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README.md

Platform API

Ruby HTTP client for the Heroku API.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'platform-api'

And then execute:

bundle

Or install it yourself as:

gem install platform-api

API documentation

Jump right to the API documentation for the nitty gritty details.

Usage guide

The best place to start using the Heroku API is the Platform API Reference. It has detailed descriptions of the HTTP API, including general information about authentication, caching, object identifiers, rate limits, etc. It also includes detailed information about each supported resource and the actions available for them.

The table of contents lists all the resources that are supported, such as App, Add-on, Config Vars, Formation, etc. Each resource includes detailed information about the support actions. For example, the Formation resource has Info, List, Batch update, and Update actions.

Resources and their related actions are available as methods on the client. When the URL for an action includes parameters they're passed as arguments to the method. When the request expects a request payload it's passed as a Hash in the final argument to the method.

For example, to get information about the web formation on the sushi app you'd invoke heroku.formation.info('sushi', 'web') and it would return a Ruby object that matches the one given in the response example.

The [API documentation] contains a description of all available resources and methods.

Handling errors

The client uses Excon under the hood and raises Excon::Error exceptions when errors occur. You can catch specific Excon error types if you want.

A real world example

Let's go through an example of creating an app and using the API to work with it. The first thing you need is a client setup with an OAuth token. You can create an OAuth token using the heroku-oauth toolbelt plugin:

$ heroku plugins:install git@github.com:heroku/heroku-oauth.git
$ heroku authorizations:create -d "Platform API example token"
Created OAuth authorization.
  ID:          2f01aac0-e9d3-4773-af4e-3e510aa006ca
  Description: Platform API example token
  Scope:       global
  Token:       e7dd6ad7-3c6a-411e-a2be-c9fe52ac7ed2

Use the Token value when instantiating a client:

require 'platform-api'
heroku = PlatformAPI.connect_oauth('e7dd6ad7-3c6a-411e-a2be-c9fe52ac7ed2')

The OAuth article has more information about OAuth tokens, including how to create tokens with specific scopes.

Now let's create an app:

heroku.app.create
=> {"id"=>22979756,
    "name"=>"floating-retreat-4255",
    "dynos"=>0,
    "workers"=>0,
    "repo_size"=>nil,
    "slug_size"=>nil,
    "stack"=>"cedar",
    "requested_stack"=>nil,
    "create_status"=>"complete",
    "repo_migrate_status"=>"complete",
    "owner_delinquent"=>false,
    "owner_email"=>"jkakar@heroku.com",
    "owner_name"=>nil,
    "domain_name"=>
     {"id"=>nil,
      "app_id"=>22979756,
      "domain"=>"floating-retreat-4255.herokuapp.com",
      "base_domain"=>"herokuapp.com",
      "created_at"=>nil,
      "default"=>true,
      "updated_at"=>nil},
    "web_url"=>"http://floating-retreat-4255.herokuapp.com/",
    "git_url"=>"git@heroku.com:floating-retreat-4255.git",
    "buildpack_provided_description"=>nil,
    "region"=>"us",
    "created_at"=>"2014/03/12 16:44:09 -0700",
    "archived_at"=>nil,
    "released_at"=>"2014/03/12 16:44:10 -0700",
    "updated_at"=>"2014/03/12 16:44:10 -0700"}

We can read the same information back with the info method.

heroku.app.info('floating-retreat-4255')
=> {"id"=>22979756,
    "name"=>"floating-retreat-4255",
    "dynos"=>0,
    "workers"=>0,
    "repo_size"=>nil,
    "slug_size"=>nil,
    "stack"=>"cedar",
    "requested_stack"=>nil,
    "create_status"=>"complete",
    "repo_migrate_status"=>"complete",
    "owner_delinquent"=>false,
    "owner_email"=>"jkakar@heroku.com",
    "owner_name"=>nil,
    "domain_name"=>
     {"id"=>nil,
      "app_id"=>22979756,
      "domain"=>"floating-retreat-4255.herokuapp.com",
      "base_domain"=>"herokuapp.com",
      "created_at"=>nil,
      "default"=>true,
      "updated_at"=>nil},
    "web_url"=>"http://floating-retreat-4255.herokuapp.com/",
    "git_url"=>"git@heroku.com:floating-retreat-4255.git",
    "buildpack_provided_description"=>nil,
    "region"=>"us",
    "created_at"=>"2014/03/12 16:44:09 -0700",
    "archived_at"=>nil,
    "released_at"=>"2014/03/12 16:44:12 -0700",
    "updated_at"=>"2014/03/12 16:44:12 -0700"}

Let's add a Heroku PostgreSQL database to our app now:

heroku.addon.create('floating-retreat-4255', {'plan' => 'heroku-postgresql:dev'})
=> {"config_vars"=>["HEROKU_POSTGRESQL_COBALT_URL"],
    "created_at"=>"2014-03-13T00:28:55Z",
    "id"=>"79a0c826-06be-4dcd-8bb5-f2c1b1bc2beb",
    "name"=>"heroku-postgresql-cobalt",
    "plan"=>
     {"id"=>"95a1ce4c-c651-45dc-aaee-79b4603e76b7",
      "name"=>"heroku-postgresql:dev"},
    "provider_id"=>"resource5924903@heroku.com",
    "updated_at"=>"2014-03-13T00:28:55Z"}

