Imixs-Workflow Microservice
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The Imixs-Microservice

Imixs-Workflow is an open source workflow engine for human-centric business process management (BPM). Human-centric BPM means to support human skills and activities by a task orientated workflow-engine.

The Rest API

The Imixs-Microservice project encapsulates the Imixs-Workflow Engine into a microservice to be bound to any business application, independent from the technology behind. In this architectural style the business logic can be changed without changing a single line of code. Imixs-Microservice provides a Rest API to interact with the Imixs-Workflow Engine. See the Imixs-Workflow Rest API for more information.

BPMN 2.0

The 'Business Process Model and Notation' - BPMN 2.0 is the common standard to describe a business process. BPMN was initially designed to describe a business process without all the technical details of a software system. As an result, a BPMN diagram is easy to understand and a good starting point to talk about a business process with technician as also with management people.

Imixs-Workflow supports BPMN 2.0 and provides a free modeling tool - Imixs-BPMN. Imixs-BPMN takes the full advantage of all the capabilities of BPMN 2.0 and complements them with the features of a powerful workflow engine.

How to Install

Imixs-Microservice is based on the Java EE specification and can be deployed into any Java EE application server like JBoss/Wildfly, GlassFish or Payara. See the Imixs-Workflow deployment guide for further information about deployment and configuration. Further more, this project offers the possibility to run Imixs-Microservice in a container-based environment.

Run with Docker

Imixs-Microservice provides a docker image, making it easy to run the Imixs-Microservice out of the box in a Docker container. This container image can be used for development as also for productive purpose. To start the Imixs-Microservice as a docker container you need to create a container stack with Docker Compose. Docker Compose is a tool for defining and running a stack of multiple Docker containers.

The following docker-compose.yml file defines the application stack consisting of a PostgreSQL database and a JBoss/Wildfly container to run Imixs-Microservice:

version: '3.1'


    image: postgres:9.6.1
      POSTGRES_PASSWORD: adminadmin
      POSTGRES_DB: workflow

    image: imixs/imixs-microservice
      WILDFLY_PASS: adminadmin
      DEBUG: "true"
      POSTGRES_USER: "postgres"
      POSTGRES_PASSWORD: "adminadmin"
      POSTGRES_CONNECTION: "jdbc:postgresql://db/workflow"
      - "8080:8080"
      - "9990:9990" 

With a single command, you create and start all the services with your own configuration defined in the docker-compose.yml file:

docker-compose up

Authentication and Authorization

Imixs-Workflow is a human-centry workflow engine which means that each actor need to authenticate against the service to interact. The Workflow Engine is based on the Java EE and so the authentication is also standardized by the JAAS Specification which supports different authentication solutions like LDAP, Database, SSO and more.

The default Docker installation provides a set of predefined users which can be used for testing purpose. The test users are stored in a separate user and roles properties file located in the container. See the following list of predefined test user accounts:

User Role Password
admin IMIXS-WORKFLOW-Manager adminadmin
alex IMIXS-WORKFLOW-Manager password
marty IMIXS-WORKFLOW-Author password
melman IMIXS-WORKFLOW-Author password
gloria IMIXS-WORKFLOW-Author password
skipper IMIXS-WORKFLOW-Author password
kowalski IMIXS-WORKFLOW-Author password
private IMIXS-WORKFLOW-Author password
rico IMIXS-WORKFLOW-Author password

You can add additional accounts or change the default account later, by updated the files "" and "". You can also configure a different custom security realm (e.g. LDAP).

How to Work With the Imixs-Microservice

After you have started the Imixs-Microservce a full featured Imixs-Workflow instance is ready to be used within your business application project. The following section includes some short examples how to create, process and verify a Imixs-Workflow instance.

NOTE: You need to authenticate against the rest service API. In this examples we will use the default user 'admin' with the default password 'adminadmin'.

How to Deploy a BPMN Model

After the Imixs-Microservice is up and running, you can deploy the example model file 'ticket.bpmn' included in this project. You can deploy the default 'Ticket Workflow' using the following curl command:

curl --user admin:adminadmin --request POST -Tticket.bpmn http://localhost:8080/imixs-microservice/model/bpmn

The example model is included in the Imixs-Microservice project located at: /src/model/ticket.bpmn

Of course your can bring your own BPMN Model. A Imixs-Workflow model can be created using the Imixs-BPMN Eclipse Plugin.

