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i18next-ios

Build Status Coverage Status CocoaPods License Platform

i18next-ios is a native iOS port of i18next.

Why?

In order to use the same translated strings for the Web, Android and iOS, we decided to use the i18next features and data formats.

This library is our implementation for iOS. We've been using it in production for a few years.

Features

  • Support for variables
  • Support for nesting
  • Support for context
  • Support for multiple plural forms
  • Gettext support
  • Sprintf supported
  • Detect language
  • Graceful translation lookup
  • Get string or object tree
  • Get resourcefiles from server
  • Resource caching
  • Post missing resources to server
  • Highly configurable
  • Custom post processing
  • Comprehensive unit test coverage

Requirements

  • iOS 7.0+
  • Xcode 6.4

Communication

  • If you found a bug, open an issue.
  • If you have a feature request, open an issue.
  • If you want to contribute, submit a pull request.

Installation with CocoaPods

platform :ios, '7.0'
pod 'i18next'

Usage

Initialization

Instance

Create a new instance:

I18Next *i18n = [[I18Next alloc] init];

or get a shared instance:

I18Next *i18n = [I18Next sharedInstance];

If you use the shared instance you can use the handy I18NEXT helper macro for getting translated values.

Resource Loading

Basic options

Set language
I18NextOptions* options = [I18NextOptions new];
options.lang = @"en-US";

Resources will be resolved in this order:

  1. try languageCode plus countryCode, eg. 'en-US'
  2. alternative look it up in languageCode only, eg. 'en'
  3. finally look it up in defined fallback language, default: 'dev'
Additional namespaces
I18NextOptions* options = [I18NextOptions new];
options.namespace = @"myNamespace";
// or multiple
options.namespaces = @[ @"myNamespace1", @"myNamespace2" ];

The additional namespace(s) will be loaded.

Specify the default namespace with options.defaultNamespace = @"myNamespace".

Unset/Set fallback language
I18NextOptions* options = [I18NextOptions new];
options.fallbackLang = @"en";

If not set it will default to 'dev'. If turned on, all missing key/values will be sent to this language.

Production Hint: set fallback language to some meaningful language, eg. 'en'

TURN FALLBACK LANGUAGE FEATURE OFF
options.fallbackLang = nil;

As the fallbackLang will default to 'dev' you can turn it off by setting the option value to nil. This will prevent loading the fallbacks resource file and any futher look up of missing value inside a fallback file.

Unset/Set fallback namespace(s)
WITH DEFAULT NAMESPACE
// given resourcesfile namespace1.en.json (default ns)
{ 
   key1: 'value of key 1' 
}
 
// given additional resourcesfile namespace2.en.json
{ 
  keys: { 
    2: 'value of key 2',
    3: 'value of key 3'
  }
}
options.fallbackToDefaultNamespace = YES;
...
I18NEXT(@"namespace2:key1"); // -> value of key 1
WITH ONE OR MORE NAMESPACE(S)
// given resourcesfile namespace1.en.json
{ 
   key1: 'value of key 1 - ns1' 
}
 
// given resourcesfile namespace2.en.json
{ 
   key1: 'value of key 1 - ns2' 
   key2: 'value of key 2 - ns2' 
}
 
// given resourcesfile namespace3.en.json
{ 
  keys: { 
    2: 'value of key 2',
    3: 'value of key 3'
  }
}
options.fallbackNamespace = @"namespace2";
...
I18NEXT("namespace3:key1"); // -> value of key 1 - ns2
// array
options.fallbackNamespaces = @[ @"namespace1", @"namespace2" ]; // order matters
...
I18NEXT("namespace3:key1"); // -> value of key 1 - ns1
I18NEXT("namespace3:key2"); // -> value of key 2 - ns2

If a resource can't be found in namespace it will be looked up in default namespace. By default this option is turned off.

Specify which locales to load
ONLY LOAD CURRENT RESOURCE FILE
I18NextOptions* options = [I18NextOptions new];
options.langLoadType = I18NextLangLoadTypeCurrent;

If langLoadType option is set to current i18next will load the current set language (this could be a specific (en-US) or unspecific (en) resource file).

Hint: to prevent loading the fallbackLang's resource file set fallbackLang to nil.

ONLY LOAD UNSPECIFIC RESOURCE FILE
I18NextOptions* options = [I18NextOptions new];
options.langLoadType = I18NextLangLoadTypeUnspecific;

If set to unspecific i18next will always load the unspecific resource file (eg. en instead of en-US).

Hint: to prevent loading the fallbackLang's resource file set fallbackLang to nil.

