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Website screenshot service powered by node.js and phantomjs

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Readme.md

Screenshot as a Service

A simple screenshot web service powered by Express and PhantomJS. Forked from screenshot-app.

Setup

First install phantomjs, then clone this repo and install the deps:

$ npm install

Run the app:

$ node app
Express server listening on port 3000

Usage

For a quick test with the command line, type:

$ curl http://localhost:3000/?url=www.google.com > google.png

Here is the complete usage documentation, also accessible on /usage.html:

# Take a screenshot
GET /?url=www.google.com
# Return a 1024x600 PNG screenshot of the www.google.com homepage

# Custom viewport size
GET /?url=www.google.com&width=800&height=600
# Return a 800x600 PNG screenshot of the www.google.com homepage

# Disable JavaScript
GET /?url=www.google.com&javascriptEnabled=false
# Return a screenshot with no JavaScript executed

# Custom User Agent
GET /?url=www.google.com&userAgent=Mozilla%2F5.0+%28iPhone%3B+CPU+iPhone+OS+5_0+like+Mac+OS+X%29+AppleWebKit%2F534.46+%28KHTML%2C+like+Gecko%29+Version%2F5.1+Mobile%2F9A334+Safari%2F7534.48.3
# Return a screenshot using an iPhone browser
# (User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (iPhone; CPU iPhone OS 5_0 like Mac OS X) AppleWebKit/534.46 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/5.1 Mobile/9A334 Safari/7534.48.3)

# Clipping Rectangle
GET /?url=www.google.com&clipRect=%7B"top"%3A14%2C"left"%3A3%2C"width"%3A400%2C"height"%3A300%7D
# Return a screenshot clipped at {"top":14,"left":3,"width":400,"height":300}

# HTTP Authentication
GET /?url=www.mysite.com&userName=johndoe&password=S3cr3t
# Return a screenshot of a website requiring basic http authentication

# Asynchronous call
GET /?url=www.google.com&callback=http://www.myservice.com/screenshot/google
# Return an empty response immediately (HTTP 200 OK),
# then send a POST request to the callback URL when the screenshot is ready
# with the PNG image in the body.

# Screenshot delay
GET /?url=www.google.com&delay=1000
# Return a 1024x600 PNG screenshot of the www.google.com homepage
# 1 second after it's loaded

# Use an HTML form to ask for a screenshot
GET /form.html

Screenshots are cached for one minute, so that frequent requests for the same screenshot don't slow the service down. You can adjust or disable caching in the project configuration (see below).

Configuration

Create a config/development.yaml or a config/production.yaml to override any of the settings found in the config/default.yaml:

rasterizer:
  command: phantomjs   # phantomjs executable
  port: 3001           # internal service port. No need to allow inbound or outbound access to this port
  path: '/tmp/'        # where the screenshot files are stored
  viewport: '1024x600' # browser window size. Height frows according to the content
cache:
  lifetime: 60000      # one minute, set to 0 for no cache
server:
  port: 3000           # main service port

For instance, if you want to setup a proxy for phantomjs, create a config/development.yaml as follows:

rasterizer:
  command: 'phantomjs --proxy=myproxy:1234'

Asynchronous Usage Example

Here is an example application that takes asynchronous screenshots of a list of websites at regular intervals and saves them to disk:

var http = require('http');
var url  = require('url');
var fs   = require('fs');

// create a server to receive callbacks from the screenshot service
// and save the body to a PNG file
http.createServer(function(req, res) {
  var name = url.parse(req.url).pathname.slice(1);
  req.on('end', function () {
    res.writeHead(200);
    res.end();
  });
  req.pipe(fs.createWriteStream(__dirname + '/' + name + '.png'));
}).listen(8124);
console.log("Server running on port 8124");

var sites = {
  'google': 'http://www.google.com',
  'yahoo':  'http://www.yahoo.com'
};
var screenshotServiceUrl = 'http://my.screenshot.app:3000/'; // must be running screenshot-app

// call the screenshot service using the current server as a callback
var poller = function() {
  for (name in sites) {
    var options = url.parse(screenshotServiceUrl + sites[name] + '?callback=http://localhost:8124/' + name);
    http.get(options, function(res) {});
  };
}
setInterval(poller, 60000);

Every minute, this script will refresh the two screenshots google.png and yahoo.png.

TODO

  • Allow to configure phantomjs options through YAML config
  • Implement a simple queuing system forcing the use of asynchronous screenshots when the number of browser processes reaches the limit

License

(The MIT License)

Copyright (c) 2012 François Zaninotto, TJ Holowaychuk <tj@vision-media.ca>

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the 'Software'), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED 'AS IS', WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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