Excellent! That will have added a config var which we can now see:

heroku.config_var.info('floating-retreat-4255')
=> {"HEROKU_POSTGRESQL_COBALT_URL"=>"postgres://<redacted>"}

And there we go, we have the config var. Let's set an additional config var, which will also demonstrate how to make a request that needs a payload:

heroku.config_var.update('floating-retreat-4255', {'MYAPP' => 'ROCKS'})
=> {"HEROKU_POSTGRESQL_COBALT_URL"=>"postgres://<redacted>",
    "MYAPP"=>"ROCKS"}

As you can see, any action that needs a request body takes it as a plain Ruby object, as the final parameter of the method call.

Let's continue by deploying a sample app. We'll use the Geosockets example app:

$ git clone https://github.com/heroku-examples/geosockets.git
Cloning into 'geosockets'...
remote: Reusing existing pack: 489, done.
remote: Total 489 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0)
Receiving objects: 100% (489/489), 1.95 MiB | 1.14 MiB/s, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (244/244), done.
Checking connectivity... done.
$ cd geosockets
$ git remote add heroku git@heroku.com:floating-retreat-4255.git
$ heroku labs:enable websockets
$ heroku addons:add openredis:micro # $10/month
Adding openredis:micro on floating-retreat-4255... done, v10 ($10/mo)
Use `heroku addons:docs openredis` to view documentation.
$ git push heroku master
Initializing repository, done.
Counting objects: 489, done.
Delta compression using up to 4 threads.
Compressing objects: 100% (229/229), done.
Writing objects: 100% (489/489), 1.95 MiB | 243.00 KiB/s, done.
Total 489 (delta 244), reused 489 (delta 244)
8< snip 8<

We can now use the API to see our web process running:

heroku.formation.list('floating-retreat-4255')
=> [{"command"=>"coffee index.coffee",
     "created_at"=>"2014-03-13T04:13:37Z",
     "id"=>"f682b260-8089-4e18-b792-688cc02bf923",
     "type"=>"web",
     "quantity"=>1,
     "size"=>"1X",
     "updated_at"=>"2014-03-13T04:13:37Z"}]

Let's change web process to run on a 2X dyno:

heroku.formation.batch_update('floating-retreat-4255',
                              {"updates" => [{"process" => "web",
                                              "quantity" => 1,
                                              "size" => "2X"}]})
=> [{"command"=>"coffee index.coffee",
     "created_at"=>"2014-03-13T04:13:37Z",
     "id"=>"f682b260-8089-4e18-b792-688cc02bf923",
     "type"=>"web",
     "quantity"=>1,
     "size"=>"2X",
     "updated_at"=>"2014-03-13T04:22:15Z"}]

We could have included a number of different kinds of processes in the last command. We can use the singular update action to modify a single formation type:

heroku.formation.update('floating-retreat-4255', 'web', {"size" => "1X"})
=> {"command"=>"coffee index.coffee",
    "created_at"=>"2014-03-13T04:13:37Z",
    "id"=>"f682b260-8089-4e18-b792-688cc02bf923",
    "type"=>"web",
    "quantity"=>1,
    "size"=>"1X",
    "updated_at"=>"2014-03-13T04:24:46Z"}

Hopefully this has given you a taste of how the client works. If you have questions please feel free to file issues.

Debugging

Sometimes it helps to see more information about the requests flying by. You can start your program or an irb session with the EXCON_DEBUG=1 environment variable to cause request and response data to be written to STDERR.

Passing custom headers

The various connect methods take an options hash that you can use to include custom headers to include with every request:

client = PlatformAPI.connect('my-api-key', default_headers: {'Foo' => 'Bar'})

Using a custom cache

By default, the platform-api will cache data in ~/.heroics/platform-api. Use a different caching by passing in the Moneta instance you want to use:

client = PlatformAPI.connect('my-api-key', cache: Moneta.new(:Memory))

Connecting to a different host

Connect to a different host by passing a url option:

client = PlatformAPI.connect('my-api-key', url: 'https://api.example.com')

Building and releasing

Generate a new client

Generate a new client from the Heroku Platform API JSON schema:

rake build

Remember to commit and push the changes to Github.

Release a new gem

  • Bump the version in lib/platform-api/version.rb
  • bundle install to update Gemfile.lock
  • `git commit -m 'vX.Y.Z' to stage the version and Gemfile.lock changes
  • rake release to push git changes and to release to Rubygems

Building API documentation

Build documentation with:

rake yard

And then visit doc/index.html to read it. Alternately, build and publish it to Github Pages in one step with:

rake publish

You can see it live on Github Pages.

Contributing

  1. Fork the repository.
  2. Create your feature branch: git checkout -b my-new-feature
  3. Commit your changes: git commit -am 'Add some feature'
  4. Push to the branch: git push origin my-new-feature
  5. Create new pull request.
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.