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cmd/go: allow replacement modules to alias other active modules #26904

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mwf opened this issue Aug 9, 2018 · 13 comments

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@mwf
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@mwf mwf commented Aug 9, 2018

What version of Go are you using (go version)?

Go tip:
go version devel +f2131f6e0c Wed Aug 8 21:37:36 2018 +0000 darwin/amd64

Does this issue reproduce with the latest release?

Yes (it is not reproduced with go version go1.11beta2 darwin/amd64)

What operating system and processor architecture are you using (go env)?

GOARCH="amd64"
GOBIN=""
GOCACHE="/Users/ikorolev/Library/Caches/go-build"
GOEXE=""
GOFLAGS=""
GOHOSTARCH="amd64"
GOHOSTOS="darwin"
GOOS="darwin"
GOPATH="/var/folders/_b/d1934m9s587_8t_6ngv3hnc00000gp/T/tmp.cqU8g8OM/gopath"
GOPROXY=""
GORACE=""
GOROOT="/Users/ikorolev/.gvm/gos/go1.11beta3"
GOTMPDIR=""
GOTOOLDIR="/Users/ikorolev/.gvm/gos/go1.11beta3/pkg/tool/darwin_amd64"
GCCGO="gccgo"
CC="clang"
CXX="clang++"
CGO_ENABLED="1"
GOMOD="/var/folders/_b/d1934m9s587_8t_6ngv3hnc00000gp/T/tmp.cqU8g8OM/vgo-a-user/go.mod"
CGO_CFLAGS="-g -O2"
CGO_CPPFLAGS=""
CGO_CXXFLAGS="-g -O2"
CGO_FFLAGS="-g -O2"
CGO_LDFLAGS="-g -O2"
PKG_CONFIG="pkg-config"
GOGCCFLAGS="-fPIC -m64 -pthread -fno-caret-diagnostics -Qunused-arguments -fmessage-length=0 -fdebug-prefix-map=/var/folders/_b/d1934m9s587_8t_6ngv3hnc00000gp/T/go-build138999780=/tmp/go-build -gno-record-gcc-switches -fno-common"

What did you do?

Sorry, no standalone reproduction, since issue is connected with repository forking

Assume we have a repository A: https://github.com/mwf/vgo-a with the only feature:

package a

var A = "A"

Than we have a fork1 https://github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork1, adding a feature B :

package a

var B = "B is a new feature in a-fork1"

Unfortunately fork1 will never be merged to the upstream, just because a author don't like this feature.

It's important to note, that both a and a-fork1 don't have go.mod, they are too conservative for that 😄

Then we got a happy user, using both projects in his repo.
go.mod:

module github.com/mwf/vgo-a-user

require (
	github.com/mwf/vgo-a v0.1.0
	github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork1 v0.2.0
)

main.go

package main

import (
	"fmt"

	"github.com/mwf/vgo-a"
	a_fork "github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork1"
)

func main() {
	fmt.Printf("A: %q\n", a.A)
	fmt.Printf("B: %q\n", a_fork.B)
}

All just works fine:

$ go run .
A: "A"
B: "B is a new feature in a-fork1"

Here appears fork2 https://github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork2, forked from fork1, and fixing some bugs both in the upstream and in fork1.

We use the fork2 with replace in our main repo: https://github.com/mwf/vgo-a-user/blob/master/go.mod

module github.com/mwf/vgo-a-user

require (
	github.com/mwf/vgo-a v0.1.0
	github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork1 v0.2.0
)

replace github.com/mwf/vgo-a => github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork2 v0.2.1

replace github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork1 => github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork2 v0.2.1

What did you expect to see?

Building this with go1.11beta2 works just fine:

cd `mktemp -d`
git clone git@github.com:mwf/vgo-a-user.git .
go version && go run .

Output:

go version go1.11beta2 darwin/amd64
go: finding github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork2 v0.2.1
go: downloading github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork2 v0.2.1
go: finding github.com/mwf/vgo-a v0.1.0
go: finding github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork1 v0.2.0
A: "A, fixed in a-fork2"
B: "B, fixed in a-fork2"

What did you see instead?

Building with the tip (and beta3) returns an error:

cd `mktemp -d`
git clone git@github.com:mwf/vgo-a-user.git .
go version && go run .

Output:

go version devel +f2131f6e0c Wed Aug 8 21:37:36 2018 +0000 darwin/amd64
go: finding github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork2 v0.2.1
go: downloading github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork2 v0.2.1
go: github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork1@v0.2.0 used for two different module paths (github.com/mwf/vgo-a and github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork1)

More comments

I understand that this case is very specific and arguable - this should not ever happen ideally, but we have the real case here:
https://github.com/utrack/clay/blob/master/integration/binding_with_body_and_response/go.mod

There is a little workaround, to define go.mod at fork2 and make a replace upstream -> fork2_with_go.mod, but it's too dirty :)

replace github.com/mwf/vgo-a => github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork2 v0.3.0 // version with go.mod
replace github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork1 => github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork2 v0.2.1 // no go.mod

It works with tip and beta3:

$ go version && go run .
go version devel +f2131f6e0c Wed Aug 8 21:37:36 2018 +0000 darwin/amd64
A: "A, fixed in a-fork2"
B: "B, fixed in a-fork2"

If you decide that the case is too specific and crazy, and you'd like to close as "Won't fix" - then I assume we should change the error string, because it's confusing now:

go: github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork1@v0.2.0 used for two different module paths (github.com/mwf/vgo-a and github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork1)

It should look like this:

go: github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork2@v0.2.1 used for two different module paths (github.com/mwf/vgo-a and github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork1)

because it's github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork2 who's to blame for the error.

