Python Client for Google Maps Services
The Python Client for Google Maps Services is a Python Client library for the following Google Maps APIs:
Keep in mind that the same terms and conditions apply to usage of the APIs when they're accessed through this library.
This library is community supported. We're comfortable enough with the stability and features of the library that we want you to build real production applications on it. We will try to support, through Stack Overflow, the public and protected surface of the library and maintain backwards compatibility in the future; however, while the library is in version 0.x, we reserve the right to make backwards-incompatible changes. If we do remove some functionality (typically because better functionality exists or if the feature proved infeasible), our intention is to deprecate and give developers a year to update their code.
- Python 2.7 or later.
- A Google Maps API key.
Each Google Maps Web Service request requires an API key or client ID. API keys are freely available with a Google Account at https://developers.google.com/console. The type of API key you need is a Server key.
To get an API key:
- Visit https://developers.google.com/console and log in with a Google Account.
- Select one of your existing projects, or create a new project.
- Enable the API(s) you want to use. The Python Client for Google Maps Services
accesses the following APIs:
- Directions API
- Distance Matrix API
- Elevation API
- Geocoding API
- Places API
- Roads API
- Time Zone API
- Create a new Server key.
- If you'd like to restrict requests to a specific IP address, do so now.
Important: This key should be kept secret on your server.
$ pip install -U googlemaps
Note that you will need requests 2.4.0 or higher if you want to specify connect/read timeouts.
View the reference documentation
Additional documentation for the included web services is available at https://developers.google.com/maps/.
import googlemaps from datetime import datetime gmaps = googlemaps.Client(key='Add Your Key here') # Geocoding an address geocode_result = gmaps.geocode('1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, CA') # Look up an address with reverse geocoding reverse_geocode_result = gmaps.reverse_geocode((40.714224, -73.961452)) # Request directions via public transit now = datetime.now() directions_result = gmaps.directions("Sydney Town Hall", "Parramatta, NSW", mode="transit", departure_time=now)
Below is the same example, using client ID and client secret (digital signature)
for authentication. This code assumes you have previously loaded the
client_secret variables with appropriate values.
For a guide on how to generate the
client_secret (digital signature), see the
documentation for the API you're using. For example, see the guide for the
gmaps = googlemaps.Client(client_id=client_id, client_secret=client_secret) # Geocoding and address geocode_result = gmaps.geocode('1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, CA') # Look up an address with reverse geocoding reverse_geocode_result = gmaps.reverse_geocode((40.714224, -73.961452)) # Request directions via public transit now = datetime.now() directions_result = gmaps.directions("Sydney Town Hall", "Parramatta, NSW", mode="transit", departure_time=now)
For more usage examples, check out the tests.
Retry on Failure
Automatically retry when intermittent failures occur. That is, when any of the retriable 5xx errors are returned from the API.
Google Maps APIs Premium Plan customers can use their client ID and secret to authenticate, instead of an API key.
Building the Project
# Installing tox $ pip install tox # Running tests $ tox # Generating documentation $ tox -e docs # Uploading a new release $ easy_install wheel twine $ python setup.py sdist bdist_wheel $ twine upload dist/* # Copy docs to gh-pages $ tox -e docs && mv docs/_build/html generated_docs && git clean -Xdi && git checkout gh-pages