Open MPI jobs on Kubernetes
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README.md

kube-openmpi: Open MPI jobs on Kubernetes

kube-openmpi provides mainly two things:

  • Kubernetes manifest template (powered by Helm) to run open mpi jobs on kubernetes cluster. See chart directory for details.
  • base docker images on DockerHub to build your custom docker images. Currently we provide only ubuntu 16.04 based imaages. To support distributed deep learning workloads, we provides cuda based images, too. Supported tags are below:

Supported tags of kube-openmpi base images

  • Plain Ubuntu based: 2.1.2-16.04-0.7.0 / 0.7.0
    • naming convention: $(OPENMPI_VERSION)-$(UBUNTU_IMAGE_TAG)-$(KUBE_OPENMPI_VERSION)
      • $(UBUNTU_IMAGE_TAG) refers to tags of ubuntu
  • Cuda (with cuDNN7) based:
    • cuda8.0: 2.1.2-8.0-cudnn7-devel-ubuntu16.04-0.7.0 / 0.7.0-cuda8.0
    • cuda9.0: 2.1.2-9.0-cudnn7-devel-ubuntu16.04-0.7.0 / 0.7.0-cuda9.0
    • cuda9.1: 2.1.2-9.1-cudnn7-devel-ubuntu16.04-0.7.0 / 0.7.0-cuda9.1
    • naming convention is $(OPENMPI_VERSION)-$(CUDA_IMAGE_TAG)-$(KUBE_OPENMPI_VERSION)
    • see Dockerfile
  • Chainer, Cupy, ChainerMN image:
    • cuda8.0: 0.7.0-cuda8.0-nccl2.1.4-1-chainer4.0.0b4-chainermn1.2.0
    • cuda9.0: 0.7.0-cuda9.0-nccl2.1.15-1-chainer4.0.0b4-chainermn1.2.0
    • cuda9.1: 0.7.0-cuda9.1-nccl2.1.15-1-chainer4.0.0b4-chainermn1.2.0
    • naming convention is $(KUBE_OPENMPI_VERSION)-$(CUDA_VERSION)-nccl$(NCCL_CUDA80_PACKAGE_VERSION)-chainer$(CHAINER_VERSION)-chainermn$(CHAINER_MN_VERSION)
    • see Dockerfile.chainermn

Quick Start

Requirements

Generate ssh keys and edit configuration

# generate temporary key
$ ./gen-ssh-key.sh

# edit your values.yaml
$ $EDITOR values.yaml

Deploy

$ MPI_CLUSTER_NAME=__CHANGE_ME__
$ KUBE_NAMESPACE=__CHANGE_ME_
$ helm template chart --namespace $KUBE_NAMESPACE --name $MPI_CLUSTER_NAME -f values.yaml -f ssh-key.yaml | kubectl -n $KUBE_NAMESPACE create -f -

Run

# wait until $MPI_CLUSTER_NAME-master is ready
$ kubectl get -n $KUBE_NAMESPACE po $MPI_CLUSTER_NAME-master

# You can run mpiexec now via 'kubectl exec'!
# hostfile is automatically generated and located '/kube-openmpi/generated/hostfile'
$ kubectl -n $KUBE_NAMESPACE exec -it $MPI_CLUSTER_NAME-master -- mpiexec --allow-run-as-root \
  --hostfile /kube-openmpi/generated/hostfile \
  --display-map -n 4 -npernode 1 \
  sh -c 'echo $(hostname):hello'
 Data for JOB [43686,1] offset 0

 ========================   JOB MAP   ========================

 Data for node: MPI_CLUSTER_NAME-worker-0        Num slots: 2    Max slots: 0    Num procs: 1
        Process OMPI jobid: [43686,1] App: 0 Process rank: 0 Bound: UNBOUND

 Data for node: MPI_CLUSTER_NAME-worker-1        Num slots: 2    Max slots: 0    Num procs: 1
        Process OMPI jobid: [43686,1] App: 0 Process rank: 1 Bound: UNBOUND

