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Merge pull request #229 from nel/master

Fix discrepency around faraday_option and add it to APIClient::Service
latest commit da25513e06
@sqrrrl sqrrrl authored

Google API Client

Bob Aman, Steven Bazyl
Copyright © 2011 Google, Inc.
Apache 2.0

Build Status Dependency Status


The Google API Ruby Client makes it trivial to discover and access supported APIs.


This library is in Alpha. We will make an effort to support the library, but we reserve the right to make incompatible changes when necessary.


Be sure is in your gem sources.

For normal client usage, this is sufficient:

$ gem install google-api-client

Example Usage

require 'google/api_client'
require 'google/api_client/client_secrets'
require 'google/api_client/auth/installed_app'

# Initialize the client.
client =
  :application_name => 'Example Ruby application',
  :application_version => '1.0.0'

# Initialize Google+ API. Note this will make a request to the
# discovery service every time, so be sure to use serialization
# in your production code. Check the samples for more details.
plus = client.discovered_api('plus')

# Load client secrets from your client_secrets.json.
client_secrets = Google::APIClient::ClientSecrets.load

# Run installed application flow. Check the samples for a more
# complete example that saves the credentials between runs.
flow =
  :client_id => client_secrets.client_id,
  :client_secret => client_secrets.client_secret,
  :scope => ['']
client.authorization = flow.authorize

# Make an API call.
result = client.execute(
  :api_method => plus.activities.list,
  :parameters => {'collection' => 'public', 'userId' => 'me'}


API Features

API Discovery

To take full advantage of the client, load API definitions prior to use. To load an API:

urlshortener = client.discovered_api('urlshortener')

Specific versions of the API can be loaded as well:

drive = client.discovered_api('drive', 'v2')

Locally cached discovery documents may be used as well. To load an API from a local file:

# Output discovery document to JSON'my-api.json', 'w') do |f| f.puts MultiJson.dump(client.discovery_document('myapi', 'v1')) end

# Read discovery document and load API
doc ='my-api.json')
client.register_discovery_document('myapi', 'v1', doc)
my_api = client.discovered_api('myapi', 'v1')


Most interactions with Google APIs require users to authorize applications via OAuth 2.0. The client library uses Signet to handle most aspects of authorization. For additional details about Google's OAuth support, see Google Developers.

Credentials can be managed at the connection level, as shown, or supplied on a per-request basis when calling execute.

For server-to-server interactions, like those between a web application and Google Cloud Storage, Prediction, or BigQuery APIs, use service accounts.

As of version 0.8.3, service accounts can be configured using Application Default Credentials, which rely on the credentials being available in a well-known location. If the credentials are not present and it's being used on a Compute Engine VM, it will use the VM's default credentials.

client.authorization = :google_app_default  # in a later version, this will become the default

This is simpler API to use than in previous versions, although that is still available:

key = Google::APIClient::KeyUtils.load_from_pkcs12('client.p12', 'notasecret')
client.authorization =
  :token_credential_uri => '',
  :audience => '',
  :scope => '',
  :issuer => '',
  :signing_key => key)

Service accounts are also used for delegation in Google Apps domains. The target user for impersonation is specified by setting the :person parameter to the user's email address in the credentials. Detailed instructions on how to enable delegation for your domain can be found at

Automatic Retries & Backoff

The API client can automatically retry requests for recoverable errors. To enable retries, set the client.retries property to the number of additional attempts. To avoid flooding servers, retries invovle a 1 second delay that increases on each subsequent retry. In the case of authentication token expiry, the API client will attempt to refresh the token and retry the failed operation - this is a specific exception to the retry rules.

The default value for retries is 0, but will be enabled by default in future releases.

Batching Requests

Some Google APIs support batching requests into a single HTTP request. Use Google::APIClient::BatchRequest to bundle multiple requests together.


client =
urlshortener = client.discovered_api('urlshortener')

batch = do |result|

batch.add(:api_method => urlshortener.url.insert,
          :body_object => { 'longUrl' => '' })
batch.add(:api_method => urlshortener.url.insert,
          :body_object => { 'longUrl' => '' })

Blocks for handling responses can be specified either at the batch level or when adding an individual API call. For example:

batch.add(:api_method=>urlshortener.url.insert, :body_object => { 'longUrl' => '' }) do |result|

Media Upload

For APIs that support file uploads, use Google::APIClient::UploadIO to load the stream. Both multipart and resumable uploads can be used. For example, to upload a file to Google Drive using multipart

drive = client.discovered_api('drive', 'v2')

media ='mymovie.m4v', 'video/mp4')
metadata = {
    'title' => 'My movie',
    'description' => 'The best home movie ever made'
client.execute(:api_method => drive.files.insert,
               :parameters => { 'uploadType' => 'multipart' },
               :body_object => metadata,
               :media => media )

To use resumable uploads, change the uploadType parameter to resumable. To check the status of the upload and continue if necessary, check result.resumable_upload.

client.execute(:api_method => drive.files.insert,
           :parameters => { 'uploadType' => 'resumable' },
           :body_object => metadata,
           :media => media )
upload = result.resumable_upload

# Resume if needed
if upload.resumable?


See the full list of samples on Github.


Please report bugs at the project on Github. Don't hesitate to ask questions about the client or APIs on StackOverflow.

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