku-memcached-other-service:11211
#   DOKKU_MEMCACHED_SILVER_URL=memcached://dokku-memcached-lolipop:11211

# you can also unlink a memcached service
# NOTE: this will restart your app and unset related environment variables
dokku memcached:unlink lolipop playground

# you can tail logs for a particular service
dokku memcached:logs lolipop
dokku memcached:logs lolipop -t # to tail

# finally, you can destroy the container
dokku memcached:destroy lolipop

Changing database adapter

It's possible to change the protocol for MEMCACHED_URL by setting the environment variable MEMCACHED_DATABASE_SCHEME on the app:

dokku config:set playground MEMCACHED_DATABASE_SCHEME=memcached2
dokku memcached:link lolipop playground

Will cause MEMCACHED_URL to be set as memcached2://dokku-memcached-lolipop:11211

CAUTION: Changing MEMCACHED_DATABASE_SCHEME after linking will cause dokku to believe the memcached is not linked when attempting to use dokku memcached:unlink or dokku memcached:promote. You should be able to fix this by

  • Changing MEMCACHED_URL manually to the new value.


  • Set MEMCACHED_DATABASE_SCHEME back to its original setting
  • Unlink the service
  • Change MEMCACHED_DATABASE_SCHEME to the desired setting
  • Relink the service