Handling of null values
// given resourcesfile namespace1.dev.json (fallback lang)
{ 
   key1: 'fallback' 
}
// given resourcesfile namespace1.en.json
{ 
   key1: null 
}
options.fallbackOnNull = YES;
...
I18NEXT("key1"); // -> 'fallback'

options.fallbackOnNull = NO;
...
I18NEXT("key1"); // -> ''

Default is YES.

Handling of empty string values
// given resourcesfile namespace1.dev.json (fallback lang)
{ 
   key1: 'fallback' 
}
// given resourcesfile namespace1.en.json
{ 
   key1: '' 
}

This feature is not implemented in the iOS library

Options to load resources

Pass in resource store
I18NextOptions* options = [I18NextOptions new];

// tree: lng -> namespace -> key -> nested key
options.resourcesStore = @{
  @"dev": @{ @"translation": @{ @"key": @"value" } },
  @"en": @{ @"translation": @{ @"key": @"value" } },
  @"en-US": @{ @"translation": @{ @"key": @"value" } },
};

[i18n loadWithOptions:[options asDictionary] completion:^(NSError *error) {
    // new resources are successfully loaded if error == nil
}];

As you provide the resources, the completion block will fire immediatly and no external resources will be loaded!

Set static route to load resources from
I18NextOptions* options = [I18NextOptions new];

options.resourcesBaseURL = [NSURL URLWithString:@"http://example.com"];
options.resourcesGetPathTemplate = @"locales/__lng__/__ns__.json";

[i18n loadWithOptions:[options asDictionary] completion:^(NSError *error) {
    // new resources are successfully loaded if error == nil
}];

Will load 'http://example.com/locales/en-US/translation.json'.

If language is set to 'en-US' following resource files will be loaded one-by-one:

  • en-US
  • en
  • dev (default fallback language)

Hints:

  • to keep the fetched resources in the local cache, set option updateLocalCache = YES
  • to lowercase countryCode in requests, eg. to 'en-us', set option lowercaseLang = YES
Load resource dynamically generated on server
I18NextOptions* options = [I18NextOptions new];

options.resourcesBaseURL = [NSURL URLWithString:@"http://example.com"];
options.resourcesGetPathTemplate = @"resources.json?lng=__lng__&ns=__ns__";
options.dynamicLoad = YES;

[i18n loadWithOptions:[options asDictionary] completion:^(NSError *error) {
    // new resources are successfully loaded if error == nil
}];

Will request 'http://example.com/resources.json?lng=en-US+en+dev&ns=translation'.

If language is set to 'en-US' following resources will be loaded in one request:

  • en-US
  • en
  • dev (default fallback language)

Hint: to keep the fetched resources in the local cache, set option updateLocalCache = YES

Load resource from language bundles (lproj directory)
I18NextOptions* options = [I18NextOptions new];

options.loadFromLanguageBundles = YES;

[i18n loadWithOptions:[options asDictionary] completion:^(NSError *error) {
    // new resources are successfully loaded if error == nil
}];

Will load resources from the app bundle lproj folders: en.lproj/i18next.json

This can be combined with the loadFromLocalCache option. In that case the local cache will be loaded first and the language bundles will only be used if the cache is empty.

Hint: to use another filename, eg. 'myFile' set option filenameInLanguageBundles = @"myFile"

Load resource from the local cache
I18NextOptions* options = [I18NextOptions new];

options.loadFromLocalCache = YES;

[i18n loadWithOptions:[options asDictionary] completion:^(NSError *error) {
    // new resources are successfully loaded if error == nil
}];

Will load resources from the local cache.

The local cache is updated whenever you load new resource from a remote server while updateLocalCache = YES is set.

Hint: to use a custom cache path, set the localCachePath option.

Synchronous local load
I18NextOptions* options = [I18NextOptions new];

options.loadFromLanguageBundles = YES;
options.loadFromLocalCache = YES;
options.synchronousLocalLoad = YES;

[i18n loadWithOptions:[options asDictionary] completion:^(NSError *error) {
    // new resources are successfully loaded if error == nil
}];

I18NEXT("key"); // -> "value"

Will load local resources synchronously (only for language bundles or the local cache). This is useful at app initialization so the next call to translate a key can succeed (if it exists in the language bundle or local cache).

Translation features

Not all features of the javascript implementation of i18next are currently supported. Here is the list from the i18next website and how to use them with this library.

