Node Version Switcher - A cross-platform tool for switching between versions and forks of Node.js
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README.md

NVS (Node Version Switcher)

Build Status: Mac + Linux Build status: Windows

NVS is a cross-platform utility for switching between different versions and forks of Node.js. NVS is itself written in node JavaScript.

This tool is obviously inspired by other node version manager tools, especially nvm, from which it borrows a lot of ideas and some command-line syntax.

Setup

Following are basic setup instructions. For more details and options for setting up NVS, refer to the Setup page.

Windows

A Windows Installer (MSI) package is available from the NVS releases page on GitHub.

You can also use chocolatey to install it:

choco install nvs

Mac, Linux

Specify the installation path, clone the repo, and source the install command:

export NVS_HOME="$HOME/.nvs"
git clone https://github.com/jasongin/nvs "$NVS_HOME"
. "$NVS_HOME/nvs.sh" install

The nvs.sh script adds an nvs shell function to the environment. Afterward the tool should be invoked as just nvs without any path. The install command adds lines to your ~/.bashrc, ~/.profile, or ~/.zshrc file to source nvs.sh, so that the nvs function is available in future shells.

CI Environments

NVS can be used in a CI environment such as AppVeyor or Travis CI, to test a Node.js app or library on any version of Node.js that NVS can install.

Basic usage

To add the latest version of node:

$ nvs add latest

Or to add the latest LTS version of node:

$ nvs add lts

Then run the nvs use command to add a version of node to your PATH for the current shell:

$ nvs use lts
PATH += ~/.nvs/node/6.9.1/x64

To add it to PATH permanently, use nvs link:

$ nvs link lts

Command reference

Command Description
nvs help <command> Get detailed help for a command
nvs install Initialize your profile for using NVS
nvs uninstall Remove NVS from profile and environment
nvs --version Display the NVS tool version
nvs add <version> Download and extract a node version
nvs rm <version> Remove a node version
nvs migrate <fromver> [tover] Migrate global modules
nvs upgrade [fromver] Upgrade to latest patch of major version
nvs use [version] Use a node version in the current shell
nvs auto [on/off] Automatically switch based on cwd
nvs run <ver> <js> [args...] Run a script using a node version
nvs exec <ver> <exe> [args...] Run an executable using a node version
nvs which [version] Show the path to a node version binary
nvs ls [filter] List local node versions
nvs ls-remote [filter] List node versions available to download
nvs link [version] Link a version as the default
nvs unlink [version] Remove links to a default version
nvs alias [name] [value] Set or recall aliases for versions
nvs remote [name] [value] Set or recall download base URIs

A version or filter consists of a complete or partial semantic version number or version label ("lts", "latest", "Argon", etc.), optionally preceded by a remote name, optionally followed by an architecture, separated by slashes. Examples: "lts", "4.6.0", "6/x86", "node/6.7/x64".

Refer to the docs for more details about each command.

Interactive menus

When invoked with no parameters, nvs displays an interactive menu for switching and downloading node versions.

nvs menu

NVS uses console-menu, a module originally written for this project then published separately.

VS Code support

Visual Studio Code can use NVS to select a node version to use when launching or debugging. In launch.json, add a "runtimeArgs" attribute with an NVS version string and a "runtimeExecutable" attribute that refers to nvs.cmd (Windows) or nvs (Mac, Linux). (You may need to specify an absolute path such as "${env:HOME}/.nvs/nvs" if NVS is not in VS Code's PATH.)

Example: Configure launch.json so VS Code uses NVS to launch node version 6.10:

  "configurations": [
    {
      "type": "node",
      "request": "launch",
      "name": "Launch Program",
      "program": "${file}",
      "args": [ ],
      "runtimeArgs": [ "6.10" ],
      "windows": { "runtimeExecutable": "nvs.cmd" },
      "osx": { "runtimeExecutable": "nvs" },
      "linux": { "runtimeExecutable": "nvs" }
    },

Or, remove the version string from "runtimeArgs" to get the version from a .node-version file in the project directory. For more details, see the NVS VS Code documentation or run nvs help vscode.

Configurable remotes

The nvs remote command allows configuration of multiple named download locations. NVS manages versions from different remote locations separately, so there is no risk of version collisions. By default there are remotes pointing to Node.js official releases and nightly builds:

$ nvs remote
default  node
nightly  https://nodejs.org/download/nightly/
node     https://nodejs.org/dist/

This makes it easy to get builds from other sources. The following command sequence lists nightly builds, and adds a build:

$ nvs lsr nightly/7
7.0.1-nightly2016102527e1749dcb
...
$ nvs add nightly/7

Aliases

An alias refers to a combination of a remote name and a semantic version. (Processor architectures are not aliased.) When setting an alias, the remote name may be omitted, in which case the alias refers to the default remote. An alias may be used in place of a version string in any of the other commands.