Verify Model

To verify if the model was deployed successfully you can check the deployed model version with form your web browser:


Create a new Process Instance

To create a new process instance you can POST a JSON Object to the Imixs-Microservice in the following way

POST = http://localhost/imixs-microservice/workflow/workitem

To create a valid workitem the following attributes are mandatory:

  • $modelversion = the version of your model
  • $processid = the start process
  • $activityid = the activity to be processed

See the following Example:

 {"name":"_subject","value":{"@type":"xs:string","$":"Some usefull data.."}}

The example below shows how to post a new Workitem in JSON Format using the curl command. The request post a JSON structure for a new workitem with the $modelVerson 1.0.0 , ProcessID 10 and ActivityID 10.

curl --user admin:adminadmin -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d \
       '{"item":[ \
                 {"name":"type","value":{"@type":"xs:string","$":"workitem"}}, \
                 {"name":"$modelversion","value":{"@type":"xs:string","$":"1.0.1"}}, \
                 {"name":"$processid","value":{"@type":"xs:int","$":"1000"}}, \
                 {"name":"$activityid","value":{"@type":"xs:int","$":"10"}}, \
         ]}' \

Once you created a new process instance based on a predefined model you got a set of data back form the workflow engine describing the state of your new business object which is now controlled by the workflow engine. This is called the workitem:

   {"name":"_subject","value":{"@type":"xs:string","$":"JUnit Test-6476"}}, 

The workitem includes the attribute '$uniqueid' wich is used ot identify the process instance later. Also workflow information like the current status or the owner is returend by the service.

There are serveral Resouce URIs to request the state of a process instance. Using the $uniqueid returned by the POST method you can request the current status of a single process instance:

GET = http://localhost/workflow/rest-service/workflow/workitem/[UNIQUEID]

curl command:

curl --user admin:adminadmin \
      -H "Accept: application/json"  \

To change the status of a process instance you simply need to post uniqueid together with the next workflow activity defined by your workflow model

POST = http://localhost/workflow/rest-service/workflow/workitem/[UNIQUEID]

     {"name":"_subject","value":{"@type":"xs:string","$":"Some usefull data.."}}
     {"name":"_customdata","value":{"@type":"xs:string","$":"Some more data.."}}

Within the object you can define any kind of data to be stored together with the process instance.

Open the Task List

Each user involved in a business process has a personal task list (called the 'worklist'). You can request the task list for the current user by the following Rest API URL:


The result will include all workitems for the current user.

Task Lists

Imixs-Workflow provides several additional resources to request the task list for specific users or object types.

To request the Worklist for the current user 'admin' user you can call:

curl --user admin:adminadmin -H \
     "Accept: application/json" \

Find more details about the Imixs-Rest API here.

The Imixs-Microservice provides a Docker Container to be used to run the service on a Docker host. The docker image is based on the docker image imixs/wildfly.

Starting the Imixs-Microservice With Docker

To run Imixs-Microservice in a Docker container, the container need to be linked to SQL database container. The database connection is configured in the Wildfly standalone.xml file and can be customized to any other database system. The docker-compose.yml included in this project can be used to run the necessary docker container with a single command:

docker-compose up

The application can be accessed from a web browser at the following url:


More details about the imixs/wildfly image, which is the base image for Imixs-Workflow, can be found here.

How to Build a Local Docker Image

To run the build of a local Docker image:

mvn clean install -DskipTests -Pdocker

Docker for Production

To run the Imixs-Microservice in a Docker production environment the project provides several additional maven profiles:


With the profile 'docker-build' a docker container based on the current version of Imixs-Microservice is created locally

mvn clean install -Pdocker-build


With the 'docker-push' profile the current version of Imixs-Microservice can be pushed to a private remote repository:

mvn clean install -Pdocker-push -Dorg.imixs.docker.registry=localhost:5000

where 'localhost:5000' need to be replaced with the host of a private registry. See the docker-push command for more details.


Imixs-Microservice is also available on Docker-Hub. The public docker images can be used for development and production. If you need technical support please contact


You can use Imixs-Microservice also as a template for a custom workflow project. To build the project from the source code run the maven command:

mvn clean install -DskipTests

Initialize a Database Connection

The Imixs-Microservice expects a JPA database pool with the JNDI name 'imixs-microservice'. You can use any SQL database vendor, but you need to configure the JDBC database pool in your application server before your start the deployment.

The docker-compose.yml provided by this project already defines such a stack configuration.

Debug Mode

During development the docker container environment variable 'DEBUG=true' can be used to run wildfly in a debug mode listening on port 8787.

The Imixs-Admin Client

The Imixs-Admin Client is a web tool to administrate a running instance of the Imixs-Workflow Engine. The Imixs-Admin tool is automatically deployed when running Imixs-Microservice based on the official Docker Container.

You can open the Imixs-Admin Client from your browser with at the following location:


To learn more about all the Imixs-Admin client, see the official documentation.

Java Rest Client

To access the Imixs-Microservice form a Java application you can use the Imixs-Workflow RestClient provided by the Melman Project.

JUnit Tests

The Imixs-Microservice project provide a set of JUnit Tests. These tests can be used also as a starting point to learn how the RestService API works.


General information about Imixs-Workflow can be found the the project home. The sources for this docker image are available on Github. Please report any issues.

If you have any questions concerning the Imixs-Microservice please see the Imixs-Microservice Project on GitHub