Caire is a content aware image resize library based on Seam Carving for Content-Aware Image Resizing paper.
How does it work
- An energy map (edge detection) is generated from the provided image.
- The algorithm tries to find the least important parts of the image taking into account the lowest energy values.
- Using a dynamic programming approach the algorithm will generate individual seams across the image from top to down, or from left to right (depending on the horizontal or vertical resizing) and will allocate for each seam a custom value, the least important pixels having the lowest energy cost and the most important ones having the highest cost.
- We traverse the image from the second row to the last row and compute the cumulative minimum energy for all possible connected seams for each entry.
- The minimum energy level is calculated by summing up the current pixel value with the lowest value of the neighboring pixels obtained from the previous row.
- We traverse the image from top to bottom and compute the minimum energy level. For each pixel in a row we compute the energy of the current pixel plus the energy of one of the three possible pixels above it.
- Find the lowest cost seam from the energy matrix starting from the last row and remove it.
- Repeat the process.
The process illustrated:
|Original image||Energy map||Seams applied|
Key features which differentiates this library from the other existing open source solutions:
- Customizable command line support
- Support for both shrinking or enlarging the image
- Resize image both vertically and horizontally
- Can process whole directories recursively and concurrently
- Does not require any third party library
- Use of sobel threshold for fine tuning
- Use of blur filter for increased edge detection
- Square the image with a single command
- Support for proportional scaling
- Face detection to avoid face deformation
- Support for multiple output image type (jpg, jpeg, png, bmp, gif)
The library is capable of detecting human faces prior resizing the images by using the Pigo (https://github.com/esimov/pigo) face detection library, which does not require to have OpenCV installed.
The image below illustrates the application capabilities for human face detection prior resizing. It's clearly visible from the image that with face detection activated the algorithm will avoid cropping pixels inside the detected faces, retaining the face zone unaltered.
|Original image||With face detection||Without face detection|
First, install Go, set your
GOPATH, and make sure
$GOPATH/bin is on your
$ export GOPATH="$HOME/go" $ export PATH="$PATH:$GOPATH/bin"
Next download the project and build the binary file.
$ go get -u -f github.com/esimov/caire/cmd/caire $ go install
MacOS (Brew) install
The library can also be installed via Homebrew.
$ brew install caire
$ caire -in input.jpg -out output.jpg
$ caire --help
The following flags are supported:
||false||Reduce image by percentage|
||false||Reduce image to square dimensions|
||10||Sobel filter threshold|
||false||Use face detection|
||float||Plane rotated faces angle|
Use the face detection option to avoid face deformation
To detect faces prior rescaling use the
-face flag and provide the face classification binary file included into the
data folder. The sample code below will rescale the provided image with 20% but will search for human faces prior rescaling.
For the face detection related arguments check the Pigo documentation.
$ caire -in input.jpg -out output.jpg -face=1 -cc="data/facefinder" -perc=1 -width=20
In case you wish to scale down the image by a specific percentage, it can be used the
-perc boolean flag. In this case the values provided for the
height options are expressed in percentage and not pixel values. For example to reduce the image dimension by 20% both horizontally and vertically you can use the following command:
$ caire -in input/source.jpg -out ./out.jpg -perc=1 -width=20 -height=20 -debug=false
Also the library supports the
-square option. When this option is used the image will be resized to a square, based on the shortest edge.
-scale option will resize the image proportionally. First the image is scaled down preserving the image aspect ratio, then the seam carving algorithm is applied only to the remaining points. Ex. : given an image of dimensions 2048x1536 if we want to resize to the 1024x500, the tool first rescale the image to 1024x768 and will remove only the remaining 268px.
Notice: Using the
-scale option will reduce drastically the processing time. Use this option whenever is possible!
The CLI command can process all the images from a specific directory:
$ caire -in ./input-directory -out ./output-directory
You can also use
$ cat input/source.jpg | caire -in - -out - >out.jpg
out default to
- so you can also use:
$ cat input/source.jpg | caire >out.jpg $ caire -out out.jpg < input/source.jpg
- Caire can be used as a serverless function via OpenFaaS: https://github.com/esimov/caire-openfaas
- Caire can also be used as a
$ snap run caire --h
- Endre Simo (@simo_endre)
Copyright © 2018 Endre Simo
This project is under the MIT License. See the LICENSE file for the full license text.