libvips : an image processing library
It has around 300 operations covering arithmetic, histograms, convolution, morphological operations, frequency filtering, colour, resampling, statistics and others. It supports a large range of numeric formats, from 8-bit int to 128-bit complex. Images can have any number of bands. It supports a good range of image formats, including JPEG, TIFF, PNG, WebP, FITS, Matlab, OpenEXR, PDF, SVG, HDR, PPM, CSV, GIF, Analyze, NIfTI, DeepZoom, and OpenSlide. It can also load images via ImageMagick or GraphicsMagick, letting it load formats like DICOM.
It comes with bindings for C, C++, and the command-line. Full bindings are available for Ruby, Python, PHP, .NET, Go, and Lua. libvips is used as an image processing engine by sharp (on node.js), bimg, sharp for Go, Ruby on Rails, carrierwave-vips, mediawiki, PhotoFlow and others. The official libvips GUI is nip2, a strange combination of a spreadsheet and an photo editor.
There are packages for most unix-like operating systems and binaries for Windows and OS X.
Building libvips from a source tarball
We keep pre-baked tarballs of releases on the vips website:
Untar, then in the libvips directory you should just be able to do:
Check the summary at the end of
configure carefully. libvips must have
You'll need the dev packages for the file format support you want. For basic
jpeg and tiff support, you'll need
libgsf-1-dev. See the Dependencies section below for a full list
of the things that libvips can be configured to use.
configure is looking OK, compile and install with the usual:
$ make $ sudo make install
By default this will install files to
Do a basic test of your build with:
$ make check
Run the libvips test suite with:
Run a specific test with:
$ pytest test/test-suite/test_foreign.py -k test_tiff
You will need to install a variety of Python packages for this, including pyvips, the libvips Python binding.
Building libvips from git
Checkout the latest sources with:
$ git clone git://github.com/jcupitt/libvips.git
Building from git needs more packages, you'll need at least
gobject-introspection, see the dependencies section below. For example:
$ brew install gtk-doc swig
Then build the build system with:
$ CFLAGS="-g -Wall" CXXFLAGS="-g -Wall" \ ./configure --prefix=/home/john/vips --enable-debug $ make $ make install
$ export G_DEBUG=gc-friendly $ valgrind --suppressions=libvips.supp \ --leak-check=yes \ vips ... > vips-vg.log 2>&1
Memory error debug:
$ valgrind --vgdb=yes --vgdb-error=0 vips ...
valgrind threading check:
$ valgrind --tool=helgrind vips ... > vips-vg.log 2>&1
$ CC=clang CXX=clang++ ./configure --prefix=/home/john/vips
Clang static analysis:
$ scan-build ./configure --disable-introspection --disable-debug $ scan-build -o scan -v make $ scan-view scan/2013-11-22-2
Clang dynamic analysis:
$ FLAGS="-O1 -g -fsanitize=address" $ FLAGS="$FLAGS -fno-omit-frame-pointer -fno-optimize-sibling-calls" $ CC=clang CXX=clang++ LD=clang \ CFLAGS="$FLAGS" CXXFLAGS="$FLAGS" LDFLAGS=-fsanitize=address \ ./configure --prefix=/home/john/vips $ FLAGS="-O1 -g -fsanitize=thread" $ FLAGS="$FLAGS -fPIC" $ FLAGS="$FLAGS -fno-omit-frame-pointer -fno-optimize-sibling-calls" $ CC=clang CXX=clang++ LD=clang \ CFLAGS="$FLAGS" CXXFLAGS="$FLAGS" \ LDFLAGS="-fsanitize=thread -fPIC" \ ./configure --prefix=/home/john/vips \ --without-magick \ --disable-introspection $ G_DEBUG=gc-friendly vips copy ~/pics/k2.jpg x.jpg >& log
Build with the GCC auto-vectorizer and diagnostics (or just -O3):
$ FLAGS="-O2 -march=native -ffast-math" $ FLAGS="$FLAGS -ftree-vectorize -fdump-tree-vect-details" $ CFLAGS="$FLAGS" CXXFLAGS="$FLAGS" \ ./configure --prefix=/home/john/vips
Static analysis with:
$ cppcheck --force --enable=style . &> cppcheck.log
libvips has to have
glib2.0-dev. Other dependencies are optional, see below.
If suitable versions are found, libvips will add support for the following
libraries automatically. See
./configure --help for a set of flags to
control library detection. Packages are generally found with
so make sure that is working.
libtiff, giflib and libjpeg do not usually use
pkg-config so libvips looks for
them in the default path and in
$prefix. If you have installed your own
versions of these libraries in a different location, libvips will not see
them. Use switches to libvips configure like:
./configure --prefix=/Users/john/vips \ --with-giflib-includes=/opt/local/include \ --with-giflib-libraries=/opt/local/lib \ --with-tiff-includes=/opt/local/include \ --with-tiff-libraries=/opt/local/lib \ --with-jpeg-includes=/opt/local/include \ --with-jpeg-libraries=/opt/local/lib
CFLAGS="-g -Wall -I/opt/local/include -L/opt/local/lib" \ CXXFLAGS="-g -Wall -I/opt/local/include -L/opt/local/lib" \ ./configure --prefix=/Users/john/vips
to get libvips to see your builds.
The IJG JPEG library. Use the
-turbo version if you can.
If available, libvips adds support for EXIF metadata in JPEG files.
The standard gif loader. If this is not present, vips will try to load gifs via imagemagick instead.
The usual SVG loader. If this is not present, vips will try to load SVGs via imagemagick instead.
If present, libvips will attempt to load PDFs via PDFium. This library must be packaged by https://github.com/jcupitt/docker-builds/tree/master/pdfium
If PDFium is not detected, libvips will look for poppler-glib instead.
The usual PDF loader. If this is not present, vips will try to load PDFs via imagemagick.
If available, libvips adds support for creating image pyramids with
The TIFF library. It needs to be built with support for JPEG and ZIP compression. 3.4b037 and later are known to be OK.
If libvips finds this library, it uses it for fourier transforms.
are available for transforming images with ICC profiles. If
available it is used in preference to
lcms, since it is faster.
libvips uses the standard autoconf tests to work out how to support large files (>2GB) on your system. Any reasonably recent unix should be OK.
If present, libvips can load and save png files.
If present, libvips can write 8-bit palette-ised PNGs.
ImageMagick, or optionally GraphicsMagick
If available, libvips adds support for loading all libMagick-supported
image file types. Use
--with-magickpackage=GraphicsMagick to build against
Imagemagick 6.9+ needs to have been built with
--with-modules. Most packaged
IMs are, I think.
If you are going to be using libvips with untrusted images, perhaps in a web-server, for example, you should consider the security implications of using a package with such a large attack surface. You might prefer not to enable Magick support.
If available, libvips adds support for text rendering. You need the
package pangoft2 in
If available, vips will accelerate some operations with this run-time compiler.
If available, vips can load images from Matlab save files.
If available, vips can load FITS images.
If available, vips can load and save WebP images.
If available, vips can load and save NIFTI images.
If available, libvips will directly read (but not write, sadly) OpenEXR images.
If available, libvips can load OpenSlide-supported virtual slide files: Aperio, Hamamatsu, Leica, MIRAX, Sakura, Trestle, and Ventana.
No guarantees of performance accompany this software, nor is any responsibility assumed on the part of the authors. Please read the licence agreement.