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farmOS.py

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farmOS.py is a Python library for interacting with farmOS over API.

For more information on farmOS, visit farmOS.org.

Installation

To install using pip:

$ pip install farmOS~=1.0.0b

To install using conda see conda-forge/farmos-feedstock

Usage

Authentication

The farmOS.py client authenticates with the farmOS server via OAuth Bearer tokens. Before authenticating with the server, a farmOS client must be created and an OAuth Authorization flow must be completed (unless an optional token was provided when creating the client).

Authorizing with Password Credentials (most common)
from farmOS import farmOS

hostname = "myfarm.farmos.net"
username = "username"
password = "password"

# Create the client.
farm_client = farmOS(
    hostname=hostname,
    client_id = "farm", # Optional. The default oauth client_id "farm" is enabled on all farmOS servers.
    scope="farm_manager", # Optional. The default scope is "farm_manager". Only needed if authorizing with a different scope.
    version=2 # Optional. The major version of the farmOS server, 1 or 2. Defaults to 2.
)

# Authorize the client, save the token.
# A scope can be specified, but will default to the default scope set when initializing the client.
token = farm_client.authorize(username, password, scope="farm_manager")

Running from a Python Console, the username and password can also be omitted and entered at runtime. This allows testing without saving credentials in plaintext:

>>> from farmOS import farmOS
>>> farm_client = farmOS(hostname="myfarm.farmos.net")
>>> farm_client.authorize()
Warning: Password input may be echoed.
Enter username: >? username
Warning: Password input may be echoed.
Enter password: >? password
>>> farm_client.info()
Authorizing with existing OAuth Token (advanced)

An existing token can be provided when creating the farmOS client. This is useful for advanced use cases where an OAuth token may be persisted.

from farmOS import farmOS

hostname = "myfarm.farmos.net"
token = {
    "access_token": "abcd",
    "refresh_token": "abcd",
    "expires_at": "timestamp",
}

# Create the client with existing token.
farm_client = farmOS(
    hostname=hostname,
    token=token,
)
Saving OAuth Tokens

By default, access tokens expire in 1 hour. This means that requests sent 1 hour after authorization will trigger a refresh flow, providing the client with a new access_token to use. A token_updater can be provided to save tokens external of the session when automatic refreshing occurs.

The token_updater defaults to an empty lambda function: lambda new_token: None. Alternatively, set token_updater = None to allow the requests_oauthlib.TokenUpdated exception to be raised and caught by code executing requests from farmOS.py.

from farmOS import farmOS

hostname = "myfarm.farmos.net"
username = "username"
password = "password"

# Maintain an external state of the token.
current_token = None

# Callback function to save new tokens.
def token_updater(new_token):
    print(f"Got a new token! {new_token}")
    # Update state.
    current_token = new_token

# Create the client.
farm_client = farmOS(
    hostname=hostname,
    token_updater=token_updater, # Provide the token updater callback.
)

# Authorize the client.
# Save the initial token that is created.
current_token = farm_client.authorize(username, password, scope="farm_manager")

Server Info

info = farm_client.info()

{
  "jsonapi": {
    "version": "1.0",
    "meta": {
      "links": {
        "self": {
          "href": "http://jsonapi.org/format/1.0/"
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "data": [],
  "meta": {
    "links": {
      "me": {
        "meta": {
          "id": "163c6e73-46fb-4283-b26b-153b598151ce"
        },
        "href": "http://localhost/api/user/user/163c6e73-46fb-4283-b26b-153b598151ce"
      }
    },
    "farm": {
      "name": "Drush Site-Install",
      "url": "http://localhost",
      "version": "2.x",
      "system_of_measurement": "metric"
    }
  },
  "links": {
    "asset--animal": {
      "href": "http://localhost/api/asset/animal"
    },
    "asset--equipment": {
      "href": "http://localhost/api/asset/equipment"
    },
    ...
  }
}

Client methods

farmOS.py can connect to farmOS servers running version ^1.6 or 2.x. The version should be specified when instantiating the farmOS client, see Authentication.

Because of API changes in farmOS 2.x, the client provides different methods depending on the server version:

Logging

You can configure how farmOS logs are displayed with the following:

import logging

# Required to init a config on the ROOT logger, that all other inherit from
logging.basicConfig()

 # Configure all loggers under farmOS (farmOS.client, famrOS.session) to desired level
logging.getLogger("farmOS").setLevel(logging.DEBUG)

 # Hide debug logging from the farmOS.session module
logging.getLogger("farmOS.session").setLevel(logging.WARNING)

More info on logging in Python here.

TESTING

Functional tests require a live instance of farmOS to communicate with. Configure credentials for the farmOS instance to test against by setting the following environment variables:

FARMOS_HOSTNAME, FARMOS_OAUTH_USERNAME, FARMOS_OAUTH_PASSWORD, FARMOS_OAUTH_CLIENT_ID, FARMOS_OAUTH_CLIENT_SECRET

Automated tests are run with pytest:

python setup.py test

MAINTAINERS

This project has been sponsored by:

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A Python library for interacting with farmOS over API.

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