Accessing resources

With default namespace
// given resourcefile translation.en.json
{
  key1: 'value of key 1'
}
I18NEXT(@"key1"); // -> value of key 1
With namespace set
// given resourcesfile namespace1.en.json (default ns)
{
   key1: 'value of key 1'
}

// given additional resourcesfile namespace2.en.json
{
  keys: {
    2: 'value of key 2',
    3: 'value of key 3'
  }
}
I18NEXT(@"key1"); // -> value of key 1
I18NEXT(@"namespace1.key1"); // -> value of key 1
I18NEXT(@"keys.2"); // -> missing key
I18NEXT(@"namespace2:keys.2"); // -> value of key 2
I18NEXT(@"namespace2:keys.3"); // -> value of key 3
Using multiple keys (first found will be translated)
// given resourcefile translation.en.json
{
  key1: 'value of key 1'
}
I18NEXT(@[ @"notExists", @"key1" ]); // -> value of key 1

Multiline in json

// given resources in arabic
{
  'en-US': {
    translation: {
      key: [
        "line1",
        "line2",
        "line3"
      ]
    }
  }
};

The translation will be joined with '\n'.

Arrays in json

// given resources in arabic
{
  'en-US': {
    translation: {
      people: [
        { name: "tom" },
        { name: "steve" }
      ]
    }
  }
};

This feature is not implemented in the iOS library

Providing a default value

// given resources
{
  'en-US': { translation: { // key not found } }
};

To get a default value if not found:

I18NEXT(@"key" defaultValue:@"my text"); // -> my text

Nested resources

// given resources
{
  dev: { translation: { nesting1: '1 $t(nesting2)' } },
  en: { translation: { nesting2: '2 $t(nesting3)' } },
  'en-US': { translation: {  nesting3: '3' } }
};
I18NEXT(@"nesting1"); // -> 1 2 3

Nested resources with option replace

// given resources
{
  en: { translation: {
    girlsAndBoys: '$t(girls, {"count": __girls__}) and __count__ boy',
    girlsAndBoys_plural: '$t(girls, {"count": __girls__}) and __count__ boys' },
    girls: '__count__ girl',
    girls_plural: '__count__ girls' } }
};
I18NEXT(@"girlsAndBoys" count:2 variables:@{ @"girls": @"3"}); // -> 3 girls and 2 boys

Replacing variables

// given resources
{
  'en-US': { translation: {  key: '__myVar__ are important' } }
};
I18NEXT(@"key" variables:@{ @"myVar": @"variables"}); // -> variables are important

Sprintf support

// given resources
{
  'en-US': { translation: {
    key1: 'The first 4 letters of the english alphabet are: %s, %s, %s and %s'
  }}
};
[[I18Next sharedInstance] tf:@"key1", "a", "b", "c", "d"];

Simple plural

// given resources
{
  'en-US': {
    translation: {
      key: '__count__ child',
      key_plural: '__count__ children'
    }
  }
};
I18NEXT(@"key" count:0); // -> 0 children
I18NEXT(@"key" count:1); // -> 1 child
I18NEXT(@"key" count:5); // -> 5 children

Indefinite plural

// given resources
{
  'en-US': {
    translation: {
      key: '__count__  child',
      key_plural: '__count__  children',
      key_indefinite: 'a child',
      key_plural_indefinite: 'some children'
    }
  }
};

This feature is not implemented in the iOS library

Multiple plural forms

// given resources in arabic
{
  'ar': {
    translation: {
      key: 'singular',
      key_plural_0: 'zero',
      key_plural_2: 'two',
      key_plural_3: 'few',
      key_plural_11: 'many',
      key_plural_100: 'plural'
    }
  }
};
I18NEXT(@"key" count:   0); // -> zero
I18NEXT(@"key" count:   1); // -> singular
I18NEXT(@"key" count:   2); // -> two
I18NEXT(@"key" count:   3); // -> few
I18NEXT(@"key" count:   4); // -> few
I18NEXT(@"key" count: 104); // -> few
I18NEXT(@"key" count:  11); // -> many
I18NEXT(@"key" count:  99); // -> many
I18NEXT(@"key" count: 199); // -> many
I18NEXT(@"key" count: 100); // -> plural

What did you expect ;).

Hint: i18next provides the functionality for all languages.

Use translation contexts

// given resources
{
  'en-US': {
    translation: {
      friend: 'A friend',
      friend_male: 'A boyfriend',
      friend_female: 'A girlfriend'
    }
  }
};
I18NEXT(@"friend" count:0); // -> A friend
I18NEXT(@"friend" context:@"male"); // -> A boyfriend
I18NEXT(@"friend" context:@"female"); // -> A girlfriend

Credits

i18next and all its contributors.

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i18next internationalization library for iOS

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