A boilerplate for AdonisJS web framework
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Live Demo: http://adonisjs-hackathonstarter.herokuapp.com/

A boilerplate for AdonisJS 4.1 web applications.

If you have attended any hackathons in the past, then you know how much time it takes to get a project started: decide on what to build, pick a programming language, pick a web framework, pick a CSS framework. A while later, you might have an initial project up on GitHub and only then can other team members start contributing. Or how about doing something as simple as Sign in with Facebook authentication? You can spend hours on it if you are not familiar with how OAuth 2.0 works.

When I started this project using AdonisJs, my primary focus was on simplicity and ease of use and also integrate as many API as Possible. I also tried to make it as generic and reusable as possible to cover most use cases of hackathon web apps, without being too specific. In the worst case you can use this as a learning guide for your projects, if for example you are only interested in Sign in with Google authentication and nothing else.

AdonisJS Hackathon Starter is a boilerplate application developed with AdonisJS 4.0 (This Branch) to keep you ahead in hackathons.

AdonisJS is a free, open-source Node.js web framework, created by Aman Virk and intended for the development of web applications following the model–view–controller (MVC) architectural pattern

Home Example

Login Example

API Examples

Table of Contents

Features

  • Local Authentication using Email and Password
  • OAuth 1.0a Authentication via Twitter
  • OAuth 2.0 Authentication via Facebook, Google, GitHub, LinkedIn, Instagram, Foursquare, Bitbucket
  • Flash notifications
  • MVC Project Structure
  • Bootstrap 4
  • Contact Form (powered by Mailgun or Mandrill or Sendgrid)
  • Account Management
    • Gravatar
    • Profile Details
    • Change Password
    • Forgot Password
    • Reset Password
    • Delete Account
    • CSRF protection
    • Link to Social Accounts
    • API Examples: Facebook, Foursquare, Last.fm, Instagram, Tumblr, Twitter, Stripe, LinkedIn, Google Map, Github e.t.c.

Prerequisites

Note: If you are new to AdonisJS, I recommend to watch Getting Started With AdonisJs screencast by tutlage that teaches AdonisJS 3.2 from scratch. Alternatively, here is another great tutorial for building a project management app for beginners/intermediate developers by Ayeni Olusegun - Build A Contact Management web Application with AdonisJS Framework . Since this branch is written with AdonisJS v4.1, Please follow Upgrade Note and follow Upgrade Note for v4.0

Getting Started

Via Cloning The Repository:

# if you don't have nodemon
npm install -g nodemon

# if you don't have AdonisJS CLI
npm i -g @adonisjs/cli

# To make use of this blueprint
adonis new starter --blueprint=iamraphson/adonisjs-hackathon-starter

# Change directory
cd starter

# Run your migrations
adonis migration:run

adonis serve --dev

Obtaining API Keys

To use any of the included APIs or OAuth authentication methods, you will need to obtain appropriate credentials: Client ID, Client Secret, API Key, or Username & Password. You will need to go through each provider to generate new credentials.

  • Visit Google Cloud Console
  • Click on the Create Project button
  • Enter Project Name, then click on Create button
  • Then click on APIs & auth in the sidebar and select API tab
  • Click on Google+ API under Social APIs, then click Enable API
  • Next, under APIs & auth in the sidebar click on Credentials tab
  • Click on Create new Client ID button
  • Select Web Application and click on Configure Consent Screen
  • Fill out the required fields then click on Save
  • In the Create Client ID modal dialog:
  • Application Type: Web Application
  • Authorized Javascript origins: http://localhost:3333
  • Authorized redirect URI: http://localhost:3333/auth/google/callback
  • Click on Create Client ID button
  • Copy and paste Client ID and Client secret keys into .env

  • Visit Facebook Developers
  • Click My Apps, then select *Add a New App from the dropdown menu
  • Select Website platform and enter a new name for your app
  • Click on the Create New Facebook App ID button
  • Choose a Category that best describes your app
  • Click on Create App ID button
  • In the upper right corner click on Skip Quick Star
  • Copy and paste App ID and App Secret keys into .env
  • Note: App ID is clientID, App Secret is clientSecret
  • Click on the Settings tab in the left nav, then click on + Add Platform
  • Select Website
  • Enter http://localhost:3333 under Site URL

Note: After a successful sign in with Facebook, a user will be redirected back to home page with appended hash #_=_ in the URL. It is not a bug. See this Stack Overflow discussion for ways to handle it.