 Data for node: MPI_CLUSTER_NAME-worker-2        Num slots: 2    Max slots: 0    Num procs: 1
        Process OMPI jobid: [43686,1] App: 0 Process rank: 2 Bound: UNBOUND

 Data for node: MPI_CLUSTER_NAME-worker-3        Num slots: 2    Max slots: 0    Num procs: 1
        Process OMPI jobid: [43686,1] App: 0 Process rank: 3 Bound: UNBOUND

 =============================================================
MPI_CLUSTER_NAME-worker-1:hello
MPI_CLUSTER_NAME-worker-2:hello
MPI_CLUSTER_NAME-worker-0:hello
MPI_CLUSTER_NAME-worker-3:hello

Scale Up/Down your cluster

MPI workers forms StatefulSets. So, you can scale up or down the cluster.

# scale workers from 4 to 3
$ kubectl -n $KUBE_NAMESPACE scale statefulsets $MPI_CLUSTER_NAME-worker --replicas=3
statefulset "MPI_CLUSTER_NAME-worker" scaled

# Then you can mpiexec again
# hostfile will be updated automatically every 15 seconds in default
$ kubectl -n $KUBE_NAMESPACE exec -it $MPI_CLUSTER_NAME-master -- mpiexec --allow-run-as-root \
  --hostfile /kube-openmpi/generated/hostfile \
  --display-map -n 3 -npernode 1 \
  sh -c 'echo $(hostname):hello'
...
MPI_CLUSTER_NAME-worker-0:hello
MPI_CLUSTER_NAME-worker-2:hello
MPI_CLUSTER_NAME-worker-1:hello

Tear Down

$ helm template chart --namespace $KUBE_NAMESPACE --name $MPI_CLUSTER_NAME -f values.yaml -f ssh-key.yaml | kubectl -n $KUBE_NAMESPACE delete -f -

Use your own custom docker image

please edit image section in values.yaml

image:
  repository: yourname/kube-openmpi-based-custom-image
  tag: latest

It expects that your custom image is based on our base image (everpeace/kube-openmpi) and does NOT change any ssh/sshd configurations define in image/Dockerfile on your custom image.

Please refer to Custom ChainerMN image example on kube-openmpi for details.

Pull an image from Private Registry

Please create a Secret of docker-registry type to your namespace by referring here.

And then, you can specify the secret name in your values.yaml:

image:
  repository: <your_registry>/<your_org>/<your_image_name>
  tag: <your_tag>
  pullSecrets:
  - name: <docker_registry_secret_name>

Inject your code to your containers from Github

kube-openmpi supports to import your codes hosted by github into your containers. To do it, please edit appCodesToSync section in values.yaml. You can define multiple github repositories.

appCodesToSync:
- name: your-app-name
  gitRepo: https://github.com/org/your-app-name.git
  gitBranch: master
  fetchWaitSecond: "120"
  mountPath: /repo

When Your Code In Private Repository

When your code are in private git repository. The secret repo must be able to access via ssh.

Please remember this feature requires securityContext.runAs: 0 for side-car containers fetching your code into mpi containers.

Step 1.

You need to register ssh key to the repo. I recommend you to set up Deploy Keys for your secret repo because it is valid only for the target repository and read-only.

Step 2.

Create generic type Secret which has a key ssh and its value is the private key.

$ kubectl create -n $KUBE_NAMESPACE secret generic <git-sync-cred-name> --from-file=ssh=<deploy-private-key-file>

Step 3.

Then, you can define appCodesToSync entries with the secret

- name: <your-secret-repo>
  gitRepo: git@<git-server>:<your-org>/<your-secret-repo>.git
  gitBranch: master
  fetchWaitSecond: "120"
  mountPath: <mount-point>
  gitSecretName: <git-sync-cred-name>

Run kube-openmpi cluster as non-root user

At default, kube-openmpi runs your mpi cluster as root user. However, from security standpoint, you might want to run your mpi-cluster as non-root user. There is two way to achieve this.