$ nvs alias myalias 6.7.0
$ nvs alias
myalias default/6.7.0
$ nvs run myalias --version
v6.7.0
$ nvs which myalias
~/.nvs/node/6.7.0/x64/bin/node
$ nvs which myalias/32
~/.nvs/node/6.7.0/x86/bin/node

An alias may also refer to a local directory, enabling NVS to switch to a local private build of node.

Automatic switching per directory

In either Bash or PowerShell, NVS can automatically switch the node version in the current shell as you change directories. This function is disabled by default; to enable it run nvs auto on. Afterward, whenver you cd or pushd under a directory containing a .node-version file then NVS will automatically switch the node version accordingly, downloading a new version if necessary. When you cd out to a directory with no .node-version file anywhere above it, then the default (linked) version is restored, if any.

~$ nvs link 6.9.1
~/.nvs/default -> ~/.nvs/node/6.9.1/x64
~$ nvs use
PATH += ~/.nvs/default/bin
~$ nvs auto on
~$ cd myproject
PATH -= ~/.nvs/default/bin
PATH += ~/.nvs/node/4.6.1/x64/bin
~/myproject$ cd ..
PATH -= ~/.nvs/node/4.6.1/x64/bin
PATH += ~/.nvs/default/bin

This feature is not available in Windows Command Prompt. Use PowerShell instead.

How it works

Bootstrapping node

NVS uses a small amount of platform-specific shell code that bootstraps the tool by automatically downloading a private copy of node. The bootstrap code is just a few dozen lines each of Windows command script, Windows powershell script, and POSIX shell script. Besides bootstrapping, the shell scripts are also used to export PATH changes to the calling shell (which a separate node process cannot do). But all the code for querying available versions, downloading and installing node and matching npm, switching versions/architectures/engines, uninstalling, parsing and updating PATH, and more can be written in JavaScript, and mostly in a cross-platform way.

Version switching

NVS downloads node builds under the directory specified by the NVS_HOME environment variable, or under the NVS tool directory if NVS_HOME is not set. Each build goes in a subdirectory based on the remote name, semantic version, and architecture, for example node/6.7.0/x64.

When you nvs use a version, the PATH of the current shell is updated to include that version's bin directory.

Global modules

When using npm install -g or npm link with NVS-installed node, global modules are installed or linked into a version-specific directory. (NVS clears any NPM_CONFIG_PREFIX environment variable that may have been set.) This means when NVS switches versions it is also switching the set of available global modules. The nvs migrate command can migrate those global modules from one node version to another.

Symbolic links

The nvs link command creates a symbolic directory link at $NVS_HOME/default that points to the specified version (or the current version from PATH at the time of the command). This can be useful when there is a need to configure a fixed path elsewhere.

On non-Windows platforms, a new shell that sources the nvs.sh script also sets PATH to include the default version, if a link is present. On Windows, the PATH environment variable is updated in the user profile, so that new shells will use the default version.

The nvs ls command lists all local node versions, marks the version currently in the path with a >, and marks the default (linked) version, if any, with a #. These may be the same or different. For example:

  node/4.5.0/x64
 #node/4.6.0/x64
 >node/6.7.0/x64

System linking

If $NVS_HOME is under a system path such as /usr/local or %ProgramFiles%, then the nvs link command additionally links into well-known Node.js system locations. (This is only allowed if there is not already a system-installed node.)

  • On non-Windows platforms, symbolic links are created in /usr/local/bin for node, npm, and any globally-installed node modules that have executables. Note after installing or uninstalling global modules that include executables it may be necessary to run nvs link again to update the global links. Using NVS to link a different version of node (with different global modules) updates all the links accordingly.

  • On Windows, a symbolic directory link is created at %ProgramFiles%\Nodejs, and that directory is added to the system PATH.

This system linking functionality is skipped when $NVS_HOME points to a non-system directory, because it would be wrong to create symlinks in system directories to user files.

Dependencies

NVS has no external dependencies beyond the private copy of node that it automatically downloads. Runtime JS package dependencies are minimal and are checked in to the repo to avoid the need for an npm install at bootstrapping time.