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This is a cookbook for setting up MongoDB either as a single instance, or as a replica set. You can use the resource providers (see below) for creating your own layout of nodes, or the recipes to automatically set things up from node attributes.

Please note that this cookbook does not use the 10gen apt repository, and instead downloads the required binaries from a given server. This gives you the ability to point it at your own custom build of MongoDB (say with SSL included).


Integration tested with Chef 11.10 on:

  • Ubuntu 12.04
  • Debian 7.4

NOTE: Running MongoDB on 32bit nodes is generally a bad idea, so we'll raise an exception if someone tries to do it here.


On the most basic level, just include the hipsnip-mongodb::mongod recipe to set up a single instance, or the hipsnip-mongodb::replica_set recipe to set up a replica set. These will set sensible defaults and will work fine out of the box, but you have the ability to customize them using the attributes below.

NOTE: The replica_set recipe will not work with Chef Solo. You can use the resource providers below to manually build your own replica set, if you don't use Chef Server.


Please note that many of the attributes below directly map to settings in the MongoDB configuration file. For more details on these settings, please refer to the manual here.

Download settings

default['mongodb']['download']['version'] # The version to download (currently 2.4.10)
default['mongodb']['download']['checksum'] # SHA256 checksum of the version archive

# don't change these, unless you're running your own download server
default['mongodb']['download']['host'] # The host we're downloading from (defaults to '')
default['mongodb']['download']['subfolder'] # The subfolder we're downloading from (defaults to 'linux/')
default['mongodb']['download']['cache_dir'] # Where to store the downloaded archive (defaults to '/usr/local/src')

Global MongoDB configuration

These attributes are set globally on a node, and will apply to all instances which are deployed on that node.

default['mongodb']['user'] # The user to run MongoDB under (defaults to 'mongodb')
default['mongodb']['group'] # The group to run MongoDB under (defaults to 'mongodb')
default['mongodb']['group_id'] # Group ID for mongo group (defaults to 3500)

default['mongodb']['log_dir'] # Log folder (defaults to '/var/log/mongo')
default['mongodb']['data_dir'] # Data directory (defaults to '/var/lib/mongo_data')
default['mongodb']['journal_dir'] # Journal directory (defaults to '/var/lib/mongo_journal')

default['mongodb']['journal'] # Whether to turn journaling on (defaults to True)
default['mongodb']['journal_commit_interval'] # journalCommitInterval setting (defaults to 100)

default['mongodb']['syslog'] # Whether to send all log entries to syslog (defaults to True)
default['mongodb']['log_append'] # Just leave this on true (defaults to True)
default['mongodb']['log_cpu'] # Tell mongodb to periodically report CPU use in the logs (defaults to False)
default['mongodb']['log_verbose'] # Whether to enable verbose logging (defaults to False)
default['mongodb']['log_quiet'] # Reduce logging output (defaults to True)

# Authentication-related setting below only apply if "auth_enabled" is set to True
default['mongodb']['auth_enabled'] # Whether authentication is enabled (defaults to False)
default['mongodb']['auth_keyfile'] # Key file for replica set authentication - leave as default to have it generated
default['mongodb']['auth_keyfile_data'] # The payload for the key file above - MAKE SURE YOU CHANGE THIS! (if you use auth)
default['mongodb']['admin_user']['name'] # The username of the default admin user (defaults to "admin")
default['mongodb']['admin_user']['password'] # The password for the default admin user (default to "l1zKohO94Vf8") - again, CHANGE THIS!

default['mongodb']['http_enabled'] # Whether to enable the HTTP interface (defaults to False)
default['mongodb']['rest_enabled'] # Whether to enable the rest interface (defaults to False)
default['mongodb']['scripting_enabled'] # Whether to allow scripting (defaults to True)
default['mongodb']['tablescan_enabled'] # Whether to allow table scans (defaults to True)
default['mongodb']['prealloc_enabled'] # Set to false to disable file preallocation (defaults to True)

default['mongodb']['oplog'] # Oplog size in MB (defaults to 100)
default['mongodb']['small_files'] # Set to true to reduce the amount preallocated (defaults to False)
default['mongodb']['open_file_limit'] # The ulimit for open file descriptors set on the mongodb user (defaults to 64000)
default['mongodb']['set_tcp_keepalive_time'] # Whether to update the TCP keepalive time on the system (defaults to False)
default['mongodb']['tcp_keepalive_time'] # The new value for the TCP keepalive time (defaults to 300)

Gem settings

default['mongodb']['gem_version']['mongo'] # The version of the mongo gem to install (defaults to '1.10.0')
default['mongodb']['gem_version']['bson_ext'] # The version of the bson_ext gem to install (defaults to '1.10.0')


default['mongodb']['node_check']['retries'] # The number of times to retry health checks (defaults to 3)
default['mongodb']['node_check']['timeout'] # Number of seconds to wait before retrying (defaults to 10)

Instance configuration

These settings will be used by the mongod and replica_set recipes when configuring a new mongodb instance.

default['mongodb']['mongod']['port'] # The port to run the instance on (defaults to 27017)
default['mongodb']['mongod']['bind_ip'] # Comma-separated list of IPs to bind to - leave blank to bind to all (defauts to '')

