Character encoding for the web.
Python
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README.rst

python-webencodings

This is a Python implementation of the WHATWG Encoding standard.

In order to be compatible with legacy web content when interpreting something like Content-Type: text/html; charset=latin1, tools need to use a particular set of aliases for encoding labels as well as some overriding rules. For example, US-ASCII and iso-8859-1 on the web are actually aliases for windows-1252, and an UTF-8 or UTF-16 BOM takes precedence over any other encoding declaration. The Encoding standard defines all such details so that implementations do not have to reverse-engineer each other.

This module has encoding labels and BOM detection, but the actual implementation for encoders and decoders is Python’s.