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Esperanto Analyzer

Esperanto Flag

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Atendu! Kio estas Esperanto? (Wait! What is Esperanto?)

That is a fair question! Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language (conlang) in the world. It was created back in 1887 by a polish-jewish guy named "Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof"(often refered as L.L Zamenhof). Zamenhof's goal was to create an easy and flexible language that would serve as a universal second language to foster peace and international understanding of people from all around the world.

The phonology, grammar, vocabulary, and semantics are based on the Indo-European(Italian,Spanish,French, Catalan, Russian, German...) languages spoken in Europe. The sound inventory is essentially Slavic, as is much of the semantics, whereas the vocabulary derives primarily from the Romance languages, with a lesser contribution from Germanic languages and minor contributions from Slavic languages and Greek.

The language has more than 130 years of history and culture now, and a very active community as well.

Esperanto is a SUPER regular language, this means that the language does not have irregular verbs or gender distinction for articles, beside this Esperanto has only 16 grammar rules. For example, one of the rules: ALL Nouns MUST end with the vowel o, eg:

  • domo
  • homo
  • komputilo
  • komputilisto

Or Adjectives MUST end with the letter a, eg:

  • bela
  • granda
  • varma
  • malvarma

If you want to know (or learn) more about Esperanto, you should read the following links:

About this project

The aim of this project is to create one tool that can read and grammarly classify Esperanto sentences.

The first part of project consists in Morphological Analyzes of Esperanto words, the next step is to create a Syntactical Analyzer for the language as well.

How to use it?


You can check it out the demo application built with React: Online Demo or Github Repository

Frontend application

Or you can try the demo API hosted on Heroku:


First, install it:

$ pip install esperanto-analyzer

CLI usage:

[TODO] (Skip it for now)

Now you will have the libraries source-code files in your system, and also the executable binary through CLI, test it:

$ eo-analyzer --version
> Version: 0.0.1
$ eo-analyzer "Jen la alfabeto de Esperanto. Ĉiu litero ĉiam sonas same kaj literumado estas perfekte regula. Klaku la ekzemplojn por aŭdi la elparolon!"

eo-analyzer response

Pretty cool humn?

Python library usage

Ok, so now you want to import this library in your project, right? That's super simple, just drop these lines in your project:

Morphological analyzes of sentences

from esperanto_analyzer import MorphologicalSentenceAnalyzer

# Creates one instance to morphologically analyzes one sentence
analyzer = MorphologicalSentenceAnalyzer("Esperanto estas tre facila lingvo al lerni.")
analyzer.analyze() # => Returns True/False

# This is the simplest human-readable response of the morphological analyzes' results
# => [['Esperanto', 'Noun'], ['estas', 'Verb'], ['tre', 'Adverb'], ['facila', 'Adjective'], ['lingvo', 'Noun'], ['al', 'Preposition'], ['lerni', 'Verb']]

But you can always deal with a more complex results set if you (or better, your software) want/need to:

# The `#results()` method returns a Array object wirh a more complex structure than `#simple_results()` method
results = analyzer.analyzes_results()
first_analyze = results[0]

# Returns and Array object with `AnalyzeResult` objects
# => [<esperanto_analyzer.analyzers.morphological.analyze_result.AnalyzeResult at 0x106888470>, <esperanto_analyzer.analyzers.morphological.analyze_result.AnalyzeResult at 0x106888710>,(...)]

# => <esperanto_analyzer.analyzers.morphological.analyze_result.AnalyzeResult object at 0x106888470>

# Rich and detailed results using `AnalyzeResult`
# => <esperanto_analyzer.analyzers.morphological.noun.NounMorphologicalAnalyzer object at 0x106888898>

# Get any information that you might need using the response objects API
print((first_analyze.result.raw_word, first_analyze.result.matches, first_analyze.result.word_class() ))
# => ('Esperanto', <re.Match object; span=(0, 9), match='Esperanto'>, <class 'esperanto_analyzer.speech.noun.Noun'>)

Morphological analyze of a single WORD

You can also use the internal analyzers of words if you want so, ex:

from esperanto_analyzer.analyzers.morphological import AdjectiveMorphologicalAnalyzer, NumeralMorphologicalAnalyzer

# There's the total of `10` morphological analyzers, such as `VerbMorphologicalAnalyzer`, `NumeralMorphologicalAnalyzer`
analyzer = AdjectiveMorphologicalAnalyzer('belajn')
# If it returns true, that means that the inputed word is a valid adjective. False otherwise
analyzer.analyze() # => returns True/False

# => <re.Match object; span=(0, 6), match='belajn'>
print(analyzer.raw_word) # => 'belajn'

# The `word` property is one class object that inherits from the `Word` class.
# => <esperanto_analyzer.speech.adjective.Adjective at 0x1069079e8>

# Get the base class name for the detected 'Part of Speech' class
print(analyzer.word.__class__.__name__) # => 'Adjective'

numeral_analyzer = NumeralMorphologicalAnalyzer('naŭcent')
numeral_analyzer.analyze() # => True

# => <esperanto_analyzer.speech.numeral.Numeral at 0x106964cf8>

# => <re.Match object; span=(0, 7), match='naŭcent'>

Parts of Speech: Word, Article, Adverb, Adjective, Verb...