@mwf

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@mwf mwf commented Aug 9, 2018

And this crazy stuff could happen only in non-go.mod repositories, because you can't use both upstream and fork at the same time if they have go.mod inside:

module github.com/mwf/vgo-a-user

require (
    github.com/mwf/vgo-a-mod v0.1.0
    github.com/mwf/vgo-a-mod-fork1 v0.2.0
)
$ go run .
go: finding github.com/mwf/vgo-a-mod-fork1 v0.2.0
go: github.com/mwf/vgo-a-mod-fork1@v0.2.0: parsing go.mod: unexpected module path "github.com/mwf/vgo-a-mod"
go: finding github.com/mwf/vgo-a-mod v0.1.0
go: error loading module requirements

You are forced either to use your fork as replace argument, or to change the module in fork's go.mod and never assume it as a fork again :) And this is for the best 👍

So no one will ever hit such an issue in the brave new world of go modules 😄

@bcmills

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@bcmills bcmills commented Aug 9, 2018

Ideally, I think the long-term solution will be to treat replacements as rewriting the import paths rather than the source code, to allow for precisely this kind of fork-unification behavior.

(For an example of how this can go wrong otherwise, see the code in #26607.)

@bcmills bcmills added this to the Go1.12 milestone Aug 9, 2018
@mwf

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@mwf mwf commented Aug 9, 2018

@bcmills you set "Go1.12" milestone for the issue.

Maybe we could at least fix the error string in Go1.11 to eliminate the confusion?

If you decide that the case is too specific and crazy, and you'd like to close as "Won't fix" - then I assume we should change the error string, because it's confusing now:

go: github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork1@v0.2.0 used for two different module paths (github.com/mwf/vgo-a and github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork1)

It should look like this:

go: github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork2@v0.2.1 used for two different module paths (github.com/mwf/vgo-a and github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork1)

because it's github.com/mwf/vgo-a-fork2 who's to blame for the error.

@bcmills

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@bcmills bcmills commented Aug 9, 2018

Oh, yeah, that's an easy fix.

@gopherbot

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@gopherbot gopherbot commented Aug 9, 2018

Change https://golang.org/cl/128878 mentions this issue: cmd/go/internal/modload: emit correct module in duplication error

@F21

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@F21 F21 commented Jan 17, 2019

I am also seeing this problem when using go mod why. Since testcontainers/testcontainer-go was renamed to testcontainers/testcontainers-go recently, modules break for me since it is being used by one of my dependencies (not sure how deep).

I added:

replace github.com/testcontainers/testcontainer-go => github.com/testcontainers/testcontainers-go v0.0.0-20190108154635-47c0da630f72

to go.mod in order to get go get -u and go mod tidy to work correctly.

However, if I run go mod why github.com/testcontainers/testcontainers-go, I get:

go: finding github.com/testcontainers/testcontainers-go latest
go: github.com/testcontainers/testcontainers-go@v0.0.0-20190108154635-47c0da630f72 used for two different module paths (github.com/testcontainers/testcontainer-go and github.com/testcontainers/testcontainers-go)
@Smityz

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@Smityz Smityz commented Jun 6, 2019

I am confusing the situation,is there any solution can fix my problem(#32462 )?
I am sorry,i am a rookie in programming.

@bcmills

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@bcmills bcmills commented Jun 6, 2019

@Smityz, it's not clear why you need those replace statements to begin with. If you need help setting up a project using modules (and have already checked http://golang.org/wiki/Modules for solutions), the venues on http://golang.org/wiki/Questions are likely to be more effective.

@Smityz

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@Smityz Smityz commented Jun 7, 2019

@Smityz, it's not clear why you need those replace statements to begin with. If you need help setting up a project using modules (and have already checked http://golang.org/wiki/Modules for solutions), the venues on http://golang.org/wiki/Questions are likely to be more effective.

In China.For some reasons,we can't access golang.org or other repository,the only repository we can access is which in github,so I have to do that to get my package.

@agnivade

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@agnivade agnivade commented Jun 7, 2019

Use go mod edit -replace=<src>=<target> to replace golang.org modules by github.com paths. See #28652 for more examples and context. Use http://golang.org/wiki/Questions if you have further questions.

@andybons andybons modified the milestones: Go1.13, Go1.14 Jul 8, 2019
rodrigc added a commit to libopenstorage/openstorage that referenced this issue Sep 24, 2019
Recommended here:
golang/go#26904 (comment)
kubernetes-sigs/controller-runtime#219 (comment)

Signed-off-by: Craig Rodrigues <craig@portworx.com>
@rsc rsc modified the milestones: Go1.14, Backlog Oct 9, 2019
@bcmills bcmills modified the milestones: Backlog, Go1.14 Oct 10, 2019
@bcmills

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@bcmills bcmills commented Oct 24, 2019

replace in general needs some rework, which we plan to investigate in conjunction with broader improvements to the MVS / module loading process.

The right syntax for this sort of replace depends on what we can (or can't) eliminate at that point, so putting on hold until 1.15 so that we can tackle all of these holistically.

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