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Zabbix Database monitoring plugin started as a copy from zbxora-1.98

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Written in python, tested with python 3.6 Ready for python 3.9.2 since python 3.6 hits EOL in 2021-12 Using drivers available for python purpose is monitoring any database in an efficient way. Using zabbix_sender to upload data from crontab By popular demand: password fields are encrypted to password_enc fields during startup when a password value is detected. Not a simple hash but with strong key, complete with key rotation, if a key has been generated using "bin/ -c one_of_your.cfg -g". This will generate a key and place in in the keys directory for use of all your cfg's that are in the same directory.

When zbxdb detects changes in it's components ( itself, db connection and exception modules, configfile and in the keysdir) auto restarts to activate the changes. If the used checks files are changed, they are automatically reloaded. Normally this happens within 1 minute. When detects the removal of it's configfile, stops running and because zbxdb_starter does no longer see the file, it will not be restarted.

Tested with

  • Oracle 10, 11, 12, 18, 19 RAC and single instance databases(probably also running on older versions)
  • Oracle asm, apx instances
  • Oracle plugin/multitenant databases
  • Oracle primary and standby databases
  • SAPhana 2
  • SQL Server 2008(10), 2012(11), 2016(13)
  • cockroachDB 2
  • db2 10,11
  • mysql 5, 8
  • postgres 9, 10, 11, 12

Help needed with the SAPhana integration.

zbxdb is very cluster aware and will monitor the full cluster using a single connection to a single instance and monitor all databases served by that instance.

Create a separate host for every Oracle database in zabbix(not for every instance of a RAC). Create a separate host for every mssql instance in zabbix(not for every datbase served by that instance). Make sure that your hostname in the zbxdb.XXX.cfg is listed exactly like in the zabbix GUI (case sensitive)

getting started

trouble shooting


encryption of passwords

Adding more db support

Very simple: give the dbtype a name and select a driver name for it. Ad the {dbtype}.py to the dbconnections / module that should handle the database connection. Add the {driver}.py to the drivererrors / module that should handle exceptions and give a uniform format to Add the {dbtype} / directory to the etc/zbxdb_checks / directory and write the sql tests files for it. Currently Oracle has the most complete set. The idea is that the script detects which role the database has(primary/slave/standby) and loads the {role}.{mainversion}.cfg file where the sqls are written.

The sql's should return key/value pairs. In the template everything is written from an Oracle starters point and similar queries are defined for mssql and postgres, both using the same template, item prototypes and triggers.

Did you create and test/use a new set of queries for a version or for a database not yet listed, please, feel free to share them, to make the supported list bigger. The fact that I did not list them here does not mean it can't be done. It just means that I have no access to them(and also no immediate need) but I would be happy to add.

usage - c configfile resulting in log to stdout and datafile in specified out_dir/{configfile}.zbx

  • bin/
  • bin/zbxdb_sender
  • bin/
  • bin/zbxdb_starter

contributions / pull requests are VERY welcome

please, make sure that if you contribute, that you don't add queries that require an extra license, like Oracle diagnostics or tuning packs. Also, add the additions to all versions possible so the checks are a bit consistent over the releases (if possible)

database config files examples

It is important to note that the hostname parameter in the configuration files reflects the hostname that is created in zabbix (case sensitive). The idea is that every configuration points to it's own and unique hostname so you have as much different hostnames in zabbix as zbxdb.*.cfg files. Attach the zbxdb template to the host[s] and all should work. In this setup, a host is a database configuration and not a machine that hosts a database.

default checks files

They consist of sections. Every section has a parameter minutes that specifies after how many minutes the queries will have to be run again.

section with 'discover' in their name have a special meaning, the return json arrays to zabbix for the low level discovery. The other sections just contain queries returning key/value pairs.

Do you find a version of a database that is not -yet - in the list, start with a copy of the highest previous version and include the version number in the name as above. The checks really are nothing more that queries that return key/value pairs to be sent to zabbix. You need to be sure that

  • your db_driver is listed in bin/drivererrors/
  • your db_type is listed in bin/dbconnections/
  • your db_type is listed as directory in checks_dir/
  • your db_type has a checks file for your version db in checks_dir/primary.{version}.cfg

drivererrors and dbconnections are loaded dynamically, based on the db_driver and db_type parameters.

site checks files - examples

working of

Assuming bin / is in PATH: When using this configfile( - c etc/zbxdb.odb.cfg) will read the configfile and try to connect to the database using db_url If all parameters are correct zbxdb will keep looping forever. Using the site_checks as shown, zbxdb tries to find them in `checks_dir/db_type/sap.cfg and in checks_dir/db_type/ebs.cfg(just specify a comma separated list for this if you have multiple files) Outputfile containing the metrics is created in out_dir/zbxdb.odb.zbx

After having connected to the specified service, zbxdb finds out the instance_type and version, after which the database_role is determined, if applicable. Using these parameters the correct checks_dir/db_type/{role}.{version}.cfg file is chosen. For a regular database this translates to 'primary.{version}.cfg'

