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cmd/compile: minimally align variables in memory when -d=checkptr is used #35128
-d=checkptr should report a warning for:
In general, this is unsafe because
Currently, this isn't reliably reported, because efficiently allocating variables often results in over alignment. But when -d=checkptr is in use, cmd/compile and the runtime could burn a few bytes of memory to intentionally minimally align things in the heap and on the stack (e.g., 1-byte-alignment variables always on an odd address).
Relatedly, when the runtime allocates a chunk of memory for a heap variable allocation, it could align the variable as close to the end of the allocation (rather than at the beginning), so that we can more easily detect pointer arithmetic overflows (at the expense of pointer arithmetic underflows, which seem less common).
These both would have helped catch issues that I've noticed in CLs to address errors reported by -d=checkptr.
(Prior art: I think OpenBSD's malloc used to prefer aligning allocations towards the end of an mmap'ed page so that buffer overflows were more likely to trigger a segmentation fault. Not sure if it still does that. I don't see it mentioned specifically in the man page.)
It is unclear whether unaligned reads should be allowed, or if they are even actually a good idea here. However, while we figure that out, we should un-break 'go test -race' for users of this package. Updates golang/go#37644 Updates golang/go#37298 Updates golang/go#37715 Updates golang/go#34972 Updates golang/go#35128 Change-Id: I088f5703023e4f05ee274a6753e925973f12ac1b Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/crypto/+/222855 Run-TryBot: Bryan C. Mills <email@example.com> TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <firstname.lastname@example.org> Reviewed-by: Matthew Dempsky <email@example.com>