QWERTY keyboard layout for French-speaking users
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README.md

Qwerty-Lafayette

A Qwerty layout for French-speaking users.

TL;DR:

  • use a dead key on the home row for the most frequent accented characters;
  • use the AltGr layer for programming symbols. Or don’t use it at all, and keep two alt keys.

This layout claims to be better than Azerty for French and better than Qwerty for programming.

Layout

The ;: key is turned into a dead key that gives access to all acute accents, grave accents, cedillas, digraphs and quote signs you’ll need to write in proper French:

┌─────┬─────┬─────┬─────┬─────┬─────┬─────┬─────┬─────┬─────┬─────┬─────┬─────┲━━━━━━━━━━┓
│ ~   │ !   │ @   │ #   │ $   │ %   │ ^   │ &   │ *   │ (   │ )   │ _   │ +   ┃          ┃
│ `   │ 1 „ │ 2 “ │ 3 ” │ 4   │ 5 € │ 6   │ 7   │ 8   │ 9   │ 0 ° │ -   │ =   ┃ ⌫        ┃
┢━━━━━┷━━┱──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┺━━┯━━━━━━━┩
┃        ┃ Q   │ W   │ E   │ R   │ T   │ Y   │ U   │ I   │ O   │ P   │ « { │ » } │ |     │
┃ ↹      ┃   æ │   é │   è │     │     │     │   ù │     │   œ │     │ ^ [ │ ¨ ] │ \     │
┣━━━━━━━━┻┱────┴┬────┴┬────┴┬────┴┬────┴┬────┴┬────┴┬────┴┬────┴┬────┴┬────┴┲━━━━┷━━━━━━━┪
┃         ┃ A   │ S   │ D   │ F   │ G   │ H   │ J   │ K   │ L   │ ★   │ "   ┃            ┃
┃ ⇬       ┃   à │     │     │     │     │   ← │   ↓ │   ↑ │   → │   ` │ '   ┃ ⏎          ┃
┣━━━━━━┳━━┹──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┲━━┻━━━━━━━━━━━━┫
┃      ┃ >   │ Z   │ X   │ C   │ V   │ B   │ N   │ M   │ ;   │ :   │ ?   ┃               ┃
┃ ⇧    ┃ <   │     │     │   ç │     │     │     │   µ │ ,   │ . … │ /   ┃ ⇧             ┃
┣━━━━━━┻┳━━━━┷━━┳━━┷━━━━┱┴─────┴─────┴─────┴─────┴─────┴─┲━━━┷━━━┳━┷━━━━━╋━━━━━━━┳━━━━━━━┫
┃       ┃       ┃       ┃ ⍽ nbsp                         ┃       ┃       ┃       ┃       ┃
┃ Ctrl  ┃ super ┃ Alt   ┃ ␣                            ’ ┃ AltGr ┃ super ┃ menu  ┃ Ctrl  ┃
┗━━━━━━━┻━━━━━━━┻━━━━━━━┹────────────────────────────────┺━━━━━━━┻━━━━━━━┻━━━━━━━┻━━━━━━━┛

… which leaves the AltGr layer fully available for any customization you have in mind.

┌─────┬─────┬─────┬─────┬─────┬─────┬─────┬─────┬─────┬─────┬─────┬─────┬─────┲━━━━━━━━━━┓
│    ̃ │     │     │     │     │     │     │     │     │     │     │     │     ┃          ┃
│    ̀ │   ! │   ( │   ) │   ' │   " │   ^ │   7 │   8 │   9 │   / │     │     ┃ ⌫        ┃
┢━━━━━┷━━┱──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┺━━┳━━━━━━━┫
┃        ┃     │     │     │     │     │     │     │     │     │     │     │     ┃       ┃
┃ ↹      ┃   = │   < │   > │   - │   + │     │   4 │   5 │   6 │   * │     │     ┃       ┃
┣━━━━━━━━┻┱────┴┬────┴┬────┴┬────┴┬────┴┬────┴┬────┴┬────┴┬────┴┬────┴┬────┴┬────┺┓  ⏎   ┃
┃         ┃     │     │     │     │     │     │     │     │     │     │     │     ┃      ┃
┃ ⇬       ┃   { │   [ │   ] │   } │   / │     │   1 │   2 │   3 │   - │    ́ │     ┃      ┃
┣━━━━━━┳━━┹──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┬──┴──┲━━┷━━━━━┻━━━━━━┫
┃      ┃     │     │     │     │     │     │     │     │     │     │     ┃               ┃
┃ ⇧    ┃     │   ~ │   ` │   | │   _ │   \ │     │   0 │   , │   . │   + ┃ ⇧             ┃
┣━━━━━━┻┳━━━━┷━━┳━━┷━━━━┱┴─────┴─────┴─────┴─────┴─────┴─┲━━━┷━━━┳━┷━━━━━╋━━━━━━━┳━━━━━━━┫
┃       ┃       ┃       ┃                                ┃       ┃       ┃       ┃       ┃
┃ Ctrl  ┃ super ┃ Alt   ┃                                ┃ AltGr ┃ super ┃ menu  ┃ Ctrl  ┃
┗━━━━━━━┻━━━━━━━┻━━━━━━━┹────────────────────────────────┺━━━━━━━┻━━━━━━━┻━━━━━━━┻━━━━━━━┛

The default layout allows to write in English, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, German, Dutch and Esperanto easily.

More information on the website (in French): http://fabi1cazenave.github.io/qwerty-lafayette/

Download

http://fabi1cazenave.github.io/qwerty-lafayette/#download

Make your own

You’ll need the latest version of kalamine to build your own layout:

pip3 install kalamine

And build your custom layout like this:

kalamine MyCustomLayout.yaml

Why the name?

Because of Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette.

Alternatives

There are other ways to use a Qwerty-US keyboard for French. Here are the two most intuitive ones:

  • qwerty-intl — turns ~`'"^ into dead keys;
  • qwerty-fr — no dead keys, and a smart use of the AltGr layer for all French accented characters.

Qwerty-Lafayette provides sharper typography and better ergonomics in the long run, but has a steeper learning curve for non-touch-typists.