You can even use the Parts of Speech(such as Article, Adverb, Pronoun, Conjunction) of the language:

# `esperanto_analyzer.speech` is home for all parts-of-speech classes
from esperanto_analyzer.speech import Article

# Raises an `InvalidArticleError` Exception, since 'lo' is not an Esperanto article
article = Article('lo')

# 'La' is the ONLY valid article in Esperanto
valid_article = Article('la')

# All `esperanto_analyzer.speech` objects inherits from `esperanto_analyzer.speech.word.Word` class
print(valid_article.__class__.__bases__) # => (esperanto_analyzer.speech.word.Word,)

# La is invariable article, it's the same for plural and singular sentences, ex:
# 'La domo' # The house
# 'La domoj' # The houses
print(valid_article.plural) # => False

# You can provide some `context` when creating the `Part of Speech` so it can determine if the word should be in plural or singular, eg:
print(Article('la', 'domoj').plural) # => True

Development Setup

Clone this repository:

$ git clone
$ cd esperanto-analyzer

Make sure you have python >= 3.7.0 and virtualenv >= 16.0.0 installed:

$ python --version
> Python 3.7.0
$ virtualenv --version
> 16.0.0

Otherwise, install it.

Then, create one new virtualenv and activate it:

$ virtualenv venv
$ source venv/bin/activate

Install the dependencies for development and test enviroments:

# If you just want to install the needed dependencies for production, just run: `make init`
$ make init_dev
> pip install -r development_requirements.txt
> pip install -r test_requirements.txt
> pip install -r requirements.txt

Run the tests:

$ make test
> pytest tests --cov-config .coveragerc --cov=esperanto_analyzer --cov-report=html
> =============================================================================== test session starts ================================================================================
> platform darwin -- Python 3.7.0, pytest-3.7.4, py-1.6.0, pluggy-0.7.1
> rootdir: /(...)/esperanto_analyzer, inifile:
> plugins: cov-2.5.1
> collected 492 items

> (...)

> ====================================================================== 492 passed, 2 warnings in 2.61 seconds ======================================================================

You can follow the code coverage stats opening: coverage/index.html

OBS: This library has 100% code coverage at the time of this writing!

Built-in JSON Web API

Note: This web API will be published as a separated package in a near future.

This library cames with a very simple HTTP Server built on top of Flask to provide an WEB API interface for integration with others systems. You can run the HTTP server running the following make task in the root folder of the project:

$ make web_api # or simply running: python web/
> python esperanto_analyzer/web/
> * Serving Flask app "esperanto_analyzer.web.api.server" (lazy loading)
> * Environment: production
>   WARNING: Do not use the development server in a production environment.
>   Use a production WSGI server instead.
> * Debug mode: on
> * Running on (Press CTRL+C to quit)

Or you can just run it from inside any python project with:

from esperanto_analyzer.web import run_app

run_app(debug=True, port=9090)
# * Serving Flask app "esperanto_analyzer.web.api.server" (lazy loading)
# * Environment: production
#   WARNING: Do not use the development server in a production environment.
#   Use a production WSGI server instead.
# * Debug mode: off
# * Running on (Press CTRL+C to quit)

This server has auto-reload(or hot-reload) enabled by default, so you don't need to restart the server when you change the source code.

To test it:



If you need an API(like this one) you can just easily deploy this project to Heroku since it comes with a Procfile file, this will take no more than 4 commands:

OBS: You will need Heroku's CLI for this.

$ git clone
$ cd esperanto-analyzer
$ heroku create my-esperanto-analyzer
> Creating ⬢ my-analyzer-test... done
$ git push heroku master:master
# Open
$ heroku open '/analyze?sentence=Kiel%20vi%20fartas?'

How it works?

This library can be used in a miriad of ways to analyze Esperanto sentences and words, for a complete reference of the API and all the possibilities you should check the 'Full API' section.


📆 Roadmap

  • Create syntactical analyzers
  • Update this Roadmap with more plans
  • Front-end application. (Done, check it out)

👍 Contributing

Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at This project is intended to be a safe, welcoming space for collaboration, and contributors are expected to adhere to the Contributor Covenant code of conduct.

📝 License

The library is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.