  • Go to Account Settings
  • Select Applications from the sidebar
  • Then inside Developer applications click on Register new application
  • Enter Application Name and Homepage URL
  • For Authorization Callback URL: http://localhost:3333/auth/github/callback
  • Click Register application
  • Now copy and paste Client ID and Client Secret keys into .env file

  • Sign in at https://apps.twitter.com/
  • Click Create a new application
  • Enter your application name, website and description
  • For Callback URL: http://127.0.0.1:3333/auth/twitter/callback
  • Go to Settings tab
  • Under Application Type select Read and Write access
  • Check the box Allow this application to be used to Sign in with Twitter
  • Click Update this Twitter's applications settings
  • Copy and paste Consumer Key and Consumer Secret keys into .env file

  • Sign in at LinkedIn Developer Network
  • From the account name dropdown menu select API Keys
  • It may ask you to sign in once again
  • Click + Add New Application button
  • Fill out all the required fields
  • OAuth 2.0 Redirect URLs: http://localhost:3333/auth/linkedin/callback
  • JavaScript API Domains: http://localhost:3333
  • For Default Application Permissions make sure at least the following is checked: r_basicprofile
  • Finish by clicking Add Application button
  • Copy and paste API Key and Secret Key keys into .env file
  • API Key is your clientID
  • Secret Key is your clientSecret

  • Visit the Account section of your Venmo profile after logging in
  • Click on the Developers tab
  • Then click on the new link next to Your Applications (0)
  • Fill in the required fields: App Name and What Will The App Be Used For?
  • For Web Redirect URL enter: http://localhost:3333/auth/venmo/callback
  • Hit Create button
  • Back on the Developers tab click on view link next to Your Applications (1) new
  • Copy and paste ID and Secret keys into .env file

  • Sign up or log into your dashboard
  • Click on your profile and click on Account Settings
  • Then click on API Keys
  • Copy the Secret Key. and add this into .env file

  • Visit PayPal Developer
  • Log in to your PayPal account
  • Click Applications > Create App in the navigation bar
  • Enter Application Name, then click Create app
  • Copy and paste Client ID and Secret keys into .env file
  • App ID is client_id, App Secret is client_secret
  • Change host to api.paypal.com if you want to test against production and use the live credentials



  • Go to https://sendgrid.com/user/signup
  • Sign up and confirm your account via the activation email
  • Then enter your SendGrid Username and Password into .env file

  • Go to http://www.mailgun.com
  • Sign up and add your Domain Name
  • From the domain overview, copy and paste the default SMTP Login and Password into .env file

  • Go to https://www.twilio.com/try-twilio
  • Sign up for an account.
  • Once logged into the dashboard, expand the link 'show api credentials'
  • Copy your Account Sid and Auth Token

Project Structure

Name Description
app/Models/User.js Mysql/Postgresql schema and model for User.
app/Models/UserProfile.js Mysql/Postgresql schema and model for User Profile.
app/Controllers/Http/AccountController.js Controller for Account management
app/Controllers/Http/ClockworkController.js Controller for Clockwork API functionality
app/Controllers/Http/FacebookController.js Controller for Facebook API functionality
app/Controllers/Http/ContactController.js Controller for Contact page
app/Controllers/Http/FoursquareController.js Controller for Foursquare API functionality
app/Controllers/Https/GithubController1.js Controller for Github API functionality
app/Controllers/Http/GoogleMapsController.js Controller for Google Maps API functionality
app/Controllers/Http/HomeController.js Controller for Home Page
app/Controllers/Http/InstagramController.js Controller for Instagram API functionality
app/Controllers/Http/LastFmController.js Controller for LastFM API functionality
app/Controllers/Http/LinkedinController.js Controller for Linkedin API functionality
app/Controllers/Http/LobController.js Controller for Lob API functionality
app/Controllers/Http/NewYorkTimesController.js Controller for New York Times API functionality
app/Controllers/Http/PayPal.js Controller for Paypal API functionality
app/Controllers/Http/ScarpingController.js Controller for Web Scraping API functionality
app/Controllers/Http/SlackController.js Controller for Slack API functionality
app/Controllers/Http/StripeController.js Controller for Stripe API functionality
app/Controllers/Http/TumbirController.js Controller for Tumblr API functionality
app/Controllers/Http/TwitterController.js Controller for Twitter API functionality
app/Controllers/Http/UploadController.js Controller for Upload functionality
app/Controllers/Http/YahooController.js Controller for Yahoo functionality
app/Controllers/Http/Auth/AuthController.js Controller for login and signup functionality
app/Controllers/Http/Auth/PasswordController.js Controller for password reset functionality
public/ Static assets (fonts, css, js, img).
Config/ configurations for your application.
database/ All database related files like migration and seed files.
public/style.css Main stylesheet for your app.
resources/views/account/ Template for account.
resources/views/auth/ Templates for login, password reset, signup, profile.
resources/views/api/ Templates for API Examples.
resources/views/contact/ Template for Contact
resources/views/mail/ Templates for Mail
resources/views/layout/alerts.edge Template for error, info and success flash notifications.
resources/views/layout/master.edge Base template.
resources/views/welcome.edge Home page template.
resources/views/api.edge API dashboard template.
.env.example Your API keys, tokens, passwords and database URI.
server.js The main application file.
package.json NPM dependencies.
package-lock.lock Contains exact versions of NPM dependencies in package.json.
ace File for enabling commands to run