After having read the checks_files, a lld array containing the queries is written before monitoring starts. When monitoring starts, first the * discovery * section is executed. This is to discover the instances, tablespaces, diskgroups, or whatever you want to monitor.

zbxdb also keeps track of the used queries. zbxdb executes queries and expects them to return a valid zabbix_key and values. The zabbix_key that the queries return should be known in zabbix in your zabbix_host(or be discovered by a preceding lld query in a * discover * section)

If a database goes down, zbxdb will try to reconnect until killed or the cfg file is removed. When a new connection is tried, zbxdb reads the config file, just in case there was a change. If a checks file in use is changed, zbxdb re-reads the file and logs about this.

zbxdb's time is mostly spent sleeping. It wakes-up every minute and checks if a section has to be executed or not. Every section contains a minutes: X parameter that specifies how big the monitor interval should be for that section. The interval is specified in minutes. If at a certain moment multiple sections are to be executed, they are executed all after each other. If for some reason the checks take longer than a minute, an interval is skipped.

The idea for site_checks is to have application specific checks in them. The regular checks should be application independent and be generic for that type and version of database. For RAC databases, just connect using 1 instance For pluggable database, just connect to a common user to monitor all plugin databases. should be restarted if it accidentally crashes, what very rarely happens. On * nix the zbxdb_starter takes care for starting all instances of, with a 1 second delay. On Windows could be implemented as a service that auto starts.

Enclosed tools:


this is an aide to[re]start zbxdb in an orderly way. Put it in the crontab, every minute. It will check the etc directory(note the lack of a leading '/') and start the configuration files named etc/zbxdb.{your_config}.cfg, each given their own logfile. Notice the sleep in the start sequence. This is done to make sure not all concurrently running zbxdb sessions awake at the same moment. Now their awakenings is separated by a second. This makes that if running 10 monitors, they are executing their checks one after an other. Schedule this in the crontab, every minute. Make sure that ZBXDB_HOME is defined in your .bash_profile and also add the location of to your PATH. In my case: PATH =$HOME/zbxdb/bin: $PATH


Just to stop all currently running scripts for the user.

this is used to really send the data to zabbix. Could be zabbix server, could be zabbix proxy, only depending on the location of your monitoring host. It collects the files from the out_dir and sends them in one session. Doing so makes the process pretty efficient, at the cost of a small delay. - c / etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf - z zbxdb_out Uses the agent configuration and makes it possible to use encryption. Using the agent configuration uses the ServerActive adresses to send the data to Schedule this in the crontab, every minute.

It should be able to also discover windows machines. Requirement for that is that the remote powershell service is running. Assuming ssh is configured with keys.

configuration file - csv file with header:


A python script that is supposed to run on the Oracle database server. It connects to all detected instances, reads the v$diag_info for the correct log.xml location. also checks for existence of the log.xml and creates an empty file if it does not -yet - exist - anymore-. Since the zabbix agent that is going to read the alert log.xml runs in the zabbix account and not oracle, permissions are modified to 744. The lld array is sent to zabbix using zabbix_sender(and written to zbx_alertlog.lld)

usage:[-h][-o ORATAB][-s SERVERNAME][-p PORT] - H HOSTNAME - k KEY



Drivererrors has 2 entries:

  • db_errorcode(driver, excep)
  • db_error_needs_new_session(driver, code)


returns the errorcode and text it got from excep.


returns True if with the given code it is useless to try to continue the current session. I oracle, for example 3113 is a good reason to forget the session and to try to connect again. Every driver has


dbconnections has 3 entries:

  • connection_info(con)
  • connect_string(config)
  • connect(db, c)


Has to fill info about the connected database like

  • dbversion
  • sid
  • serial
  • instance_type
  • iname
  • uname
  • db_role


returns the connect string needed to connect to the database.


performs the actual connect to the database using the configuration parameters.

auto database discovery for Oracle

prepare a host with a discovery rule 'oradb.lld' of type zabbix_trapper. Give the discovery rule a host prototye "{#DB_NAME}" and add it to groups you need, but also to group prototypes "{#GROUP}" and "{#ALERT}". The alert group is optional but is meant to be for ... alerting. Add the zbxdb template to the host prototype. Set the inventory to automatic.

zbx_discover_oradbs is the - bash - script that does the discovery. It needs host equivalence for all machines that you want to be discovered. zbx_discover_oradbs visits all hosts and uses lsnrctl to find all instances. It uses the common conventions regarding instance and database naming. It works for single database and for RAC databases.

the configuration file:

# site_prefix (clustername|"") host[s]
prefix cluster01 clu01node01 clu01node02
prefix cluster02 clu02node01 clu02node02
prefix "" singlehost1
# for alerting based on a group:
alert_pattern = (cluster01_ | PB$)
# pattern matches hostnames that contain cluster01_ or end on PB
alert_group = your_generated_alert_group

the usage: zbx_discover_oradb hostname_with_the_oradb.lld_key[zabbix_(server | proxy)]