Use default openmpi user and group

kube-openmpi base docker images on DockerHub ships such normal user openmpi with uid=1000/gid=1000. To make the user run your mpi-cluster, edit your values.yaml to specify SecurityContext like below:

# values.yaml
...
mpiMaster:
  securityContext:
    runAsUser: 1000
    fsGroup: 1000
...
mpiWorkers:
  securityContext:
    runAsUser: 1000
    fsGroup: 1000

Then you can run mpiexec as openmpi user. You would need to tear down and re-deploy your mpi-cluster if you had kube-openmpi cluster already.

$ kubectl -n $KUBE_NAMESPACE exec -it $MPI_CLUSTER_NAME-master -- mpiexec \
  --hostfile /kube-openmpi/generated/hostfile \
  --display-map -n 4 -npernode 1 \
  sh -c 'echo $(hostname):hello'
...

Use your own custom user with custom uid/gid

You need to build your own custom base image because the custom user with your desired uid/gid must exists(embedded) in the docker image. To do this, just run make with several options below.

$ cd images
$ make REPOSITORY=<your_org>/<your_repo> SSH_USER=<username> SSH_UID=<uid> SSH_GID=<gid>

This creates ubuntu based image, cuda8(cudnn7) image and cuda9(cudnn7) image.

And then, set the image in your values.yaml and set your uid/gid to runAsUser/fsGroup as the previous section.

How to use gang-scheduling (i.e. schedule a group of pods at once)

As stated kubeflow/tf-operator#165, spawning multiple kube-openmpi cluster causes deadlock. To prevent it, you might want gang-scheduling (i.e schedule multiple pods all together) in kubernetes. Currently, kubernetes-incubator/kube-arbitrator support it by using kube-batchd scheduler and PodDisruptionBudget.

Please follow the steps:

  1. deploy kube-batchd scheduler

  2. Edit mpiWorkers.customScheduling section in your values.yaml like this.

    mpiWorkers:
      customScheduling:
        enabled: true
        schedulerName: <your_kube-batchd_scheduler_name>
        podDisruptionBudget:
          enabled: true
    
  3. Deploy your kube-openmpi cluster.

Run ChainerMN Job

We published Chainer,ChainerMN(with CuPy and NCCL2) based image. Let's use it. In this example, we run train_mnist example in ChainerMN repo. If you wanted to build your own docker image. Please refer to Custom ChainerMN image example on kube-openmpi for details.

  1. edit your values.yaml so that
  • kube-openmpi uses the image.
  • allocate 2 mpi workers and assign 1 GPU resource to each mpi worker.
  • add appCodesToSync entry to run train_mnist example with ChainerMN.
image:
  repository: everpeace/kube-openmpi
  tag: 0.7.0-cuda8.0-nccl2.1.4-1-chainer4.0.0b4-chainermn1.2.0
...
mpiWorkers:
  num: 2
  resources:
    limits:
      nvidia.com/gpu: 1
...
appCodesToSync:
- name: chainermn
  gitRepo: https://github.com/chainer/chainermn.git
  gitBranch: master
  fetchWaitSecond: "120"
  mountPath: /chainermn-examples
  subPath: chainermn/examples
...
  1. Deploy your kube-openmpi cluster
$ MPI_CLUSTER_NAME=__CHANGE_ME__
$ KUBE_NAMESPACE=__CHANGE_ME_
$ helm template chart --namespace $KUBE_NAMESPACE --name $MPI_CLUSTER_NAME -f values.yaml -f ssh-key.yaml | kubectl -n $KUBE_NAMESPACE create -f -
  1. Run train_mnist with GPU
$ kubectl -n $KUBE_NAMESPACE exec -it $MPI_CLUSTER_NAME-master -- mpiexec --allow-run-as-root \
  --hostfile /kube-openmpi/generated/hostfile \
  --display-map -n 2 -npernode 1 \
  python3 /chainermn-examples/mnist/train_mnist.py -g
========================   JOB MAP   ========================

Data for node: MPI_CLUSTER_NAME-worker-0  Num slots: 8    Max slots: 0    Num procs: 1
       Process OMPI jobid: [28697,1] App: 0 Process rank: 0 Bound: socket 0[core 0[hwt 0-1]]:[BB/../../..][../../../..]