List of Packages

Package Description
adonis-ally AdonisJs social authentication provider
@slack/client Slack Package
async Utility library that provides asynchronous control flow.
bcrypt-nodejs Library for hashing and salting user passwords.
cheerio Scrape web pages using jQuery-style syntax.
clockwork Clockwork SMS API library.
mysql MySql ODM
pg Postgresql ODM
dotenv Loads environment variables from .env file.
@adonisjs/framework Node.js web framework.
cloudinary Upload images/videos to Cloudinary
serve-favicon Express 4 middleware offering favicon serving and caching.
fbgraph Facebook Graph API library.
@octokit/rest GitHub API library.
lastfm Last.fm API library.
instagram-node Instagram API library.
lob Lob API library
node-foursquare Foursquare API library.
node-linkedin LinkedIn API library.
Instagram Instagram API library.
Moment Date / Time Library.
nodemailer Node.js library for sending emails.
paypal-rest-sdk PayPal APIs library.
request Simplified HTTP request library.
stripe Offical Stripe API library.
tumblr.js Tumblr API library.
twilio Twilio API library.
twit Twitter API library.
lodash Handy JavaScript utlities library.
@adonisjs/validator Validate form in adonisJS
@adonisjs/auth Authentication provider in AdonisJS
@adonisjs/lucid ORM provider in AdonisJS
@adonisjs/mail Mail provider in AdonisJS
@adonisjs/session Session provider in AdonisJS
mocha Test framework.
standard JavaScript Standard Style

Useful Tools and Resources

Recommended Design Resources

Recommended Node.js Libraries

  • Nodemon - Automatically restart Node.js server on code changes.
  • geoip-lite - Geolocation coordinates from IP address.
  • Filesize.js - Pretty file sizes, e.g. filesize(265318); // "265.32 kB".
  • Numeral.js - Library for formatting and manipulating numbers.
  • Node Inspector - Node.js debugger based on Chrome Developer Tools.
  • node-taglib - Library for reading the meta-data of several popular audio formats.
  • sharp - Node.js module for resizing JPEG, PNG, WebP and TIFF images.

FAQ

Why do I get csrf token mismatch when submitting a form?

You need to add the following code to your form. This has been added in the existing codebase as part of the CSRF protection.

{{ csrfField() }}

I get a whoops error when I deploy my app, why?

Chances are you haven't generated the app key, so run adonis key:generate. Chances are you haven't put your credentials in your .env file.

How It Works (mini guides)

This section is intended for giving you a detailed explanation about how a particular functionality works. Maybe you are just curious about how it works, or maybe you are lost and confused while reading the code, I hope it provides some guidance to you.


How do flash messages work in this project?

Flash messages allow you to display a message at the end of the request and access it on next request and only next request. For instance, on a failed login attempt, you would display an alert with some error message, but as soon as you refresh that page or visit a different page and come back to the login page, that error message will be gone. It is only displayed once. All flash messages are available in your views via adonisJS sessions. To send a flash message to the view, you need to add the following code

session.flash{error: "Eroor due to 1.2.3 .."})

To display the flash message,you need to add the following code.

@if(old('error'))
    <div class="alert alert-danger">
        {{ old('error') }}
    </div>
@endif

How do I create a new page?

A more correct way to be to say "How do I create a new route". The main file routes.js contains all the routes. It's located in the start directory Each route has a callback function associated with it. You will see 2 arguments to routes. In cases like that, the first argument is still a URL string, while the second argument is a callback function. Example is a route that requires authentication.

const Route = use('Route')
Route::get('/account', 'AccountController.getAccount').middleware('auth')

It always goes from left to right. A user visits /account page. Then auth middleware checks if you are authenticated:

Here is a typical workflow for adding new routes to your application. Let's say we are building a page that lists all books from database.

