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README.md

UMLGraph - Declarative Drawing of UML Diagrams

Build Status

UMLGraph allows the declarative specification and drawing of UML diagrams. You can browse the system's documentation through this link, or print it through this link.

In order to run UMLGraph, you need to have GraphViz installed in your system path. On most Linux distributions, this can be easily installed using the regular package manager.

To compile the Java doclet from the source code run ant on the build.xml file.

If you change the source code, you can run regression tests by executing ant test.

Visit the project's home page for more information.

Compatibility

Until recently, only Java 8 was supported by the Doclet.

In Java 9 the JavaDoc Doclet API changed substantially, and the doclet therefore needs to be largely rewritten. This was the main goal of GSoC 2019.

Development versions

In order to use development versions, you can use JitPack. Note that as this is compiled on demand, you may sometimes see a "Read timed out" when the package is recompiled, and it should be fine a few seconds later. And because the master branch can change any time, you may want to use a versioned snapshot instead (see the Jitpack documentation for details).

Gradle:

repositories { maven { url 'https://jitpack.io' } }
configurations { umlgraph }
dependencies { umlgraph 'com.github.dspinellis:UMLGraph:master-SNAPSHOT' }
javadoc {
  doclet = 'org.umlgraph.doclet.UmlGraphDoc'
  docletpath = configurations.umlgraph.files.asType(List)
  tags("hidden:X", "opt:X", "has:X", "navhas:X", "assoc:X", "navassoc:X",
       "composed:X", "navcomposed:X", "stereotype:X", "depend:X")
}

Maven:

<repositories>
    <repository>
        <id>jitpack.io</id>
        <url>https://jitpack.io</url>
    </repository>
</repositories>
...
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.github.dspinellis</groupId>
    <artifactId>UMLGraph</artifactId>
    <version>master-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <scope>compile</scope>
</dependency>

Jar download: https://jitpack.io/com/github/dspinellis/UMLGraph/master-SNAPSHOT/UMLGraph-master-SNAPSHOT.jar

Overview

UMLGraph is a useful and practical tool for generating UML class and sequence diagrams. Using UMLGraph, desingers and developers are able to create graphical representations of UML diagrams automatically, instead of using drawing editors, which require specific coordination skills for placing shapes on the canvas. Meeting the requirement of drawing a UML diagram via UMLGraph, can be a relief for any developer since precious time and effort can be saved.

UMLGraph is implemented as a javadoc doclet, which is a program that satisfies the doclet API and the version of Java that was supporting until recently is Java 8. The development of UMLGraph was based on the usage of the com.sun.javadoc doclet API, which is deprecated in the newest versions of Java after Java 8. The functionalities of com.sun.javadoc where superseded by those of jdk.javadoc.doclet doclet API. Thus, a migration for UMLGraph, from Java 8 and com.sun.javadoc to Java 9 and jdk.javadoc.doclet was necessary.

It is importand to mention that none of the fucntionalities of UMLGraph where supposed to change during the migration to Java 9. The only thing that was necessary to be modified was the doclet API, which UMLGraph is based on.

Working on UMLGraph during GSoC

The main goal during GSoC 2019 was the successful immigration of UMLGraph from Java 8 to Java 9. At the end of the day, every instance, method or feature of the package com.sun.javadoc should be replaced by its corresponding feature in jdk.javadoc.doclet doclet. This goal was achieved during the three months of the program and now every .java file in UMLGraph package is using interfaces that belong in jdk.javadoc.doclet.

Final Project Report

A brief description of the project can be seen in the final report gist.

Typical examples of immigration

Some typical examples of the immigration procedure are the following.

  • ClassDoc, which represents a java class or interface and provides necessary information about it, can be superseded by an TypeElement, which can represent a java class or interface as well.

  • Doc is a superinterface of ClassDoc, which is also capable of a class/package/constructor/method/field representation. Doc's functionality can be replaced by the Element interface, which is a superinterface of TypeElement and can represent information about program elements such as modules, packages, classes or methods.

  • As for the types of Java progamming languages, interface Type was used in UMLGraph under Java 8, which is now superseded by the interface TypeMirror.

Some other typical examples of methods from com.sun.javadoc package and its corresponding methods in the Java 9 doclet API are the following.

Note: Migration between the old and the new API for UMLGraph, would be significantly more difficult without the migration guide from the types of com.sun.javadoc to their counterparts in jdk.javadoc.doclet. Since, the package com.sun.javadoc is deprecated for all the Java versions after Java 8, there is an migration guide per Java versions. These migration guides can be seen via the following links.

Examine some Code Snippets

The following pictures represent some indicative code snippets in which com.sun.javadoc doclet API is used and their corresponding code snippets in which the new jdk.javadoc.doclet doclet API is used.

A piece of code where is examined the kind of an element (e.g. interface, method ,etc) looks like the following if com.sun.javadoc package is used. Methods like isInterface() or isEnum() are used in order to specidically indicate if something is an interface or an enumeration.

Image of old snippet 1

By using jdk.javadoc.doclet the above code is reformated as it can be seen below

Image of new snippet 1

We can see that the method getKind() is used, in order to obtain the specific kind of an element, along with interface ElementKind, which provides the necessary enumeration to check if an element equals a specific kind.

Another example of using the com.sun.javadoc package is the following, where we seek to obtain the modifier of a ProgramElementDoc. Methods like isPrivate and isProtected are used to check about the nature of the modifier.

Image of old snippet 2

By using method getModifiers() from Element interface and Modifier interface, the above code can be coverted to the following version.

Image of new snippet 2

A third example shows the reformation of the constructor of class PackageView. Under com.sun.javadoc package the code for the constructor of PackageView it can be seen below, where the method name() is used in order to obtain the specific unqualified name of the PackageDoc.

Image of old snippet 5

In order to reformat the code, method getSimpleName() is used from interface PackageElement, as it can be seen below.

Image of new snippet 5

Building the .jar file

After performing the necessary modifications in UMLGraph's java files, Maven was used in order to automatically build a .jar file, which contains all the supported functionalities of UMLGraph and is used in installation and running the tool. The .jar file was successfully built with no compilation or building errors, which can be seen easily in the following image.

Image of mvn install

Progress Timeline

The progress record and timeline during the three months of GSoC can be found here.

GSoC Aims and Deliverables

  • Java files that work under the new Java 9 doclet API.
  • Successfully compiled code.
  • A pom.xml file with no dependencies on com.sun.javadoc.* package.
  • Remove all deprecated interfaces of com.sun.javadoc from the .java files of UMLGraph.
  • Updated plugins in newer versions in pom.xml file.
  • Unit tests for several methods of UmlGraph.

Future Work

Some interesting ideas for future work in performing further developments on UMLGraph are the following.

  • Build more functionalities for UMLGraph in order to support the generation of more than two of the ten types of diagrams that UML provides. Being able to create other types of UML diagrams, besides class diagrams and sequence diagrams, such as use-case diagrams or state-machine diagrams is a very interesting and promising idea.
  • Another interesting idea is to update UMLGraph to work under the latest version of Java language in order to exploit all the benefits that newer versions has to offer.
  • Examine new ideas for possible improvments of the functionalities of UMLGraph such as the usage of custom annotations instead of javadoc tags as stated here.

Project Contributors

Mentors

  • Mentor: Diomidis Spinellis
  • Mentor: ΑΝΑΣΤΑΣΙΑ ΔΕΛΙΓΚΑ

Student

  • Student: Evangelos Karatarakis

Organization

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