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This reverts commit 0dbe308.

Reason for revert:

Original change's description:
> Vulkan: Use different strategy for buffer memory allocation
> This CL uses different memory allocation strategy based on the requested
> size. If the requested size exceeds 1M, we use dedicated memory
> allocation to avoid memory waste associated with the sub-allocator.
> Otherwise we uses VMA's sub-allocator pool.  This CL creates two sets of
> customized pool so that we uses different allocation strategy for each
> set of pool: the small pool uses buddy algorithm which favors speed over
> memory and large pool uses default algorithm that favors memory saving
> over speed. This CL also replaces vmaFindMemoryTypeIndexForBufferInfo
> with vmaFindMemoryTypeIndex to avoid create and destroy VkBuffer object
> just try to find memoryTypeIndex.
> Bug: b/195588159
> Change-Id: I2bddbfffd77ba2ce6b9389d83a31051c4b748c4d
> Reviewed-on:
> Commit-Queue: Charlie Lao <>
> Reviewed-by: Jamie Madill <>
> Reviewed-by: Shahbaz Youssefi <>
> Reviewed-by: Tim Van Patten <>

Bug: b/195588159
Change-Id: I2c8fe8cb2930d16f5212570d32be68e7c6a6e5f3
No-Presubmit: true
No-Tree-Checks: true
No-Try: true
Reviewed-by: Charlie Lao <>
Commit-Queue: Charlie Lao <>
Bot-Commit: Rubber Stamper <>


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ANGLE - Almost Native Graphics Layer Engine

The goal of ANGLE is to allow users of multiple operating systems to seamlessly run WebGL and other OpenGL ES content by translating OpenGL ES API calls to one of the hardware-supported APIs available for that platform. ANGLE currently provides translation from OpenGL ES 2.0, 3.0 and 3.1 to Vulkan, desktop OpenGL, OpenGL ES, Direct3D 9, and Direct3D 11. Future plans include ES 3.2, translation to Metal and MacOS, Chrome OS, and Fuchsia support.

Level of OpenGL ES support via backing renderers

Direct3D 9 Direct3D 11 Desktop GL GL ES Vulkan Metal
OpenGL ES 2.0 complete complete complete complete complete complete
OpenGL ES 3.0 complete complete complete complete in progress
OpenGL ES 3.1 incomplete complete complete complete
OpenGL ES 3.2 in progress in progress in progress

Platform support via backing renderers

Direct3D 9 Direct3D 11 Desktop GL GL ES Vulkan Metal
Windows complete complete complete complete complete
Linux complete complete
Mac OS X complete in progress
iOS planned
Chrome OS complete planned
Android complete complete
GGP (Stadia) complete
Fuchsia complete

ANGLE v1.0.772 was certified compliant by passing the OpenGL ES 2.0.3 conformance tests in October 2011.

ANGLE has received the following certifications with the Vulkan backend:

  • OpenGL ES 2.0: ANGLE 2.1.0.d46e2fb1e341 (Nov, 2019)
  • OpenGL ES 3.0: ANGLE 2.1.0.f18ff947360d (Feb, 2020)
  • OpenGL ES 3.1: ANGLE 2.1.0.f5dace0f1e57 (Jul, 2020)

ANGLE also provides an implementation of the EGL 1.4 specification.

ANGLE is used as the default WebGL backend for both Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox on Windows platforms. Chrome uses ANGLE for all graphics rendering on Windows, including the accelerated Canvas2D implementation and the Native Client sandbox environment.

Portions of the ANGLE shader compiler are used as a shader validator and translator by WebGL implementations across multiple platforms. It is used on Mac OS X, Linux, and in mobile variants of the browsers. Having one shader validator helps to ensure that a consistent set of GLSL ES shaders are accepted across browsers and platforms. The shader translator can be used to translate shaders to other shading languages, and to optionally apply shader modifications to work around bugs or quirks in the native graphics drivers. The translator targets Desktop GLSL, Vulkan GLSL, Direct3D HLSL, and even ESSL for native GLES2 platforms.


ANGLE repository is hosted by Chromium project and can be browsed online or cloned with

git clone


View the Dev setup instructions.



A conformant OpenGL ES implementation for Windows, Mac, Linux, iOS and Android.




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