# The attributes below are only used when setting up replica sets
default['mongodb']['mongod']['replica_set'] # The replica set to join (defaults to 'my_set')
default['mongodb']['mongod']['arbiter_only'] # defaults to False
default['mongodb']['mongod']['build_indexes'] # defaults to True
default['mongodb']['mongod']['hidden'] # defaults to False
default['mongodb']['mongod']['priority'] # defaults to 1.0
default['mongodb']['mongod']['tags'] # defaults to {}
default['mongodb']['mongod']['slave_delay'] # defaults to 0
default['mongodb']['mongod']['votes'] # defaults to 1

# Use the value of this property when setting the address for a given replica set node
#    leave blank to use 'bind_ip' - can't both be blank!
default['mongodb']['node_address_attribute'] # defaults to 'fqdn'



Sets up a mongod instance with the given parameters on the local host. It waits for the node to come online, and performs a basic health check on it before handing control back. Internally it uses the hipsnip_mongodb_check_node provider (see below) to verify that the node is up.


  • create (default)


The value passed to name will be used as a postfix to the service name, configuration file and data/journal directory of the new MongoDB instance. Using "default" as the instance name has special meaning, and will cause the provider to not use a postfix. See below for examples.

  • bind_ip : The IP address to bind to - leave empty to bind to all addresses (defaults to "")
  • port : The port to run the MongoDB service on (defaults to 27017)
  • replica_set : The name of the replica set this node will be a part of - leave blank to configure without a replica set (defaults to "")

NOTE: Setting the replica_set attribute alone will not trigger replica set creation. You need to use the hipsnip_mongodb_replica_set provider to do that.


To set up a new MongoDB service called mongod, running on port 27018, with the config file /etc/mongodb/mongd.conf and data stored under /var/lib/mongo_data/mongod:

hipsnip_mongodb_mongod "default" do
    port 27018

To set up a new MongoDB service called mongod-primary, running on port 27019, with the config file /etc/mongodb/mongod-primary.conf and data stored under /var/lib/mongo_data/mongod-primary:

hipsnip_mongodb_mongod "primary" do
    port 27019
    replica_set "my_set"

It will also fill in the replSet configuration directive, but will not initialize the replica set.


Used to check if a given node is up. If it can't connect, or if the health check fails, it waits a few seconds and retries. The time spent waiting can be adjusted via node['mongodb']['node_check']['timeout'], while the maximum number of retires can be set in node['mongodb']['node_check']['retries']. The actual wait time increases exponentially, calculated by retries * timeout.

NOTE: On the first starup, MongoDB can spend quite some time pre-allocating data and journal files. Depending on the speed of your hardware, and the oplog size you specify, you may need to increase the timeout setting to avoid a failure during your initial chef run.


  • run (default)


  • node_ip (name attribute)
  • port (defaults to 27017)


To run a health check on the default node:

hipsnip_mongodb_check_node "" do
	port 27017 # you could actually omit the port in this case


Takes a list of member nodes, and then it either initializes or updates the given replica set (if it already exists). It also performs a health check after the replica set initialization or reconfiguration, to make sure all is well before handing control back. Failed health checks are reattempted - this can be controlled via node['mongodb']['node_check']['timeout'] and node['mongodb']['node_check']['retries'].


  • create (default)


  • replica_set : The name of the replica set (name attribute)
  • members : The list of member nodes

The member nodes are represented as hashes, and have the following fields:

  • id (required) : The unique id of the member, between 0 and 255. Should not change between reconfigurations!
  • host (required) : The address where the node can be reached in the host:port format.
  • arbiter_only
  • build_indexes
  • hidden
  • priority
  • tags
  • slave_delay
  • votes

The last few are direct references to replica set node configuration directives - please refer to the MongoDB documentation for details.

### Examples

To set up a replica set with a couple of nodes:

hipsnip_mongodb_replica_set "my_set" do
    members [
            'id' => 0,
            'host' => ''
            'id' => 1,
            'host' => ''


Used to create a new user for a given database, to be used when authentication support is enabled on the server (off by default). This resource provider is used internally to create a default "admin" user when auth support is enabled, but can also be used from other cookbooks to create users for your applications to connect.

If the details for a given user change, sub-sequent runs of Chef Client will update both the list of roles, and the assigned password accordingly.


  • create (default)


  • username (name attribute)
  • password (required)
  • roles (required): The list of roles to apply - refer to MongoDB documentation here
  • database (defaults to "admin")
  • node_ip (default to "")
  • port (defaults to 27017)


This is pretty much the command we run internally to create the default admin user:

hipsnip_mongodb_user "admin" do
  password "supersecretpassword"
  roles [ "readWriteAnyDatabase", "userAdminAnyDatabase", "dbAdminAnyDatabase", "clusterAdmin" ]
  database "admin"


Please refer to the Readme here

License and Author

Author:: Adam Borocz (on GitHub)

Copyright:: 2013, HipSnip Ltd.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.


Chef cookbook for setting up a MongoDB instance or replica set




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