Since zbxdb template contains a nodata trigger for every database, expect that after a few minutes a missing data alert is raised, if you did not also start for the newly discovered database[s].

a file is created that contains the discovery json array that is sent to zabbix. a file is created in the / tmp / directory of every host that is visited for the discovery. It is the remote discovery script.

sample output file:

testhost oradb.lld 1548959488 rotra_srv-yum-001 oradb.lld 1551257701 {"data": [
    {"{#DB_NAME}": "prefix_cluster01_CTEST1P", "{#GROUP}": "prefix_cluster01", "{#ALERT}": "your_generated_alert_group"}, {"{#DB_NAME}": "prefix_cluster01_DBFS1P", "{#GROUP}": "prefix_cluster01", "{#ALERT}": "your_generated_alert_group"}, {"{#DB_NAME}": "prefix_cluster01_RONR", "{#GROUP}": "prefix_cluster01", "{#ALERT}": "your_generated_alert_group"}, {"{#DB_NAME}": "prefix_cluster01_TRANS", "{#GROUP}": "prefix_cluster01",
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   "{#ALERT}": "your_generated_alert_group"}, {"{#DB_NAME}": "prefix_cluster02_CTEST1PB", "{#GROUP}": "prefix_cluster02", "{#ALERT}": "your_generated_alert_group"}, {"{#DB_NAME}": "prefix_cluster02_CTEST2A", "{#GROUP}": "prefix_cluster02"}, {"{#DB_NAME}": "prefix_cluster02_PTVLO", "{#GROUP}": "prefix_cluster02"}, {"{#DB_NAME}": "prefix_cluster02_TRANS", "{#GROUP}": "rprefix_cluster02"}, {"{#DB_NAME}": "prefix_CC12", "{#GROUP}": "prefix"}

Just in case you already have added lot's of databases manually, you can put them in an ignore list so you won't get lot's of errors during the processing of the discovery data in zabbix. Just put the generated hostnames that you want to ignore in $HOME/etc/zbx_discover_oradbs.ignore, next to the cfg file.

zabbix is not very flexible regarding group prototypes. The group names that are generated are not allowed to pre-exist(v4) Sorry for that, we have to deal with that.


Use the code at your own risk. It is tested and seems to be functional. Use an account with the least required privileges, both on OS as on database level. Especially Oracle has good options to limit the required privileges. On others you still might need special privileges to access the system's tables/views. Sadly enough, for some databases you still need a database super user type of account to be able to access the needed tables/views.

Don't use a dba type account for this. Read only access is good enough

Don't use a root account for this. Any OS user that can use zabbix-sender will do Using high privileged accounts is not needed in Oracle.


Normally is is enough to just overwrite with the new copy. The running instance will notice the change and reload it without any problems.

v2.0 -- logging module introduced

When coming from v1, the upgrade to v2 has to be prepared by putting a logging.json in your ZBXDB_HOME/etc / folder. If that is in place the upgrade will be a smooth as before, otherwise will fallback to a default logging configuration, to stdout. No problem at all but since v2 logging is properly introduced and has more options to configure. To make the best of it, it is best to completely stop the running instances of, because zbxdb_starter opens with output redirection to stdout and that could give slightly confusing messages like msg M2 with timestamp t+1 appearing sooner than msg M1 with timestamp t

v3.0 -- real encryption introduced

Coming from V2 this should not give any headaches, other than a requirement that in many cases is already fullfilled. (cryptography)

database user creation:

Oracle classic

create user cistats identified by knowoneknows
grant create session, select any dictionary, oem_monitor to cistats

Oracle multitenant

In Oracle 12 or later - when using pluggable database, in the root container, create a common user:

create user c##cistats identified by knowoneknows;
alter user c##cistats set container_data = all container = current;
grant create session, select any dictionary, oem_monitor, dv_monitor to c##cistats;


create login and user to monitor with low privs in all databases(including model)
use msdb
EXEC sp_addrolemember N'SQLAgentReaderRole', N'CISTATS'
EXEC sp_addrolemember N'SQLAgentUserRole', N'CISTATS'
GRANT SELECT on sysjobhistory to[CISTATS]
grant select on sysjobactivity to[CISTATS]


create extension dblink
In order to be able to create a dblink, the contrib package must be installed on the dbserver[s](postgresql9*-contrib).

for collecting total dead and live tuples per database a temporary table and a dblink is used. The queries for this collection use a construction for which postgres - sadly enough - requires superuser to do that without password.
I am very open for tips to make this better, without a superuser account.

create user cistats with superuser encrypted password 'knowoneknows'
or, without superuser:
create user cistats with encrypted password 'knowoneknows'
grant select on pg_catalog.pg_settings to cistats;

v10 and later:
create user cistats with encrypted password 'knowoneknows'
GRANT pg_read_all_settings TO cistats
GRANT pg_monitor to cistats

If you need statistics like live/dead tuples per database a dblink is used. To use this without password the
user needs to be superuser. Sad enough.
alter user cistats with superuser


ON * .*
TO  'cistats'@'localhost'
IDENTIFIED BY 'knowoneknows'