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# jgm / pandocfilters

A python module for writing pandoc filters, with a collection of examples

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# pandocfilters

A python module for writing pandoc filters

## What are pandoc filters?

Pandoc filters are pipes that read a JSON serialization of the Pandoc AST from stdin, transform it in some way, and write it to stdout. They can be used with pandoc (>= 1.12) either using pipes

pandoc -t json -s | ./caps.py | pandoc -f json


or using the --filter (or -F) command-line option.

pandoc --filter ./caps.py -s


For more on pandoc filters, see the pandoc documentation under --filter and the tutorial on writing filters.

For an alternative library for writing pandoc filters, with a more "Pythonic" design, see panflute.

## Compatibility

Pandoc 1.16 introduced link and image attributes to the existing caption and target arguments, requiring a change in pandocfilters that breaks backwards compatibility. Consequently, you should use:

• pandocfilters version <= 1.2.4 for pandoc versions 1.12--1.15, and
• pandocfilters version >= 1.3.0 for pandoc versions >= 1.16.

Pandoc 1.17.3 (pandoc-types 1.17.*) introduced a new JSON format. pandocfilters 1.4.0 should work with both the old and the new format.

## Installing

Run this inside the present directory:

python setup.py install


Or install from PyPI:

pip install pandocfilters


## Available functions

The main functions pandocfilters exports are

• walk(x, action, format, meta)

Walk a tree, applying an action to every object. Returns a modified tree. An action is a function of the form action(key, value, format, meta), where:

• key is the type of the pandoc object (e.g. 'Str', 'Para')
• value is the contents of the object (e.g. a string for 'Str', a list of inline elements for 'Para')
• format is the target output format (as supplied by the format argument of walk)
• meta is the document's metadata

The return of an action is either:

• None: this means that the object should remain unchanged
• a pandoc object: this will replace the original object
• a list of pandoc objects: these will replace the original object; the list is merged with the neighbors of the original objects (spliced into the list the original object belongs to); returning an empty list deletes the object
• toJSONFilter(action)

Like toJSONFilters, but takes a single action as argument.

• toJSONFilters(actions)

Generate a JSON-to-JSON filter from stdin to stdout

The filter:

• reads a JSON-formatted pandoc document from stdin
• transforms it by walking the tree and performing the actions
• returns a new JSON-formatted pandoc document to stdout

The argument actions is a list of functions of the form action(key, value, format, meta), as described in more detail under walk.

This function calls applyJSONFilters, with the format argument provided by the first command-line argument, if present. (Pandoc sets this by default when calling filters.)

• applyJSONFilters(actions, source, format="")

Walk through JSON structure and apply filters

This:

• reads a JSON-formatted pandoc document from a source string
• transforms it by walking the tree and performing the actions
• returns a new JSON-formatted pandoc document as a string

The actions argument is a list of functions (see walk for a full description).

The argument source is a string encoded JSON object.

The argument format is a string describing the output format.

Returns a new JSON-formatted pandoc document.

• stringify(x)

Walks the tree x and returns concatenated string content, leaving out all formatting.

• attributes(attrs)

Returns an attribute list, constructed from the dictionary attrs.

## How to use

Most users will only need toJSONFilter. Here is a simple example of its use:

#!/usr/bin/env python

"""
Pandoc filter to convert all regular text to uppercase.
Code, link URLs, etc. are not affected.
"""

from pandocfilters import toJSONFilter, Str

def caps(key, value, format, meta):
if key == 'Str':
return Str(value.upper())

if __name__ == "__main__":
toJSONFilter(caps)


## Examples

The examples subdirectory in the source repository contains the following filters. These filters should provide a useful starting point for developing your own pandocfilters.

abc.py
Pandoc filter to process code blocks with class abc containing ABC notation into images. Assumes that abcm2ps and ImageMagick's convert are in the path. Images are put in the abc-images directory.
caps.py
Pandoc filter to convert all regular text to uppercase. Code, link URLs, etc. are not affected.
comments.py
Pandoc filter that causes everything between <!-- BEGIN COMMENT --> and <!-- END COMMENT --> to be ignored. The comment lines must appear on lines by themselves, with blank lines surrounding
deemph.py
Pandoc filter that causes emphasized text to be displayed in ALL CAPS.
deflists.py
Pandoc filter to convert definition lists to bullet lists with the defined terms in strong emphasis (for compatibility with standard markdown).
gabc.py
Pandoc filter to convert code blocks with class "gabc" to LaTeX \gabcsnippet commands in LaTeX output, and to images in HTML output.
graphviz.py
Pandoc filter to process code blocks with class graphviz into graphviz-generated images.
lilypond.py
Pandoc filter to process code blocks with class "ly" containing Lilypond notation.
metavars.py
Pandoc filter to allow interpolation of metadata fields into a document. %{fields} will be replaced by the field's value, assuming it is of the type MetaInlines or MetaString.
myemph.py
Pandoc filter that causes emphasis to be rendered using the custom macro \myemph{...} rather than \emph{...} in latex. Other output formats are unaffected.
plantuml.py
Pandoc filter to process code blocks with class plantuml to images. Needs plantuml.jar from http://plantuml.com/.
theorem.py
Pandoc filter to convert divs with class="theorem" to LaTeX theorem environments in LaTeX output, and to numbered theorems in HTML output.
tikz.py
Pandoc filter to process raw latex tikz environments into images. Assumes that pdflatex is in the path, and that the standalone package is available. Also assumes that ImageMagick's convert is in the path. Images are put in the tikz-images directory.

A python module for writing pandoc filters, with a collection of examples

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