Data for node: MPI_CLUSTER_NAME-worker-1  Num slots: 8    Max slots: 0    Num procs: 1
       Process OMPI jobid: [28697,1] App: 0 Process rank: 1 Bound: socket 0[core 0[hwt 0-1]]:[BB/../../..][../../../..]

=============================================================
==========================================
Num process (COMM_WORLD): 2
Using GPUs
Using hierarchical communicator
Num unit: 1000
Num Minibatch-size: 100
Num epoch: 20
==========================================
...
1           0.224002    0.102322              0.9335         0.9695                    17.1341
2           0.0733692   0.0672879             0.977967       0.9765                    24.7188
...
20          0.00531046  0.105093              0.998267       0.9799                    160.794

Release Notes

0.7.0

  • docker base images:
    • fix init.sh so that non-root user won't fail to run init.sh
  • kubernetes manifests:
    • add master pod to compute nodes. now openmpi jobs can run in master pod. This enables users to use single-node openmpi jobs.

0.6.0

  • docker base images:
    • CMD was changed from start_sshd.sh to init.sh. When ONE_SHOT was true, init.sh will execute user command which as passed an arguments to init.sh just after sshd was up.
  • kubernetes manifests:
    • oneShot mode is supported. Auto scale down workers feature is also supported.
      • In mpiMaster.oneShot mode, mpiMaster.oneShot.command will be automatically executed in master once cluster was up. if mpiMaster.oneShot.autoScaleDownWorkers was enabled and mpiMaster.oneShot.command successfully completed (i.e. return code was 0), worker cluster will be scaled down to 0.

0.5.3

  • docker base images
    • cuda9.0 support added.
    • ChainerMN images for each cuda versions(8.0, 9.0, 9.1)
  • kubernetes manifests:
    • supported docker registry secret to pull docker images from private docker registry
    • supported fetching codes from private git repositories

0.5.2

  • kubernetes manifests:
    • For preventing potential deadlock when scheduling multiple kube-openmpi clusters, gang-scheduling (schedule a group of pods all together) for mpi workers is now available via kube-batchd in kube-arbitrator.

0.5.1

  • kubernetes manifests:
    • support user defined volumes/volumeMounts
    • kube-openmpi managed volume names changed.
  • Documents
    • make Run step simpler. Changed to use kubectl exec -it -- mpiexec directly.

0.5.0

  • docker images:
    • root can ssh to both mpi-master and mpi-workers when containers run as root
  • kubernetes manifests:
    • now mpi cluster runs as root at default
    • you can use openmpi user as before by setting runAsUser/fsGroup in values.yaml
    • you don't need to dig a tunnel to use mpiexec command!
    • documented how to use your custom user with custom uid/gid

0.4.0

  • docker images:
    • added orte_keep_fqdn_hostnames=t to openmpi-mca-params.conf
  • kubernetes manifests:
    • now you don't need CustomPodDNS feature gate!!
    • bootstrap job was removed
    • hostfile-updater was introduced. Now you can scale up/down your mpi cluster dynamically!
      • It runs next to mpi-master pod as a side-car container.
    • The path of auto generated hostfile was moved to /kube-openmpi/generated/hostfile

0.3.0

  • docker images:
    • removed s6-overlay init process and introduced self-managed sshd script to support securityContext (e.g. securityContext.runAs) (#1).
  • kubernetes manifests:
    • supported custom securityContext (#1)
    • improved mpi-cluster cleanup process
    • fixed broken network-policy maniefst

0.2.0

  • docker images:
    • fixed cuda-aware openMPI installation script. added ensure mca:mpi:base:param:mpi_built_with_cuda_support:value:true when cuda based image was built. You can NOT use open MPI with CUDA on 0.1.0. So, please use 0.2.0.
  • kubernetes manifests:
    • fixed resources in values.yaml was ignored.
    • now workers can resolve master in DNS.

0.1.0

  • initial release

TODO

  • automate the process (create kube-openmpi commnd?)
  • document chart parameters
  • add additional persistent volume claims