PHP queue worker and consumer - Ready for AWS SQS, Redis, Beanstalkd and others.
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README.md

Simpleue - Simple Queue Worker for PHP

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Simpleue provide a very simple way to run workers to consume queues (consumers) in PHP. The library have been developed to be easily extended to work with different queue servers and open to manage any kind of job.

Current implementations:

  • Redis queue adapter.
  • AWS SQS queue adapter.
  • Beanstalkd queue adapter.

You can find an example of use in simpleue-example

Worker

The lib has a worker class that run and infinite loop (can be stopped with some conditions) and manage all the stages to process jobs:

  • Get next job.
  • Execute job.
  • job success then do ...
  • job failed then do ...
  • Execution error then do ...
  • No jobs then do ...

The loop can be stopped under control using the following methods:

  • STOP Job : The job handler allow to define a STOP job.
  • Max iterations : It can be specified when the object is declared.

Each worker has one queue source and manage one type of jobs. Many workers can be working concurrently using the same queue source.

Graceful Exit

The worker is also capable for handling some posix signals, viz. SIGINT and SIGTERM so that it exits gracefully (waits for the current queue job to complete) when someone tries to manually stop it (usually with a C-c keystroke in a shell).

This behaviour is disabled by default. To enable it, you need to pass an extra parameter in the constructor of the worker class. See Usage below for an example.

Note: This feature is not tested in HHVM, thus might not work as expected if you are running it on HHVM

Queue

The lib provide an interface which allow to implement a queue connection for different queue servers. Currently the lib provide following implementations:

  • Redis queue adapter.
  • AWS SQS queue adapter.
  • Beanstalkd queue adapter.

The queue interface manage all related with the queue system and abstract the job about that.

It require the queue system client:

  • Redis : Predis\Client
  • AWS SQS : Aws\Sqs\SqsClient
  • Beanstalkd : Pheanstalk\Pheanstalk;

And was well the source queue name. The consumer will need additional queues to manage the process:

  • Processing queue (only for Redis): It will store the item popped from source queue while it is being processed.
  • Failed queue: All Jobs that fail (according the Job definition) will be add in this queue.
  • Error queue: All Jobs that throw and exception in the management process will be add to this queue.

Important

For AWS SQS Queue all the queues must exist before start working.

Jobs

The job interface is used to manage the job received in the queue. It must manage the domain business logic and define the STOP job.

The job is abstracted form the queue system, so the same job definition is able to work with different queues interfaces. The job always receive the message body from the queue.

If you have different job types ( send mail, crop images, etc. ) and you use one queue, you can define isMyJob. If job is not expected type, you can send back job to queue.

Install

Require the package in your composer json file:

{

    "require": {
        "javibravo/simpleue" : "dev-master",
    },

}

Usage

The first step is to define and implement the Job to be managed.

<?php

namespace MyProject\MyJob;

use Simpleue\Job\Job;

class MyJob implements Job {

    public function manage($job) {
        ...
        try {
            ...
        } catch ( ... ) {
            return FALSE;
        }
        ...
        return TRUE;
    }

    ...
    
    public function isStopJob($job) {
        if ( ... )
            return TRUE;
        return FALSE;
    }
    
    public function isMyJob($job) {
            if ( ... )
                return TRUE;
            return FALSE;
    }
    ...

}

Once the job is defined we can define our consumer and start running:

Redis Consumer

<?php

use Predis\Client;
use Simpleue\Queue\RedisQueue;
use Simpleue\Worker\QueueWorker;
use MyProject\MyJob;

$redisQueue = new RedisQueue(
    new Client(array('host' => 'localhost', 'port' => 6379, 'schema' => 'tcp')),
    'my_queue_name'
);
$myNewConsumer = new QueueWorker($redisQueue, new MyJob());
$myNewConsumer->start();

AWS SQS Consumer

<?php

use Aws\Sqs\SqsClient;
use Simpleue\Queue\SqsQueue;
use Simpleue\Worker\QueueWorker;
use MyProject\MyJob;

$sqsClient = new SqsClient([
    'profile' => 'aws-profile',
    'region' => 'eu-west-1',
    'version' => 'latest'
]);

$sqsQueue = new SqsQueue($sqsClient, 'my_queue_name');

$myNewConsumer = new QueueWorker($sqsQueue, new MyJob());
$myNewConsumer->start();

Beanstalkd Consumer

<?php

use Simpleue\Queue\BeanStalkdQueue;
use Simpleue\Worker\QueueWorker;
use Pheanstalk\Pheanstalk;
use MyProject\MyJob;

$beanStalkdClient = new Pheanstalk('localhost');

$beanStalkdQueue = new BeanStalkdQueue($beanStalkdClient, 'my_queue_name');

$myNewConsumer = new QueueWorker($beanStalkdQueue, new MyJob());
$myNewConsumer->start();

Using maxIterations

There are two ways you can set maximum iterations, both are shown below:

Using Setter Method

$myConsumer = new QueueWorker($myQueue, new MyJob());
$myConsumer->setMaxIterations(10); //any number
$myConsumer->start();

Using Constructor Parameter

$myConsumer = new QueueWorker($myQueue, new MyJob(), 10);
$myConsumer->start();

Enabling Graceful Exit

To enable graceful exit, pass in an extra parameter in the constructor.

$myConsumer = new QueueWorker($myQueue, new MyJob(), 10, true);
$myConsumer->start();

AWS SQS Job Locking to Prevent Duplication

When using AWS SQS Standart Queue, sometimes workers can get duplicated messages even if MessageVisibilityTimeout given. To prevent this duplication, you can give Redis or Memcached Locker to SqsQueue object. If you proived locker object and lock failed, job sent to error queue. Locker provider does not remove/unlock job. If required, you should unlock manually. You can get job key with getJobUniqId method.

<?php

use Aws\Sqs\SqsClient;
use Simpleue\Queue\SqsQueue;
use Simpleue\Locker\MemcachedLocker;
use Simpleue\Worker\QueueWorker;
use MyProject\MyJob;

$memcached = new \Memcached();
$memcached->addServer('localhost', 11211);
$memcachedLocker = new MemcachedLocker($memcached);

$sqsClient = new SqsClient([
    'profile' => 'aws-profile',
    'region' => 'eu-west-1',
    'version' => 'latest'
]);

$sqsQueue = new SqsQueue($sqsClient, 'my_queue_name', 20, 30);
$sqsQueue->setLocker($memcachedLocker);

$myNewConsumer = new QueueWorker($sqsQueue, new MyJob());
$myNewConsumer->start();

See http://docs.aws.amazon.com/AWSSimpleQueueService/latest/SQSDeveloperGuide/standard-queues.html#standard-queues-at-least-once-delivery for more info

(*) The idea is to support any queue system, so it is open for that. Contributions are welcome.