Step 1. Start by defining a route.

const Route = use('Route')
Route::get('/books', 'BookController.getBooks');

Step 2. Create a new model Book.js inside the app/Models directory. You can simply run adonis make:model Book

'use strict'

const Model = use('Model')

class Book extends Model {
  
}

module.exports = Book

Step 3. Create a migration file like so: adonis make:migration create_books_table and it will ask you choose an action select Create table

'use strict'

const Schema = use('Schema')

class CreateBooksTableTableSchema extends Schema {

  up () {
    this.table('books', (table) => {
    	table.increments()
        table.string('name').nullable()
        table.string('isbn').nullable()
        table.timestamps()
    });
  }

  down () {
    this.drop('books');
  }
}

module.exports = CreateBooksTableTableSchema

Step 4. Create a new controller file called BookController.js inside the app/Controllers/Http directory. You can simply run adonis make:controller BookController and it will ask you Generating a controller for ? select Http Request

'use strict'

const Book = use('App/Models/Book')

class BookController {

    /**
     * Return all books
     * @return View
     */
  async getBooks({view}) {
    let books = await Book.all();

    return view.render('books', { books: books.toJSON() })
  }
  
}

module.exports = BookController

Step 5. Create books.edge template in resources/views directory

@layout('layout.master')

@section('content')
    @include('layout.nav')
    <div class="main-container">
        @include('layout.alerts')

        <div class="page-header">
            <h2><i style="color: #f00" class="fa fa-book"></i>All Books</h2>
        </div>

        <ul>
        @each(book in books)
            <li> {{ book.name }} </li>
        @endeach
        </div>
    </div>
@endsection

That's it!


Deployment

Once you are ready to deploy your app, you will need to create an account with a cloud platform to host it. These are not the only choices, but they are my top picks. From my experience, Heroku is the easiest to get started with, deployments and custom domain support on free accounts.

1-Step Deployment with Heroku

  • Download and install Heroku Toolbelt
  • In terminal, run heroku login and enter your Heroku credentials
  • From your app directory run heroku create
  • Create a Procfile in your app root. All this file needs to contain is web: ENV_SILENT=true node server.js
  • Run heroku addons:add heroku-postgresql:dev to add a Postgres database to your heroku app from your terminal
  • Since AdonisJS v4 uses Node version 8 or greater and NPM version 3 or greater, we need to state which Node and NPM engine in package.JSON by adding this to the JSON
 "engines": {
    "node": "8.1.x",
    "npm": "5.4.X"
  }
  • Lastly, do git push heroku master. Done!
  • Run artisan commands on heroku like so heroku run node ace migration:run

Note: To install Heroku add-ons your account must be verified.


  • First, install this Ruby gem: sudo gem install rhc 💎
  • Run rhc login and enter your OpenShift credentials
  • From your app directory run rhc app create MyApp nodejs-0.10
  • Note: MyApp is the name of your app (no spaces)
  • Once that is done, you will be provided with URL, SSH and Git Remote links
  • Visit provided URL and you should see the Welcome to your Node.js application on OpenShift page
  • Copy and and paste Git Remote into git remote add openshift YOUR_GIT_REMOTE
  • Before you push your app, you need to do a few modifications to your code

go to htpp.js in bootstrap directory,

Then change Server.listen(Env.get('HOST'), Env.get('PORT')) to:

Server.listen(Env.get('OPENSHIFT_NODEJS_IP') || '127.0.0.1', Env.get('OPENSHIFT_NODEJS_PORT') || 3333)

Add this to package.json, after name and version. This is necessary because, by default, OpenShift looks for server.js file. And by specifying ENV_SILENT=true supervisor server.js it will automatically restart the server when node.js process crashes.

"main": "server.js",
"scripts": {
  "start": "ENV_SILENT=true supervisor server.js"
},
  • Finally, you can now push your code to OpenShift by running git push -f openshift master
  • Note: The first time you run this command, you have to pass -f (force) flag because OpenShift creates a dummy server with the welcome page when you create a new Node.js app. Passing -f flag will override everything with your Hackathon Starter project repository. Do not run git pull as it will create unnecessary merge conflicts.
  • And you are done!

Contributing

Thank you for considering contributing to AdonisJS Hackathon Starter.

Security Vulnerabilities

If you discover a security vulnerability within Hackathon Starter, please send an e-mail to Ayeni Olusegun at nsegun5@gmail.com. All security vulnerabilities will be promptly addressed.

Credits

How can I thank you?

Why not star the github repo? I'd love the attention! Why not share the link for this repository on Twitter or HackerNews? Spread the word!

Don't forget to follow me on twitter!

Thanks! Ayeni Olusegun.

License

The MIT License (MIT). Please see License File for more information.